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A

B

C

D

E

## Global Stats

Difficult

Because there are provisions of the new maritime
code that provide that even tiny islets can be the
basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large
sea areas, they have already stimulated international
disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A) Because there are provisions of the new maritime
code that provide that even tiny islets can be the
basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of
large sea areas, they have already stimulated

(B) Because the new maritime code provides that
even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the
fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has

(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the
fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under
provisions of the new maritime code, already
stimulating

(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for
claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea
areas under provisions of the new maritime

(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for
claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea
areas under provisions of the new maritime

PLease explain the technique applied. OA is B

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First Elimination

C - The placement of 'under provisions…' improperly modifies areas.

Second Elimination

D - 'This' has no clear referent.

Third Elimination

E - 'There are provisions of the new maritime code that' is wordy

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### GMAT/MBA Expert

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Quote:
Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A)Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated

(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated

(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oilfields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating

(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oilfields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated

(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating
In A, they lacks a clear antecedent.
Eliminate A.

A COMMA + VERBing modifier serves to express an action attributed to the preceding SUBJECT.
In C, stimulating seems to refer to islets -- the subject of the preceding clause -- implying that the ISLETS are stimulating international disputes.
The intended meaning of the sentence is that the MARITIME CODE is stimulating international disputes.
Eliminate C.

In D, this lacks a clear antecedent.
Eliminate D.

E lacks a subject. The result is an incomplete sentence.
Eliminate E.

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Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
07 Oct 2014
Posted:
107 messages
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Quote:
Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A)Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated

(B) Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated

(C) Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oilfields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating

(D) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oilfields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated

(E) Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating
In A, they lacks a clear antecedent.
Eliminate A.

A COMMA + VERBing modifier serves to express an action attributed to the preceding SUBJECT.
In C, stimulating seems to refer to islets -- the subject of the preceding clause -- implying that the ISLETS are stimulating international disputes.
The intended meaning of the sentence is that the MARITIME CODE is stimulating international disputes.
Eliminate C.

In D, this lacks a clear antecedent.
Eliminate D.

E lacks a subject. The result is an incomplete sentence.
Eliminate E.

Hi Mitch,

B also says that it's the code that's stimulating the disputes. Isn't it..?

Thanks,
Mallika

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mallika hunsur wrote:
Hi Mitch,

B also says that it's the code that's stimulating the disputes. Isn't it..?

Thanks,
Mallika
Correct.
The default referent for a subject pronoun is the PRECEDING SUBJECT.
B: Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims, it has already stimulated international disputes.
Here, it (subject pronoun) serves to refer to the new maritime code (the preceding subject).
Conveyed meaning:
The new maritime code has already stimulated international disputes.

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