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OG Verbal 2016-SC# 80

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ngk4mba3236 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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OG Verbal 2016-SC# 80

Post Sun Apr 24, 2016 6:18 am
Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had no prime ministers not coming from a landed family.

A. Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had no prime ministers not coming
B. Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had had no prime ministers who have not come
C. Until Disraeli in 1868, there were no prime ministers in Great Britain who have not come
D. It was not until 1868 that Great Britain had a prime minister -- Disraeli -- who did not come
E. It was only in 1868 and Disraeli that Great Britain had one of its prime ministers not coming

OA:D

p.s: got this one right. however,it appears that OA is correct because other options are either grammatically wrong or nonsensical/awkward.

@gmat experts - can you please share your analysis for this sc ?



Last edited by ngk4mba3236 on Mon Apr 25, 2016 10:20 am; edited 2 times in total

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ngk4mba3236 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Tue Apr 26, 2016 7:37 am
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Quote:
"not until 1868" means post-1868 time. right ? so, the intended meaning is only after 1868, Great Britain had a prime minister-- Disraeli -- who did not come from a landed family.

am I correct?
Not quite.

OA: It was not until 1868 that Great Britain had a prime minister who did not come from a landed family.
Conveyed meaning:
Every British prime minister prior to 1868 came from a landed family.
In 1868 -- for the first time in history -- Great Britain had a prime minister NOT from a landed family.
so, X happened not until 2000 would always mean that X happened in 2000 only -- not after 2000.

right ?

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Post Tue Apr 26, 2016 4:35 am
ngk4mba3236 wrote:
GMATGuruNY wrote:
until must serve to refer to a TIME or an EVENT.
A and B: until...Disreali
C: Until Disraeli
Here, until incorrectly refers to a PERSON.
by the above reasoning,i think, we can eliminate all of A,B & C as well. right ?
Correct.

Quote:
"not until 1868" means post-1868 time. right ? so, the intended meaning is only after 1868, Great Britain had a prime minister-- Disraeli -- who did not come from a landed family.

am I correct?
Not quite.

OA: It was not until 1868 that Great Britain had a prime minister who did not come from a landed family.
Conveyed meaning:
Every British prime minister prior to 1868 came from a landed family.
In 1868 -- for the first time in history -- Great Britain had a prime minister NOT from a landed family.

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Post Sun Apr 24, 2016 8:39 pm
ngk4mba3236 wrote:
Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had no prime minister not coming from a landed family.

A. Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had no prime minister not coming
B. Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain has had not prime minister who has not come
C. Until Disraeli in 1868, Great Britain had no prime minister who has not come
D. It was not until 1868 that Great Britain had a prime minister-Disraeli-who did not come
E. It was only 1868 and Disraeli that Great Britain has one of its prime minister not coming.

OA:D

p.s: got this one right. however,it appears that OA is correct because other options are either grammatically wrong or nonsensical/awkward.

@gmat experts - can you please share your analysis for this sc ?
This is a twisted version of the official questions with some words changed in some options.
There are a lot of problems with all the options apart from D
To start with, A and B use double negatives, which is totally not necessary and making the sentence a lot confusing.
Option C: This has a tense mismatch
Option E: It seems that the sentence means change occurred in 1868 and in Disraeli.

Does this help?

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ngk4mba3236 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Mon Apr 25, 2016 3:30 am
isn't the following another error in option a,b & c ?

until must be followed by a time/time phrase, but in these 3 options until is followed by either non-time noun(re Disraeli) or time plus a non-time noun.

@experts - please let me know whether I'm correct ?

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ngk4mba3236 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Mon Apr 25, 2016 3:31 am
OptimusPrep wrote:
This is a twisted version of the official questions with some words changed in some options.
ankur,
can you please clarify what exactly you mean by this ? (this sc is itself an official question from "Verbal review 2016")

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Post Mon Apr 25, 2016 5:03 am
The SC above -- SC80 in the OG for Verbal 2016 -- seems to have been posted with quite a few typos.
In my version of the book, the SC reads as follows:

ngk4mba3236 wrote:
Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had no prime ministers not coming from a landed family.

A. Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had no prime ministers not coming
B. Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had had no prime ministers who have not come
C. Until Disraeli in 1868, there were no prime ministers in Great Britain who have not come
D. It was not until 1868 that Great Britain had a prime minister -- Disraeli -- who did not come
E. It was only in 1868 and Disraeli that Great Britain had one of its prime ministers not coming
until must serve to refer to a TIME or an EVENT.
A and B: until...Disreali
C: Until Disraeli
Here, until incorrectly refers to a PERSON.
Eliminate A, B and C.

In D and E, it is serving as an EXPLETIVE.
I explain this usage in my second post here:
http://www.beatthegmat.com/sentence-structure-t282034.html

E: It was only in 1868 and Disraeli that Great Britain had one of its prime ministers not coming from a landed family.
Here, it seems to refer to the that-clause in red, conveying the following meaning:
That Great Britain had one of its prime ministers not coming from a landed family was only in 1868 and Disraeli.
This meaning is nonsensical.
Eliminate E.

The correct answer is D.

D: It was not until 1868 that Great Britain had a prime minister -- Disraeli -- who did not come from a landed family.
Here, it refers to the that-clause in blue, conveying the following meaning:
That Great Britain had a prime minister -- Disraeli -- who did not come from a landed family was not until 1868.
This meaning is sensical.

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Last edited by GMATGuruNY on Mon Apr 25, 2016 11:43 am; edited 3 times in total

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Post Mon Apr 25, 2016 8:32 am
I have to disagree. "Landed" is not a typo in the original - a "landed family" is one that owns land.

Per the answer explanation in the book:
Quote:
This sentence explains how Disraeli marked a turning point in British history: he was the first prime minister who did not come from the landed gentry.

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Post Mon Apr 25, 2016 8:40 am
ceilidh.erickson wrote:
I have to disagree. "Landed" is not a typo in the original - a "landed family" is one that owns land.

Per the answer explanation in the book:
Quote:
This sentence explains how Disraeli marked a turning point in British history: he was the first prime minister who did not come from the landed gentry.
Ah, yes!
I've amended my post accordingly.

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Post Mon Apr 25, 2016 9:05 am
Smile[/img]

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ngk4mba3236 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Mon Apr 25, 2016 10:30 am
GMATGuruNY wrote:
until must serve to refer to a TIME or an EVENT.
A and B: until...Disreali
C: Until Disraeli
Here, until incorrectly refers to a PERSON.
Eliminate A and B.
gmatguru,
(thanks for correcting the sc. I've also edited my qs accordingly in the first post)
by the above reasoning,i think, we can eliminate all of A,B & C as well. right ? (I think, C should get included in your above list!)

GMATGuruNY wrote:
The correct answer is D.

D: It was not until 1868 that Great Britain had a prime minister -- Disraeli -- who did not come from a landed family.
Here, it refers to the that-clause in blue, conveying the following meaning:
That Great Britain had a prime minister -- Disraeli -- who did not come from a landed family was not until 1868.
This meaning is sensical.
here, "not until 1868" means post-1868 time. right ? so, the intended meaning is only after 1868, Great Britain had a prime minister-- Disraeli -- who did not come from a landed family.

am I correct?

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ngk4mba3236 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Fri Apr 29, 2016 9:59 am
@experts - any quick update on the above query ?

thank you!

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Post Sat Apr 30, 2016 2:25 am
ngk4mba3236 wrote:
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Quote:
"not until 1868" means post-1868 time. right ? so, the intended meaning is only after 1868, Great Britain had a prime minister-- Disraeli -- who did not come from a landed family.

am I correct?
Not quite.

OA: It was not until 1868 that Great Britain had a prime minister who did not come from a landed family.
Conveyed meaning:
Every British prime minister prior to 1868 came from a landed family.
In 1868 -- for the first time in history -- Great Britain had a prime minister NOT from a landed family.
so, X happened not until 2000 would always mean that X happened in 2000 only -- not after 2000.

right ?
Not quite.
It was not until 2000 that John attended college.
Conveyed meaning:
John did not attend college before 2000.
John attended college -- for the first time -- in 2000.
It is also possible that John attended college AFTER 2000.

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ngk4mba3236 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Sat Apr 30, 2016 8:54 am
GMATGuruNY wrote:
It was not until 2000 that John attended college.
Conveyed meaning:
John did not attend college before 2000.
John attended college -- for the first time -- in 2000.
It is also possible that John attended college AFTER 2000.
ok. so that means for the sc at hand,

intended meaning:
Every British prime minister prior to 1868 came from a landed family. In 1868 (or after 1868) Great Britain had a prime minister NOT from a landed family.

right ?

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ngk4mba3236 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Post Wed May 04, 2016 10:40 am
gmatguru,
would you please quickly confirm whether I'm correct in the above post ?

thank you!

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