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The national infrastructure for airport runways and air

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The national infrastructure for airport runways and air

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The national infrastructure for airport runways and air traffic control requires immediate expansion to accommodate the increase in private, smaller planes. To help fund this expansion, the Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) has proposed a fee for all air travelers. However, this fee would be unfair, as it would impose costs on all travelers to benefit only the few who utilize the new private planes.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the claim that the proposed fee would be unfair?

(A) The existing national airport infrastructure benefits all air travelers.
(B) The fee, if imposed, will have a negligible impact on the overall volume of air travel.
(C) The expansion would reduce the number of delayed flights resulting from small private planes congesting runways.
(D) Travelers who use small private planes are almost uniformly wealthy or traveling on business.
(E) A substantial fee would need to be imposed in order to pay for the expansion costs.

OA C

Source: Manhattan Prep

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Option A - Incorrect
The exiting infrastructure is not what is being talked about. The issue is that a fee is being imposed to pay for infrastructure expansion. So, discussing the existing infrastructure on its own does not correlate.

Option B - Incorrect
Irrelevant and out of context. The argument didn't say anything about this fee reducing overall air travel volume. It's very possible that everyone who utilizes air travel continues to do so, but only now they have to pay a fine that for many of them is not viewed as far.

Option C - correct
This gets at our prediction, and is thus correct. If the expansion reduces flight delays by eliminating congestion, then probably many air travellers are going to benefit from this infrastructure expansion; not only the few people who utilize private planes.

Option D - Incorrect
This option is out of proportion. Nobody's wealth is relevant here.

Option E - Incorrect
Saying that the fee will be large is out of scope. If anything, this would strengthen the argument if the fee ends up being substantial for normal travellers, but the magnitude of the fee is in reality out of scope.
The issue is simply about whether other travellers having to pay the fee is fair, and it does not matter if the fee is $1,000,000 or $0.01 per person.

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