• NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    Hundreds of Questions Highly Detailed Reporting Expert Explanations TAKE A FREE GMAT QUIZ
  • 7 CATs FREE!
    If you earn 100 Forum Points

    Engage in the Beat The GMAT forums to earn
    100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE

    Veritas Prep
    VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS
    Earn 10 Points Per Post
    Earn 10 Points Per Thanks
    Earn 10 Points Per Upvote
    REDEEM NOW

Five friends - Ross, Phoebe, Chandler, Joey, and Monica

This topic has 1 expert reply and 0 member replies

Five friends - Ross, Phoebe, Chandler, Joey, and Monica

Post

Timer

00:00

Your Answer

A

B

C

D

E

Global Stats

Difficult



Five friends - Ross, Phoebe, Chandler, Joey, and Monica - decide to have lunch at a pizzeria. Five types of individual pizza are available: Hawaiian, Supreme, Veggie, Pepperoni, and Margherita. If Ross refuses to eat Hawaiian, Phoebe will only eat Margherita, and no two friends will eat the same type of pizza, in how many ways can they order lunch?

A. 18
B. 24
C. 48
D. 96
E. 120

OA=A

Source: Veritas Prep

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post
M7MBA wrote:
Five friends - Ross, Phoebe, Chandler, Joey, and Monica - decide to have lunch at a pizzeria. Five types of individual pizza are available: Hawaiian, Supreme, Veggie, Pepperoni, and Margherita. If Ross refuses to eat Hawaiian, Phoebe will only eat Margherita, and no two friends will eat the same type of pizza, in how many ways can they order lunch?

A. 18
B. 24
C. 48
D. 96
E. 120

OA=A

Source: Veritas Prep
Take the task of feeding the 5 friends and break it into stages.

We’ll begin with the most restrictive stage(s).

Stage 1: Select a pizza for Phoebe
Since Phoebe will only eat Margherita pizza, there's only 1 pizza we can serve her.
So, we can complete stage 1 in 1 way

Stage 2: Select a pizza for Ross
There are 4 pizzas remaining, but 1 of them is Hawaiian (which Ross refuses to eat).
So, there are only 3 pizzas we can serve Ross
We can complete stage 2 in 3 ways

Stage 3: Select a pizza for Chandler
There are 3 pizzas remaining, so we can complete stage 3 in 3 ways

Stage 4: Select a pizza for Joey
There are 2 pizzas remaining, so we can complete stage 4 in 2 ways

Stage 5: Select a pizza for Monica
There's only 1 pizza remaining, so we can complete stage 5 in 1 way

By the Fundamental Counting Principle (FCP), we can complete all 5 stages (and thus feed these "friends") in (1)(3)(3)(2)(1) ways (= 18 ways)

Answer: A

Note: the FCP can be used to solve the MAJORITY of counting questions on the GMAT. For more information about the FCP, watch our free video: http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-counting/video/775

You can also watch a demonstration of the FCP in action: https://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-counting/video/776

Then you can try solving the following questions:

EASY
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/what-should-be-the-answer-t267256.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/counting-problem-company-recruitment-t244302.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/picking-a-5-digit-code-with-an-odd-middle-digit-t273110.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/permutation-combination-simple-one-t257412.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/simple-one-t270061.html


MEDIUM
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/combinatorics-solution-explanation-t273194.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/arabian-horses-good-one-t150703.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/sub-sets-probability-t273337.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/combinatorics-problem-t273180.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/digits-numbers-t270127.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/doubt-on-separator-method-t271047.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/combinatorics-problem-t267079.html


DIFFICULT
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/wonderful-p-c-ques-t271001.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/permutation-and-combination-t273915.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/permutation-t122873.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/no-two-ladies-sit-together-t275661.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/combinations-t123249.html


Cheers,
Brent

_________________
Brent Hanneson – Creator of GMATPrepNow.com
Use my video course along with Beat The GMAT's free 60-Day Study Guide

Sign up for free Question of the Day emails
And check out all of these free resources

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
GMAT Prep Now's comprehensive video course can be used in conjunction with Beat The GMAT’s FREE 60-Day Study Guide and reach your target score in 2 months!
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • The Princeton Review
    FREE GMAT Exam
    Know how you'd score today for $0

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    The Princeton Review
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer

Top First Responders*

1 Brent@GMATPrepNow 41 first replies
2 Ian Stewart 37 first replies
3 Jay@ManhattanReview 32 first replies
4 GMATGuruNY 26 first replies
5 Scott@TargetTestPrep 14 first replies
* Only counts replies to topics started in last 30 days
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members

Most Active Experts

1 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

199 posts
2 image description Max@Math Revolution

Math Revolution

92 posts
3 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

74 posts
4 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

45 posts
5 image description Ian Stewart

GMATiX Teacher

43 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts