Christopher Columbus.......

This topic has expert replies
Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Posts: 106
Joined: 22 May 2008
Thanked: 3 times

Christopher Columbus.......

by EricLien9122 » Fri Oct 24, 2008 8:06 am
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A). Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

B). Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

C). Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

D). Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

E). Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

OA: D

Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Posts: 259
Joined: 18 Jan 2007
Thanked: 16 times
by amitabhprasad » Fri Oct 24, 2008 9:22 am
Problems with original sentence
1) "X" rather then "Y", needs "X" and "Y" to be parall
2) Use of "If" normally in GMAT "If" is used to introduce conditional clause.

Both these issues is taken care in "D"

Legendary Member
Posts: 708
Joined: 01 Jun 2008
Location: USA
Thanked: 13 times
Followed by:1 members
by niraj_a » Fri Oct 24, 2008 9:24 am
D

eliminate C and E because GMAT likes rather than better than instead of

eiminiate A nd B because have been is needed due to the ongoing nature of the sentence meaning. A and B also change the sentence meaning, making it sound like it was the king and queen, not Columbus, who chose not to accept.

Legendary Member
Posts: 541
Joined: 31 May 2007
Location: UK
Thanked: 21 times
Followed by:3 members
GMAT Score:680
by rohangupta83 » Sat Oct 25, 2008 1:38 am
you can also eliminate A,B and E because they use 'IF' instead of 'WHETHER'.

If is used only to introduce a conditional clause as correctly pointed out by amitabhprasad.

imo D

Legendary Member
Posts: 2134
Joined: 20 Oct 2008
Thanked: 237 times
Followed by:25 members
GMAT Score:730
by logitech » Sat Oct 25, 2008 1:45 am
. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west...

Dont you guys this there is problem with the form of verb ACCEPT ? Could you please explain the X rather than Y parallelism here.

Cheers!

Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Posts: 106
Joined: 22 May 2008
Thanked: 3 times
by EricLien9122 » Sat Oct 25, 2008 12:20 pm
logitech basically point out my main concern for this question (Thank god I am not the only one, haha). If this question and answer are correct according to GMAC too, then how should I apply the parallelism rules, and how far should I go? Please share your thoughts.

Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
Posts: 48
Joined: 28 Sep 2008
Location: Miami, FL
Thanked: 2 times
Followed by:1 members
GMAT Score:760
by praneeth » Fri Nov 07, 2008 9:31 pm
EricLien9122 wrote:logitech basically point out my main concern for this question (Thank god I am not the only one, haha). If this question and answer are correct according to GMAC too, then how should I apply the parallelism rules, and how far should I go? Please share your thoughts.
To quote MGMAT's explanation: This choice uses the construction “X rather than Y” to correctly compare the parallel active verbs “accept” and “sailed.” The uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west is correctly indicated by the word “whether.”

I do think that although the clauses are parallel they are not very "logically" parallel, maybe that doesn't matter for X Rather than Y.

Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Posts: 377
Joined: 03 Sep 2008
Thanked: 15 times
Followed by:2 members
by schumi_gmat » Sat Nov 08, 2008 10:07 am
Rather than X than Y

X and Y has to be parallel.

In A
X = Christopher was sent by King..........Rather than accept.......

In D,

Christoper sail to the west.......rather than accept........

I hope this helps

Legendary Member
Posts: 683
Joined: 22 Jul 2008
Location: Dubai
Thanked: 73 times
Followed by:2 members
by mals24 » Sat Nov 08, 2008 11:52 am
Well I eliminated A, B & E since the pronoun 'he' has two antecedents, the king and Columbus.

Since no one really pointed this point out I want to check is this reasoning right???

Legendary Member
Posts: 940
Joined: 26 Aug 2008
Thanked: 55 times
Followed by:1 members

IMO D

by iamcste » Sat Nov 08, 2008 3:37 pm
On the basis of

1. Rather than is preferred over Instead of

2. Whether is preferred over if

All options except D get eliminated....

GMAT Instructor
Posts: 15521
Joined: 25 May 2010
Location: New York, NY
Thanked: 13060 times
Followed by:1896 members
GMAT Score:790
by GMATGuruNY » Thu Jul 26, 2012 8:25 am
EricLien9122 wrote:Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A). Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

B). Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

C). Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

D). Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

E). Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

OA: D

If serves to express a CONDITION; whether serves to express ALTERNATIVES.
The intended meaning here is to express alternatives: Columbus could reach India OR he couldn't.
Eliminate A, B and E.

The only difference between C and D is instead of accepting versus rather than accept.
To express PREFERENCE, rather than is better than instead of.
The intended meaning here seems to be that Columbus did not want to accept the conventional wisdom; he PREFERRED to sail west.
Thus, rather than seems more appropriate here.
The good news is that GMAC will never force us to make such a decision: on the GMAT, either C or D would have a clear-cut error that would knock one of them out.

Here, instead of accepting and rather than accept each serve as a MODIFIER of the main body of the sentence.
Accepting is a GERUND; accept is the BARE INFINITIVE form of to accept (to accept without the TO).
It is not necessary that either verb form be parallel with the verb in the main body of the sentence (sailed).
Check here for an OA from GMATPrep in which the gerund in the modifier is not parallel with the verb in the main body of the sentence:

https://www.beatthegmat.com/diesel-engin ... 88260.html
Mitch Hunt
Private Tutor for the GMAT and GRE
[email protected]

If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "UPVOTE" icon.

Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.