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The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely r

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The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely r

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The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and
(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being
(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is

I'm confused between B and D. Can any experts help?

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When you post an SC, please underline the tested portion

ardz24 wrote:
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and
(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being
(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is
Generally, the agent of a COMMA + VERBing modifier must be the nearest preceding SUBJECT.
B and C: The 32 species...include the animal known as the killer whale, growing
Here, COMMA + growing seems to refer to the 32 species -- the nearest preceding subject -- implying that the SPECIES are GROWING.
Not the intended meaning.
The intended meaning of the original sentence is that THE KILLER WHALE can GROW.
Eliminate B and C.

In D and E, includes (singular) does not agree with the 32 species (plural).
Eliminate D and E.

The correct answer is A.

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Mo2men wrote:
Dear Mitch,
1-In OA, should not it include another 'which' as follows:
which can grow to be 30 feet long and which is[/u] famous for its aggressive hunting pods.
There is no reason to repeat which in the OA.

Quote:
2- If unnecessary in this case, when could be mandatory and may cause confusion if omitted?
Even if more than one verb is attributed to COMMA + WHICH, the usage of one which should suffice.

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Mitch Hunt
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Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.
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GMATGuruNY wrote:
When you post an SC, please underline the tested portion

ardz24 wrote:
The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

(A) include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is
(B) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and
(C) include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being
(D) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is
(E) includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is
Generally, the agent of a COMMA + VERBing modifier must be the nearest preceding SUBJECT.
B and C: The 32 species...include the animal known as the killer whale, growing
Here, COMMA + growing seems to refer to the 32 species -- the nearest preceding subject -- implying that the SPECIES are GROWING.
Not the intended meaning.
The intended meaning of the original sentence is that THE KILLER WHALE can GROW.
Eliminate B and C.

In D and E, includes (singular) does not agree with the 32 species (plural).
Eliminate D and E.

The correct answer is A.
Dear Mitch,
1-In OA, should not it include another 'which' as follows:
which can grow to be 30 feet long and which is[/u] famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

2- If unnecessary in this case, when could be mandatory and may cause confusion if omitted?

Thanks

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