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100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS Earn 10 Points Per Post Earn 10 Points Per Thanks Earn 10 Points Per Upvote ## Working continuously 24 hours a day, a factory bottles Soda tagged by: BTGmoderatorLU ##### This topic has 3 expert replies and 0 member replies ### Top Member ## Working continuously 24 hours a day, a factory bottles Soda ## Timer 00:00 ## Your Answer A B C D E ## Global Stats Difficult Source: Manhattan Prep Working continuously 24 hours a day, a factory bottles Soda Q at a rate of 500 liters per second and Soda V at a rate of 300 liters per second. If twice as many bottles of Soda V as of Soda Q are filled at the factory each day, what is the ratio of the volume of a bottle of Soda Q to a bottle of Soda V? A. 3/10 B. 5/6 C. 6/5 D. 8/3 E. 10/3 The OA is E ### GMAT/MBA Expert Elite Legendary Member Joined 23 Jun 2013 Posted: 10071 messages Followed by: 494 members Upvotes: 2867 GMAT Score: 800 Hi All, We're told that working continuously 24 hours a day, a factory bottles Soda Q at a rate of 500 liters per second and Soda V at a rate of 300 liters per second and that TWICE as many bottles of Soda V as of Soda Q are filled at the factory each day. We're asked for the ratio of the volume of a bottle of Soda Q to a bottle of Soda V. This question is all about ratios, so you can approach the math in a variety of different ways. You might also find it useful to TEST VALUES. The fact that this scenario takes place in a 24-hour day is actually irrelevant to the math involved. Since the number of bottles created is an unknown, we can TEST VALUES to define the overall ratios involved. IF... 1 bottle of Soda Q is created each second, then 2 bottles of Soda V are created each second. Thus, 1 bottle of Soda Q is 500 liters and the 2 bottle of Soda V TOTAL 300 liters (meaning that each bottle is 300/2 = 150 liters). The ratio of a bottle of Soda Q to a bottle of Soda V = 500:150 = 500/150 = 10/3 Final Answer: E GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich _________________ Contact Rich at Rich.C@empowergmat.com ### GMAT/MBA Expert GMAT Instructor Joined 09 Oct 2010 Posted: 1282 messages Followed by: 29 members Upvotes: 59 BTGmoderatorLU wrote: Source: Manhattan Prep Working continuously 24 hours a day, a factory bottles Soda Q at a rate of 500 liters per second and Soda V at a rate of 300 liters per second. If twice as many bottles of Soda V as of Soda Q are filled at the factory each day, what is the ratio of the volume of a bottle of Soda Q to a bottle of Soda V? A. 3/10 B. 5/6 C. 6/5 D. 8/3 E. 10/3 $Q:\,\,\,\,\frac{{500\,\,{\text{liters}}}}{{1\,\,{\text{second}}}}\,\,\,\,\,\,\,;\,\,\,\,\,\,\frac{{k\,\,{\text{bottles}}}}{{\left( {{\text{any}}\,\,{\text{time}}\,\,{\text{fixed,}}\,\,{\text{say}}} \right)\,\,\,\,1\,\,\,{\text{second}}}}$ $V:\,\,\,\,\frac{{300\,\,{\text{liters}}}}{{1\,\,{\text{second}}}}\,\,\,\,\,\,\,;\,\,\,\,\,\,\frac{{2k\,\,{\text{bottles}}}}{{\left( {{\text{same}}\,\,{\text{time}}\,\,{\text{fixed}}} \right)\,\,\,\,1\,\,\,{\text{second}}}}$ $? = \frac{{{\text{volume}}\,\,{\text{bottle}}\,\,Q}}{{{\text{volume}}\,\,{\text{bottle}}\,\,V}}$ (We could explore a particular case, say k=1, it doesn´t matter. We left "k" so that you will have a "better feeling" of the whole structure!) Let´s use UNITS CONTROL, one of the most powerful tools of our method! $Q:\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\frac{{500\,\,{\text{liters}}}}{{1\,\,{\text{second}}}}\,\,\,\left( {\frac{{1\,\,\,{\text{second}}}}{{\,k\,\,{\text{bottles}}\,}}\,\,\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} \nearrow \\ \nearrow \end{array}} \right)\,\,\, = \,\,\,\frac{{500\,\,\,{\text{liters}}}}{{k\,\,\,{\text{bottles}}}} = \frac{{\frac{{500}}{k}\,\,\,{\text{liters}}}}{{1\,\,\,{\text{bottle}}}}$ $V:\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\frac{{300\,\,{\text{liters}}}}{{1\,\,{\text{second}}}}\,\,\,\left( {\frac{{1\,\,\,{\text{second}}}}{{\,2k\,\,{\text{bottles}}\,}}\,\,\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} \nearrow \\ \nearrow \end{array}} \right)\,\,\, = \,\,\,\frac{{300\,\,\,{\text{liters}}}}{{2k\,\,\,{\text{bottles}}}} = \frac{{\frac{{150}}{k}\,\,\,{\text{liters}}}}{{1\,\,\,{\text{bottle}}}}$ Obs.: arrows indicate licit converters. $? = \frac{{\,\,\,\frac{{500}}{k}\,\,\,}}{{\frac{{150}}{k}}} = \frac{{50}}{{15}} = \frac{{10}}{3}$ This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method. Regards, Fabio. _________________ Fabio Skilnik :: GMATH method creator ( Math for the GMAT) English-speakers :: https://www.gmath.net Portuguese-speakers :: https://www.gmath.com.br ### GMAT/MBA Expert GMAT Instructor Joined 25 Apr 2015 Posted: 2012 messages Followed by: 14 members Upvotes: 43 BTGmoderatorLU wrote: Source: Manhattan Prep Working continuously 24 hours a day, a factory bottles Soda Q at a rate of 500 liters per second and Soda V at a rate of 300 liters per second. If twice as many bottles of Soda V as of Soda Q are filled at the factory each day, what is the ratio of the volume of a bottle of Soda Q to a bottle of Soda V? A. 3/10 B. 5/6 C. 6/5 D. 8/3 E. 10/3 Let the volume of a bottle of Soda Q be q and the volume of a bottle of Soda V be v. Note that if twice as many bottles of Soda V are filled each day, the same must be true for the number of bottles filled each second; so we will compare those quantities instead. In one second, 500/q bottles of Soda Q and 300/v bottles of Soda V are filled. Thus, we can create the equation: 2 x 500/q = (300/v) Multiplying both sides of the equation by q/300, we have: 1000/300 = q/v q/v = 10/3 Answer: E _________________ Scott Woodbury-Stewart Founder and CEO • Magoosh Study with Magoosh GMAT prep Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Free Veritas GMAT Class Experience Lesson 1 Live Free Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • 5 Day FREE Trial Study Smarter, Not Harder Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • FREE GMAT Exam Know how you'd score today for$0

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