• NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    Hundreds of Questions Highly Detailed Reporting Expert Explanations TAKE A FREE GMAT QUIZ
  • 7 CATs FREE!
    If you earn 100 Forum Points

    Engage in the Beat The GMAT forums to earn
    100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE

    Veritas Prep
    VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS
    Earn 10 Points Per Post
    Earn 10 Points Per Thanks
    Earn 10 Points Per Upvote
    REDEEM NOW

Critical Reasoning

This topic has 1 expert reply and 0 member replies

Critical Reasoning

Post
In Europe, schoolchildren devote time during each school day to calisthenics. North American schools rarely offer a daily calisthenics program. Tests prove that North American children are weaker, slower, and shorter-winded than European children. We must conclude that North American children can be made physically fit only if they participate in school calisthenics on a daily basis.
Which of the following is an assumption required by the argument above?

A)Physical fitness is a compelling national priority worthy of taxpayer resources.
B)School calisthenics programs are an indispensable factor in European student fitness.
C)All children can be made equally physically fit.
D)European schoolchildren enjoy physical activities more than do American children.
E)American physical education teachers are capable of designing a successful calisthenics program.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

GMAT Instructor
Joined
22 Feb 2010
Posted:
2193 messages
Followed by:
509 members
Upvotes:
1186
GMAT Score:
770
Post
This is a great LSAT assumption question. It fits well with the GMAT critical reasoning format.

Start by finding the conclusion:

"We must conclude that North American children can be made physically fit only if they participate in school calisthenics on a daily basis."

What evidence do we have for this conclusion?

In Europe = calisthenics; North America = no calisthenics; And European kids = better health.

This seems to add up right? I mean if European kids have better health and they do the calisthenics daily that must have something to so with it right?

Actually that is an assumption! It might be genetics, it might be diet, it might be a number of things. So when the conclusion jumps to "North American children can be made physically fit only if they participate in school calisthenics on a daily basis" we need some more support for this.

This is exactly what choice B does. It indicates the assumption that we are making in this argument. Because if school calisthenics are not indispensable then the conclusion fails. If the calisthenics are not "indispensable" then the word "only" in the conclusion is not justified.

The other choices are not REQUIRED by the argument.

(Be aware that this question is slightly different answer choices from the official LSAT original. So the letter of the correct answer to this question is different than the letter of the correct answer to the official LSAT question but the actual correct answer choice is the same).

Hope it helps!

David

_________________
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor

Veritas Prep Reviews
Save $100 off any live Veritas Prep GMAT Course

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Enroll in a Veritas Prep GMAT class completely for FREE. Wondering if a GMAT course is right for you? Attend the first class session of an actual GMAT course, either in-person or live online, and see for yourself why so many students choose to work with Veritas Prep. Find a class now!
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • The Princeton Review
    FREE GMAT Exam
    Know how you'd score today for $0

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    The Princeton Review
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider

Top First Responders*

1 Jay@ManhattanReview 66 first replies
2 fskilnik@GMATH 50 first replies
3 Brent@GMATPrepNow 49 first replies
4 GMATGuruNY 32 first replies
5 Rich.C@EMPOWERgma... 26 first replies
* Only counts replies to topics started in last 30 days
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members

Most Active Experts

1 image description fskilnik@GMATH

GMATH Teacher

109 posts
2 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

97 posts
3 image description Max@Math Revolution

Math Revolution

94 posts
4 image description Jay@ManhattanReview

Manhattan Review

83 posts
5 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

78 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts