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In a town of 8,000 residents, 65 percent of all residents

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In a town of 8,000 residents, 65 percent of all residents

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In a town of 8,000 residents, 65 percent of all residents own a car, 55 percent own a motorcycle, and 25 percent own neither a car nor a motorcycle. How many residents own a car but not a motorcycle?

A. 800
B. 1,600
C. 2,000
D. 3,600
E. 4,400

The OA is B

Source: Manhattan Prep

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GMAT/MBA Expert

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swerve wrote:
In a town of 8,000 residents, 65 percent of all residents own a car, 55 percent own a motorcycle, and 25 percent own neither a car nor a motorcycle. How many residents own a car but not a motorcycle?

A. 800
B. 1,600
C. 2,000
D. 3,600
E. 4,400

The OA is B

Source: Manhattan Prep
Another approach is to use the Double Matrix Method.
This technique can be used for most questions featuring a population in which each member has two characteristics associated with it (aka overlapping sets questions).
Here, we have a population of residents, and the two characteristics are:
- own a car or do not own a car
- own a motorcycle or do not own a motorcycle

65% of 8000 = 5200
55% of 8000 = 4400
25% of 8000 = 2000

So, our matrix looks like this so far:


Since there are 8000 resident altogether, we know that, if 5200 own a car, then 2800 do NOT own a car
And, if 4400 own a motorcycle, then 3600 do NOT own a motorcycle
We get:


When we fill in the rest of the matrix we get:


We can see that 1600 residents own a car but not a motorcycle

Answer: B

This question type is VERY COMMON on the GMAT, so be sure to master the technique.

To learn more about the Double Matrix Method, watch this video: http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-word-problems?id=919

Once you’re familiar with this technique, you can attempt these additional practice questions:

Easy Problem Solving questions
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/finance-majors-non-finance-majors-overlapping-set-question-t167425.html

Medium Problem Solving questions
- http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-word-problems/video/920
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/posted-speed-limit-t272374.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/motel-t271938.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/of-the-applicants-passes-a-certain-test-15-t270255.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/opening-night-and-late-patrons-t264869.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/at-least-100-students-at-a-certain-high-school-study-japanes-t274669.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/prblem-solving-t279424.html

Difficult Problem Solving questions
- http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-word-problems/video/946
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/ratio-problem-t268339.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/overlapping-sets-question-t265223.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/fractions-t264254.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/overlapping-sets-t264092.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2011/05/09/random-double-matrix-question-2

Easy Data Sufficiency questions
- http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-word-problems/video/943
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/for-what-percent-of-those-tested-for-a-certain-t270596.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/ds-quest-t187706.html

Medium Data Sufficiency questions
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/sets-matrix-ds-t271914.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/each-of-people-voted-once-in-an-election-x-t271375.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/a-manufacturer-t270331.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/in-costume-for-halloween-t269355.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2011/05/05/random-double-matrix-question-1

Difficult Data Sufficiency questions
- https://youtu.be/dsCeqF9Kbk8
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/double-set-matrix-question-t271423.html
- https://youtu.be/dOZ9KM1m5Hs
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/sets-t269449.html
- http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2011/05/16/random-double-matrix-question-3

Cheers,
Brent

_________________
Brent Hanneson – Creator of GMATPrepNow.com
Use my video course along with Beat The GMAT's free 60-Day Study Guide

Sign up for free Question of the Day emails
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GMAT Prep Now's comprehensive video course can be used in conjunction with Beat The GMAT’s FREE 60-Day Study Guide and reach your target score in 2 months!
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swerve wrote:
In a town of 8,000 residents, 65 percent of all residents own a car, 55 percent own a motorcycle, and 25 percent own neither a car nor a motorcycle. How many residents own a car but not a motorcycle?

A. 800
B. 1,600
C. 2,000
D. 3,600
E. 4,400

The OA is B

Source: Manhattan Prep
Let’s start with making the total 100 percent; thus:

Total = Car owners + Motorcycle owners - both + neither

100 = 65 + 55 - both + 25

100 = 145 - both

Both = 45

So 65 - 45 = 20 percent of the 8,000 residents own a car but not a motorcycle, and 20% of 8,000 is 0.2 x 8,000 = 1,600.

Answer: B

_________________

Scott Woodbury-Stewart
Founder and CEO
scott@targettestprep.com



See why Target Test Prep is rated 5 out of 5 stars on BEAT the GMAT. Read our reviews

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