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Even though recent national statistics

This topic has 1 expert reply and 1 member reply

Even though recent national statistics

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Even though recent national statistics suggest a revival in business activity, some credit-market analysts maintain that the Federal Reserve Board needs to lower short-term interest rates further for stimulating the economy.

A.the Federal Reserve Board needs to lower short-term interest rates further for stimulating
B.the Federal Reserve Board needs to lower short-term interest rates further in order to stimulate
C.the need is for the Federal Reserve Board to lower short-term interest rates further for stimulating
D.there need to be a further lowering by the Federal Reserve Board of short-term interest rates for the purpose of stimulating
E.short-term interest rates need to be lowered further by the Federal Reserve Board so as to stimulate

OA:B

Source:GMATPrep EP2

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GMAT/MBA Expert

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NandishSS wrote:
Even though recent national statistics suggest a revival in business activity, some credit-market analysts maintain that the Federal Reserve Board needs to lower short-term interest rates further for stimulating the economy.

A.the Federal Reserve Board needs to lower short-term interest rates further for stimulating
B.the Federal Reserve Board needs to lower short-term interest rates further in order to stimulate
C.the need is for the Federal Reserve Board to lower short-term interest rates further for stimulating
D.there need to be a further lowering by the Federal Reserve Board of short-term interest rates for the purpose of stimulating
E.short-term interest rates need to be lowered further by the Federal Reserve Board so as to stimulate
A and C: rates further for stimulating the economy
Here, the phrase in red seems to be ADJECTIVE describing the RATES.
Question: What KIND of rates?
Answer: RATES for stimulating the economy.
Not the intended meaning.
The intention here is not to describe the rates themselves but to express WHY the rates should be LOWERED.
To express why an action should be performed, we generally use an infinitive modifier (to + VERB), as illustrated by the OA:
The Federal Reserve Board needs to lower short-term interest rates further in order TO STIMULATE the economy.
Eliminate A and C.

In D, a further lowering (singular) does not agree with need (plural).
Eliminate D.

E: so as to
On the GMAT, so as to is considered unidiomatic.
Eliminate E.
For more on this issue, check my post here:
http://www.beatthegmat.com/og-sc-question-171-so-as-to-vs-so-that-t9375-15.html

The correct answer is B.

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The whole sentence is in “simple present” tense. So, the use of “present continuous - stimulating” is wrong here. Hence, A, C and D are out. E could be eliminated for unnecessary use of passive voice in the sentence. Hence, B is the answer.

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