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100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS Earn 10 Points Per Post Earn 10 Points Per Thanks Earn 10 Points Per Upvote ## Three pipes P, Q, and R are attached to a tank. P and Q indi ##### This topic has 1 expert reply and 1 member reply ### Top Member ## Three pipes P, Q, and R are attached to a tank. P and Q indi ## Timer 00:00 ## Your Answer A B C D E ## Global Stats Difficult Three pipes P, Q, and R are attached to a tank. P and Q individually can fill the tank in 3 hours and 4 hours respectively, while R can empty the tank in 5 hours. P is opened at 10 am and Q is opened at 11 am, while R is kept open throughout. If the tank was initially empty, approximately at what earliest time it will be full if P or Q cannot be opened together and each of them needs to be kept closed for at least 15 minutes after they have been opened for 1 hour? A. 4:30pm B. 6:00pm C. 6:30pm D. 8:30pm E. 9:30pm OA C Source: e-GMAT ### Top Member Legendary Member Joined 29 Oct 2017 Posted: 962 messages Followed by: 4 members Top Reply Let total capacity of the tank be = 60 liters. P's one hour work = 60/3 = +20 litres/hour Q's one hour work = 60/4 = +15 litres/hour R's one hour work = 60/5 = -12 litres/hour We would require P to work for a maximum time as P+R work = 8 l/hour which is higher than Q+R = 3 l/hour. P would work for 1 hour remain closed for 15 minutes when Q will work and the P will resume. Q+R 15 minute work = 3/4 =0.75 litres/hour tank filled in 1 hour 15 minutes (75 minutes) = 8.75 litres. Number of such cycles required = 60/8.75 = 6000/875 Minutes required = 6000*75/875 Hours required = 6000*75/(875*60) = 8.5 hours approx Thus 10:00 AM + 8.5 hours = 6:30 PM ### GMAT/MBA Expert GMAT Instructor Joined 25 May 2010 Posted: 15348 messages Followed by: 1864 members Upvotes: 13060 GMAT Score: 790 Top Reply BTGmoderatorDC wrote: Three pipes P, Q, and R are attached to a tank. P and Q individually can fill the tank in 3 hours and 4 hours respectively, while R can empty the tank in 5 hours. P is opened at 10 am and Q is opened at 11 am, while R is kept open throughout. If the tank was initially empty, approximately at what earliest time it will be full if P or Q cannot be opened together and each of them needs to be kept closed for at least 15 minutes after they have been opened for 1 hour? A. 4:30pm B. 6:00pm C. 6:30pm D. 8:30pm E. 9:30pm Let the tank = 60 liters. Since P takes 3 hours to fill the 60-liter tank, P's rate = 60/3 = 20 liters per hour. Since Q takes 4 hours to fill the 60-liter tank, Q's rate = 60/4 = 15 liters per hour. Since R takes 5 hours to empty the 60-liter tank, R's rate = -(60/5) = -12 liters per hour. Since R works to EMPTY the tank, R's rate is negative. To MINIMIZE the time required to fill the tank, we must MAXIMIZE the time for P, since P's input rate is greater than Q's input rate. Since P must close for 1/4 hour after each hour of work, P's time will be maximized if -- over a 5-hour period -- P works for 4 hours and takes 4 quarter-hour breaks, with Q working for 1/4 hour during each break. Thus, the input rate for each 5-hour period = (4 hours of work for P) + (1 hour of work for Q) - (5 hours of work for R) =(4âˆ-20) + (1âˆ-15) - (5âˆ-12) = 35 liters for every 5 hours of work. Since the volume increases by 35 liters every 5 hours, the hourly rate â‰ˆ 35/5 â‰ˆ 7 liters per hour. (The hourly rate is an approximation because it increases when P works but decreases when Q works.) Since the hourly rate is about 7 liters per hour, the approximate time to fill the 60-liter tank â‰ˆ 60/7 â‰ˆ 8.5 hours. 10am + about 8.5 hours â‰ˆ 6:30pm. The correct answer is C. _________________ Mitch Hunt Private Tutor for the GMAT and GRE GMATGuruNY@gmail.com If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "UPVOTE" icon. Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance. For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com. Student Review #1 Student Review #2 Student Review #3 Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now. • FREE GMAT Exam Know how you'd score today for$0

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