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Abailableity of Televsion

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Abailableity of Televsion

by sumittaneja009 » Thu Dec 11, 2008 3:09 am
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating



OA is D

Please explain why B is wrong and D is the right answer?

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Re: Abailableity of Televsion

by iamcste » Thu Dec 11, 2008 3:40 am
sumittaneja009 wrote:The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating


OA is D


Please explain why B is wrong and D is the right answer?
https://www.beatthegmat.com/increased-po ... 24659.html


Crux:

D

"Orginating" and "perpetuated" are actually parallel to each other

How?

One is present particple and other is past participle

and they parallel also in meaning

"Orginating means getting new life" Beginning of life

"perpetuate means preserving from extinction ie end of life"

It looks greek when explained. But read the explanation of a similar qtn

OG 11. eg. 39

Its very much similar to "spawned" and "extending"

( spawned meant something in the past and extending meant something that still continued onto the present)

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by vivek.kapoor83 » Thu Dec 11, 2008 4:58 am
im caste...i hv 2 ques
1. DOnt u think subejct is plural coz it is using 'as'...so it should be have led..why it is 'has led' ...although it is not underlined..still wanted to ask.

2. i always get confused b.w past participal and present participal...so pls elaborate a bit..........

Thanks in advance.

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by iamcste » Thu Dec 11, 2008 5:35 am
vivek.kapoor83 wrote:im caste...i hv 2 ques
1. DOnt u think subejct is plural coz it is using 'as'...so it should be have led..why it is 'has led' ...although it is not underlined..still wanted to ask.


Subject-her "The increased popularity and availability" both are related to Television and not related to different things

Its a subject phrase...Subject phrases take singular verbs



2. i always get confused b.w past participal and present participal...so pls elaborate a bit..........


Past participles are used in the Perfect tenses

For regular verb such as "walk" Past participle is formed by adding "ed" to the end

For irregular verbs e.,g. "Begin", Past participle is " Has begun"


Comprehensive list of irregular verbs is given in MG SC



Present participles- "ing"

walk-walking etc



Thanks in advance.

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by orel » Fri Dec 12, 2008 1:48 am
what is wrong with C here????