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The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its e

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The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has
B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer
C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having
D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having
E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have

OA: E

What's wrong with options B and D? Can any experts help?

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by Ali Tariq » Tue Feb 06, 2018 7:59 am
ardz24 wrote:The Life and Casualty Company hopes that by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has to use its profits and capital to pay those claims bit by bit, year by year.

A) that it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and no longer has
B) enough has been set aside with which environmental claims can be paid and it will have no longer
C) it has set aside enough for payment of environmental claims and thus no longer having
D) enough has been set aside to pay for environmental claims, thus no longer having
E) it has set aside enough to pay for environmental claims and will no longer have

OA: E

What's wrong with options B and D? Can any experts help?
by increasing its environmental fund revenues to $1.2 billion, is an initial modifier that contains by ving and pronoun its.

Thus, by ving(increasing) and its refer to the subject of the clause.
it, which refers to The Life and Casualty Comapany, is an appropriate subject whereas enough (money) is not.

Further, passive construction in B and D is also problematic as it changes the meaning .

B and D) enough has been set aside [by whom? (no mentions )]
E) It has set aside enough [ who?( The Life and Casualty Comapany)]
Thus, the two are not same.
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