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Usage of THAT and -ing

This topic has 1 expert reply and 0 member replies
eshh Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
08 Aug 2017
Posted:
2 messages

Usage of THAT and -ing

Post Sat Aug 12, 2017 6:32 am
Hi,

I have one question regarding the usage of THAT and -ing to introduce a modifier. Let's say we have the following:
1) "With A, B, and C that are/is bla bla bla"
2) "With A, B, and C being bla bla bla"

In both cases, "bla bla bla" would modify all A, B and C or only C?

Thanks in advance.

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GMAT/MBA Expert

Post Sun Aug 20, 2017 11:22 am
In both of these cases, it would be implied that the [blah blah blah] modifier was referring to A, B, and C.

Take for example #110 in OG 13/2015:

Quote:
Published in Harlem, the owner and editor of the Messenger were two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Phillip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader.

A. Published in Harlem, the owner and editor of the Messenger were two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Phillip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader.
B. Published in Harlem, two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Phillip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, were the owner and editor of the Messenger.
C. Published in Harlem, the Messenger was owned and edited by two young journalists, A. Phillip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, and Chandler Owen.
D. The Messenger was owned and edited by two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Phillip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, and published in Harlem.
E. The owner and editor being two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Phillip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, the Messenger was published in Harlem.
OA: C

Here, it's understood that the "who would..." clause is modifying both men in the original, but this is illogical. The correct answer rearranges the clause to modify only A. Phillip Randolph.

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