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The value of a share was 25% less in the 2nd quarter over

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The value of a share was 25% less in the 2nd quarter over

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The value of a share was 25% less in the 2nd quarter over the 1st quarter, and 20% more in the 3rd quarter over the 2nd quarter. What should be the percentage change in the value from 3rd to 4th quarter, if the percentage increase of the value from 1st to 4th quarter is 20%?

A. -33.3%
B. -20%
C. 0
D. +20%
E. +33.3%

OA E

Source: e-GMAT

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BTGmoderatorDC wrote:
The value of a share was 25% less in the 2nd quarter over the 1st quarter, and 20% more in the 3rd quarter over the 2nd quarter. What should be the percentage change in the value from 3rd to 4th quarter, if the percentage increase of the value from 1st to 4th quarter is 20%?

A. -33.3%
B. -20%
C. 0
D. +20%
E. +33.3%
We can let the first quarter value = n. Therefore,

2nd quarter is 0.75n and 3rd quarter is 0.75n x 1.2 = 0.9n.

We need the 4th quarter to be 1.2n.

So let’s determine what percent increase we need from the 3rd to the 4th quarter.

0.9n * (100 + x)/100 = 1.2n

9(100 + x)/100 = 12

900 + 9x = 1200

9x = 300

x = 33.3

Alternate Solution:

Let’s assume that the value of a share in Q1 was 100. After a 25% decrease, the value in Q2 was (100)(0.75) = 75. Then, in Q3, the share increased by 20%, so its value at the end of Q3 was (75)(1.2) = 90.

The desired value for the share for Q4 is 20% more than its value in Q1, which is (100)(1.2) = 120. We need to determine the percent increase needed from Q3 (90) to Q4(120).

Using the percent increase formula (New - Old)/Old x 100, we have:

(120 - 90)/90 x 100 = 30/90 x 100 = 1/3 x 100 = 33.3%.

Answer: E

_________________

Scott Woodbury-Stewart
Founder and CEO
scott@targettestprep.com



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BTGmoderatorDC wrote:
The value of a share was 25% less in the 2nd quarter over the 1st quarter, and 20% more in the 3rd quarter over the 2nd quarter. What should be the percentage change in the value from 3rd to 4th quarter, if the percentage increase of the value from 1st to 4th quarter is 20%?

A. -33.3%
B. -20%
C. 0
D. +20%
E. +33.3%
Let the 1st-quarter value = 100.
Since 2nd-quarter value is 25% less, the 2nd-quarter value = 100 - (25% of 100) = 100 - 25 = 75.
Since the 3rd-quarter value is 20% more than the 2nd-quarter value, the 3rd-quarter value = 75 + (20% of 75) = 75 + 15 = 90.
Since the 4th-quarter value must equal 120 -- 20% more than the 1st-quarter value -- the percent increase from the 3rd quarter (90) to the 4th quarter (120) = increase/smaller * 100 = (120-90)/90 * 100 = 1/3 * 100 = 33.33%.

The correct answer is E.

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