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100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS Earn 10 Points Per Post Earn 10 Points Per Thanks Earn 10 Points Per Upvote ## Due to automobile-related jobs [GMATPREP SC] ##### This topic has 1 expert reply and 1 member reply ## Due to automobile-related jobs [GMATPREP SC] Due to automobile-related jobs in the 1920's employing one of every eight workers, the automobile industry dominated the American economy. (A) Due to automobile-related jobs in the 1920's employing one of every eight workers, the automobile industry dominated the American economy. (B) One out of every eight workers were employed in automobile-related jobs in the 1920's, with the American economy being dominated by the automobile industry. (C) The automobile industry dominated the American economy in the 1920's, with one of every eight workers having been employed in automobile-related jobs. (D) In the 1920's, the automobile industry had dominated the American economy, when one out of every eight workers was employed in an automobile-related job. (E) In the 1920's, the automobile industry dominated the American economy, with one out of every eight workers employed in an automobile-related job. Why E is better than C? ### GMAT/MBA Expert GMAT Instructor Joined 25 May 2010 Posted: 15380 messages Followed by: 1872 members Upvotes: 13060 GMAT Score: 790 ankit0703 wrote: Due to automobile-related jobs in the 1920's employing one of every eight workers, the automobile industry dominated the American economy. (A) Due to automobile-related jobs in the 1920's employing one of every eight workers, the automobile industry dominated the American economy. (B) One out of every eight workers were employed in automobile-related jobs in the 1920's, with the American economy being dominated by the automobile industry. (C) The automobile industry dominated the American economy in the 1920's, with one of every eight workers having been employed in automobile-related jobs. (D) In the 1920's, the automobile industry had dominated the American economy, when one out of every eight workers was employed in an automobile-related job. (E) In the 1920's, the automobile industry dominated the American economy, with one out of every eight workers employed in an automobile-related job. Why E is better than C? In A, due to seems to modify the automobile industry, implying that the INDUSTRY was due to JOBS -- a nonsensical meaning. Eliminate A. In B, one (singular subject) does not agree with were (plural). Eliminate B. In D, when seems to refer to the economy. When must refer to a MOMENT IN TIME. Also, the past perfect must refer to an INDEFINITE moment in the past. Thus, it is incorrect to say that the industry had dominated IN THE 1920's. Eliminate D. HAVING + past participle implies an action that took place PRIOR to the main verb. Thus in C, having been employed implies that the workers were employed BEFORE the industry dominated. Not the intended meaning. The intended meaning is that the two actions happened AT THE SAME TIME. Eliminate C. The correct answer is E. For a further discussion of HAVING + past participle, check my posts here: http://www.beatthegmat.com/a-really-good-sc-t101830.html (2 posts) http://www.beatthegmat.com/diesel-engines-burn-as-much-as-30-percent-t88260.html _________________ Mitch Hunt Private Tutor for the GMAT and GRE GMATGuruNY@gmail.com If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "UPVOTE" icon. Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance. For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com. Student Review #1 Student Review #2 Student Review #3 Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now. Legendary Member Joined 20 May 2008 Posted: 1404 messages Followed by: 2 members Upvotes: 18 having done can used before or after a main clause to modify the clause/main verb. we need comma to separate "having done phrase" from main clause. NOUN HAVING DONE dose not exist in general grammar and so in gmat grammar. eliminate this pattern without thinking because this is mechanical grammar error. NOUN DOING show noun which will do noun which did noun which had done ....... any tense. that is why "doing" in this case is call verbal, "no time". • Free Trial & Practice Exam BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Get 300+ Practice Questions 25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Magoosh Study with Magoosh GMAT prep Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • 5-Day Free Trial 5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • 5 Day FREE Trial Study Smarter, Not Harder Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Free Practice Test & Review How would you score if you took the GMAT Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • 1 Hour Free BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • FREE GMAT Exam Know how you'd score today for$0

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