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## The largest of all the planets

tagged by: Marty Murray

This topic has 1 expert reply and 4 member replies
gmatdriller Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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#### The largest of all the planets

Fri Jul 31, 2015 3:05 am
The largest of all the planets, not only is Jupiter three times so massive as
Saturn, the next larger
planet, but also possesses four of the largest
satellites, or moons, in our solar system.

A: not only is Jupiter three times so massive as Saturn, the next larger
B: not only is Jupiter three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
C: Jupiter, not only three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
D: Jupiter not only is three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
E: Jupiter is not only three times so massive as Saturn, the next larger

Pls explain especially options C & D

### Top Member

deloitte247 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
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Sun Mar 11, 2018 12:36 am
Option B is the correct answer because the conjunction "as" is correctly used to make the comparison between the planet Saturn and Jupiter

Option A is wrong because the conjunction "so" is incorrectly used in place of "as"
Although , option C has an accurate sentence structure, starting the phrase with Jupiter requires a comma which causes a break in the sentence flow.
Option D is wrong because the phrase is incorrectly ordered
Option E is wrong because the conjunction "so" is incorrectly used in place of "as"

### GMAT/MBA Expert

Brent@GMATPrepNow GMAT Instructor
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Tue Mar 06, 2018 9:20 am
gmatdriller wrote:
The largest of all the planets, not only is Jupiter three times so massive as
Saturn, the next larger
planet, but also possesses four of the largest
satellites, or moons, in our solar system.

A: not only is Jupiter three times so massive as Saturn, the next larger
B: not only is Jupiter three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
C: Jupiter, not only three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
D: Jupiter not only is three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
E: Jupiter is not only three times so massive as Saturn, the next larger

Pls explain especially options C & D
Important: When a sentence begins with a with noun modifier, stop at the comma and ask the question that the modifier raises

So, once we read, The largest of all the planets, we should stop and ask . . .

"What is the largest of all the planets?"

If the sentence is properly constructed, the part that immediately follows the comma will answer that question in a logical manner.

A: not only is....
No good.
ELIMINATE A

B: not only is....
No good.
ELIMINATE B

C: Jupiter
So, JUPITER is the largest of all the planets.
Makes sense.
KEEP C

D: Jupiter
Makes sense.
KEEP D

E: Jupiter
Makes sense.
KEEP E

We're left with C, D and E
Next we should recognize the correlative [size=150]not only X but also Y[/size]
For this correlative, the parts that follows NOT ONLY and BUT ALSO must be parallel

Let's check the remaining answer choices....

C: Jupiter, NOT ONLY three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest planet, BUT ALSO possesses four of the largest satellites
three times as massive as Saturn is not parallel with possesses four of the largest satellites
three times as massive as Saturn is just a verb-less phrase, whereas possesses four of the largest satellites begins with the verb POSSESSES
ELIMINATE C

D: Jupiter NOT ONLY is three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest planet, BUT ALSO possesses four of the largest satellites
Here we have parallel structure
In both parts, we have the form: VERB followed by other words (IS three times as... & POSSESSES four of.....)
KEEP D for now

E: Jupiter is NOT ONLY three times so massive as Saturn, the next larger planet, BUT ALSO possesses four of the largest satellites
three times as massive as Saturn is just a verb-less phrase, whereas possesses four of the largest satellites begins with the verb POSSESSES
ELIMINATE E

By the process of elimination, the correct answer is D

Cheers,
Brent

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Marty Murray Legendary Member
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Fri Jul 31, 2015 5:53 am
gmatdriller wrote:
The largest of all the planets, not only is Jupiter three times so massive as
Saturn, the next larger
planet, but also possesses four of the largest
satellites, or moons, in our solar system.

A: not only is Jupiter three times so massive as Saturn, the next larger
This one is straightforwardly incorrect as it incorrectly uses so rather than the idiomatically correct as...as. Also, next larger does not make sense. Let me get this straight. Jupiter is the largest, and Saturn is the next larger? Larger than what?

Quote:
B: not only is Jupiter three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
This leaves the modifier The largest of all the planets dangling. Does it modify Jupiter? Also what follows not only is not parallel to what follows but also. Simplified we get not only is Jupiter...but also possesses. Clearly that does not work.

Quote:
C: Jupiter, not only three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
The modifier is next to and clearly modifies Jupiter now, but a verb is missing. We have two parts that need to be parallel, not only... and but also... The sentence is constructed in such a way as to have a verb in the but also part, creating but also possesses. So you need something parallel to that after not only, something with a verb. You don't have to be all that mechanical about figuring this out. Just notice that Jupiter is doing something, "possesses", in the second part, and so the first part, which has no verb, does not really work with the second part.

Quote:
D: Jupiter not only is three times as massive as Saturn, the next largest
This is it. Jupiter is next to the modifier, and as...as is correctly used. Then we see that the construction Jupiter not only is...but also possesses works.

Quote:
E: Jupiter is not only three times so massive as Saturn, the next larger
This one is a mess. First the use of so...as is not idiomatic. Even if you don't catch that, the expression next larger does not make sense. Finally, not only three times is not parallel to but also possesses.

Choose D.

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gmatdriller Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Sat Aug 01, 2015 8:27 am

Crystal W Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Thu Mar 17, 2016 8:30 am
The explanation is really detailed. I have a small function about the next largest planet, what's function of this phrase in the sentence?

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