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Parellelism

This topic has 2 expert replies and 0 member replies
amontobin Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
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Parellelism

Post Tue Jul 18, 2017 6:17 pm
Under the current Collective Bargaining Agreement, the NFL Commissioner's Office has the responsibility both to administer penalties unilaterally for a wide range of infractions deemed harmful to the league and its image and that they review their own decisions when subject to appeal from players.

A that they review their
B for a review of their
C they should review their
D it should review its
E to review its

Confused about the meaning of an orgainzation reviewing itself, Experts?

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Post Wed Aug 02, 2017 10:48 am
This two-part parallelism - also known as CLOSED PARALLELISM - is very common on the GMAT. Any time you see the following:
BOTH ____ AND ____
EITHER ____ OR ______
NOT ONLY _____BUT ALSO _______
NOT ________ BUT _________
etc,

... you need to make sure that what comes right after the first part structurally matches what comes after the 2nd part. For more, see:
http://www.beatthegmat.com/help-manhattan-sc-when-to-repeat-and-when-not-to-t274893.html#713882
http://www.beatthegmat.com/sc-question-query-og-t290070.html#769597
http://www.beatthegmat.com/spanish-armada-t291006.html#775935
http://www.beatthegmat.com/og-pg-725-81-quick-question-see-spoiler-t75836.html#767953
http://www.beatthegmat.com/think-of-x-as-y-issue-t176901.html#575578
http://www.beatthegmat.com/most-expenditures-to-combat-such-vector-borne-diseases-t275741.html#716319

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Post Wed Aug 02, 2017 10:43 am
The major signal that PARALLELISM was being tested here was the use of BOTH _______ AND _________. Whenever you see this structure, know that whatever comes directly after "both" must match what comes directly after "and."

We can break the sentence down like this:

...NFL Commissioner's Office has the responsibility both
1. to administer penalties unilaterally (for a wide range of infractions deemed harmful to the league and its image)
and
2. that they review their own decisions when subject to appeal from players.


The second item in this list must be an infinitive beginning with "to." That rules out everything except E.

To your question about whether a commissioner's office can review itself... the GMAT isn't always entirely consistent on that. With purely inanimate objects, we wouldn't want to use active verbs: "the house needs to protect itself against burglars" is illogical. We'd say "we need to protect our house against burglars."

But since offices / commissions / committees, etc., are made up of groups of people, the GMAT generally allows them to use active verbs (much like I did with "the GMAT allows" in this sentence). If the office can "administer penalties" in the non-underlined portion, we can hardly quibble with it reviewing itself in the underlined portion.

Does that help?

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Manhattan Prep GMAT & GRE instructor
EdM in Mind, Brain, and Education
Harvard Graduate School of Education


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