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Increased popularity

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Increased popularity

by iamcste » Fri Dec 05, 2008 3:40 pm
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating[/quote]


OA after discussion..its based on OG problem

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Re: Increased popularity

by logitech » Fri Dec 05, 2008 4:01 pm
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects...

The use of HAS LED indicates that the change in dialects is an on-going process. Eliminiate A,B and C

Between D and E

perpetuating by..is incorrect , so choose (D)
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by iamcste » Fri Dec 05, 2008 4:10 pm
there is something else hidden and I need that..

Also, not sure your way could eliminate A

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by logitech » Fri Dec 05, 2008 5:29 pm
iamcste wrote:there is something else hidden and I need that..

Also, not sure your way could eliminate A
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated

which: introduces non-essential clause. The use of which is wrong here.

variations which originate from diverse ethnic

variations can not originate something. We either need a passive voice or a modifier clause.

It seems like you need the HIDDEN thing ;-) Was it the presumed parallelism between ORIGINATED AND perpetuated
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by iamcste » Fri Dec 05, 2008 5:38 pm
logitech wrote:
It seems like you need the HIDDEN thing ;-) Was it the presumed parallelism between ORIGINATED AND perpetuated
Not even in dreams...but still the quality stuff is not OUT

The hidden aspect is also exhibited by one of OG problems

I am trying to figure if anyone can unfold that hidden aspect

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by iamcste » Fri Dec 05, 2008 10:12 pm
Any attempts

Logitech-given up , Sudhir?

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by sudhir3127 » Fri Dec 05, 2008 10:27 pm
iamcste wrote:Any attempts

Logitech-given up , Sudhir?
Okai here is my take ...

"perpetuated" is not a verb in this particular sentence . if u see it , its used as an adjective modifying "regional dialects, language variations".

In all the option A, B, C "originate" in verb form we need an adjective for parallelism .

E is out because 'perpetuating by' is awkward.

i go with D.

do let u know if u know of any other reason ..

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by iamcste » Fri Dec 05, 2008 10:33 pm
sudhir3127 wrote:
iamcste wrote:Any attempts

Logitech-given up , Sudhir?
Okai here is my take ...

"perpetuated" is not a verb in this particular sentence . if u see it , its used as an adjective modifying "regional dialects, language variations".

In all the option A, B, C "originate" in verb form we need an adjective for parallelism .

E is out because 'perpetuating by' is awkward.

i go with D.

do let u know if u know of any other reason ..

frankly this looks inspired :D and source of inspiration is incorrect as well

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by sudhir3127 » Fri Dec 05, 2008 10:37 pm
iamcste wrote:
sudhir3127 wrote:
iamcste wrote:Any attempts

Logitech-given up , Sudhir?
Okai here is my take ...

"perpetuated" is not a verb in this particular sentence . if u see it , its used as an adjective modifying "regional dialects, language variations".

In all the option A, B, C "originate" in verb form we need an adjective for parallelism .

E is out because 'perpetuating by' is awkward.

i go with D.

do let u know if u know of any other reason ..

frankly this looks inspired :D
Not sure about the source .. but to be honest .,, i have read this question on some other forum ( i think gmat club/testmagic) and think the explanation was right ..

If u ask my call had i not read that post before .. i would have eliminated just the way logitech has done .. but having read it .. and logitech has answered it ... so thought to put the other perspective ..

Do let me know what u feel and what u think might be wrong ?

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Re: Increased popularity

by scoobydooby » Fri Dec 05, 2008 10:49 pm
iamcste wrote:The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating


i go for B. the language variation stuff seems to modify dialects.

A. which originate from x and y and perpetuated by z. not parallel

B. that (has) originated from x and y and (has) perpetuated by z. parallel

C. we need a that or a which to join it to the main clause

D. originating from x and y and perpetuated by z not parallel.(active and passive)

E. originating from x and y and perpetuating by z. apparently parallel. but the correct usage is "perpetuated by"

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by iamcste » Fri Dec 05, 2008 10:55 pm
Nice discussion..lets see few more view points

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by vishubn » Fri Dec 05, 2008 10:56 pm
Same line with soccby ! my vote is on B

OA ?

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by vishubn » Fri Dec 05, 2008 10:58 pm
Yaa ! originating is pointing to on going process but wit hthe flow of the sentence we need originated ! so straight rest is elliminated ! and C seems to modify ! languages !

So B is my call

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by reachac » Fri Dec 05, 2008 11:56 pm
Should be D.

The thing to note here is that 'Perpetuated' is being used as a past participle(adjective), modifying 'Dialects' or rather qualifying the 'Dialects', I should say.

The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
-> Conflicting tense.

(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
->'Originated' is simple-past verb while perpetuated is an adjective. Violates the parallelism.

(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
->'Originated' is simple-past verb while perpetuated is an adjective. Violates the parallelism.

(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
->Both originating as well as perpetuated are adjectives. Parallelism is maintained.

-> Correct option

(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating
-> 'Perpetuating by' is not correct(is awkward) usage)

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by VodkaBoy » Sat Dec 06, 2008 1:26 am
I,m for B
I don't see any violation in paralellism here.
As Scooby have said, the underlined phrase is modifier, so B looks like the best option.