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Due to automobile-related jobs [GMATPREP SC]

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Due to automobile-related jobs [GMATPREP SC]

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Due to automobile-related jobs in the 1920's employing one of every eight workers, the automobile industry dominated the American economy.

(A) Due to automobile-related jobs in the 1920's employing one of every eight workers, the automobile industry dominated the American economy.
(B) One out of every eight workers were employed in automobile-related jobs in the 1920's, with the American economy being dominated by the automobile industry.
(C) The automobile industry dominated the American economy in the 1920's, with one of every eight workers having been employed in automobile-related jobs.
(D) In the 1920's, the automobile industry had dominated the American economy, when one out of every eight workers was employed in an automobile-related job.
(E) In the 1920's, the automobile industry dominated the American economy, with one out of every eight workers employed in an automobile-related job.

Why E is better than C?

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ankit0703 wrote:
Due to automobile-related jobs in the 1920's employing one of every eight workers, the automobile industry dominated the American economy.

(A) Due to automobile-related jobs in the 1920's employing one of every eight workers, the automobile industry dominated the American economy.
(B) One out of every eight workers were employed in automobile-related jobs in the 1920's, with the American economy being dominated by the automobile industry.
(C) The automobile industry dominated the American economy in the 1920's, with one of every eight workers having been employed in automobile-related jobs.
(D) In the 1920's, the automobile industry had dominated the American economy, when one out of every eight workers was employed in an automobile-related job.
(E) In the 1920's, the automobile industry dominated the American economy, with one out of every eight workers employed in an automobile-related job.

Why E is better than C?
In A, due to seems to modify the automobile industry, implying that the INDUSTRY was due to JOBS -- a nonsensical meaning.
Eliminate A.

In B, one (singular subject) does not agree with were (plural).
Eliminate B.

In D, when seems to refer to the economy. When must refer to a MOMENT IN TIME.
Also, the past perfect must refer to an INDEFINITE moment in the past. Thus, it is incorrect to say that the industry had dominated IN THE 1920's.
Eliminate D.

HAVING + past participle implies an action that took place PRIOR to the main verb.
Thus in C, having been employed implies that the workers were employed BEFORE the industry dominated.
Not the intended meaning.
The intended meaning is that the two actions happened AT THE SAME TIME.
Eliminate C.

The correct answer is E.

For a further discussion of HAVING + past participle, check my posts here:

http://www.beatthegmat.com/a-really-good-sc-t101830.html (2 posts)

http://www.beatthegmat.com/diesel-engines-burn-as-much-as-30-percent-t88260.html

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having done
can used before or after a main clause to modify the clause/main verb. we need comma to separate "having done phrase" from main clause.

NOUN HAVING DONE dose not exist in general grammar and so in gmat grammar. eliminate this pattern without thinking because this is mechanical grammar error.

NOUN DOING show

noun which will do
noun which did
noun which had done
.......
any tense. that is why "doing" in this case is call verbal, "no time".

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