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100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS Earn 10 Points Per Post Earn 10 Points Per Thanks Earn 10 Points Per Upvote ## SC - Verb tense and Amount ##### This topic has 1 expert reply and 11 member replies ## SC - Verb tense and Amount A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes. (A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump (B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping (C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump (D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump (E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities _________________ Regards, Karthik The source of the questions that i post from JUNE 2013 is from KNEWTON ---If you find my post useful, click "Thank" --- ---Never stop until cracking GMAT--- Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 20 Apr 2012 Posted: 123 messages Followed by: 1 members Upvotes: 29 karthikpandian19 wrote: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes. (A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump (B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping (C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump (D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump (E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities A) Correct; 'reduced' is in simple past tense and 'had been allowed' is in past perfect which correctly shows that the 2 events are related to each other. B) Incorrect; usage of tenses is not correct and usage of 'phosphate amount' is also incorrect C) Incorrect; usage of tenses is not correct and usage of 'phosphate amount' is also incorrect D) Incorrect; usage of tenses is not correct E) Incorrect; usage of tenses is not correct ### GMAT/MBA Expert GMAT Instructor Joined 21 May 2012 Posted: 646 messages Followed by: 143 members Upvotes: 322 Point to consider: Did the agreement concern the amounts after 1972 or could it reduce the amounts of phosphates (...) before 1972? _________________ Kasia Senior Instructor Master GMAT - the #1 rated GMAT course â€¢ If you found my post helpful, please click the "thank" button and/or follow me. â€¢ Take a 7 day free trial and find out why Economist GMAT is the highest rated GMAT course - https://gmat.economist.com/ â€¢ Read GMAT Economist reviews - https://reviews.beatthegmat.com/economist-gmat/economist-gmat-course Free 7-Day Test Prep with Economist GMAT Tutor - Receive free access to the top-rated GMAT prep course including a 1-on-1 strategy session, 2 full-length tests, and 5 ask-a-tutor messages. Get started now. Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 20 Apr 2012 Posted: 123 messages Followed by: 1 members Upvotes: 29 Kasia@MasterGMAT wrote: Point to consider: Did the agreement concern the amounts after 1972 or could it reduce the amounts of phosphates (...) before 1972? The agreement reduced the amount of phosphates which was allowed to be dumped not the amount of phosphates itself. Hope I am correct. Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 14 Jun 2008 Posted: 215 messages Followed by: 1 members Upvotes: 13 Test Date: Nov 2011 Target GMAT Score: 780 Kasia@MasterGMAT wrote: Point to consider: Did the agreement concern the amounts after 1972 or could it reduce the amounts of phosphates (...) before 1972? I think it should be D. since the agreement reduced the amount of phosphate allowed after 1972. _________________ If my post helped you- let me know by pushing the thanks button. Thanks Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Joined 04 Nov 2011 Posted: 82 messages Followed by: 2 members In my opinion the answer is A, That is, reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 22 Feb 2012 Posted: 307 messages Upvotes: 12 Test Date: 2012 Target GMAT Score: 800 GMAT Score: 700 Good problem! IMO D Legendary Member Joined 20 May 2008 Posted: 1404 messages Followed by: 2 members Upvotes: 18 why "amount of phosphates" is correct? I think "number of phosphates" is correct. Pls, explain. Thank you. Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 14 Jun 2008 Posted: 215 messages Followed by: 1 members Upvotes: 13 Test Date: Nov 2011 Target GMAT Score: 780 whats the OA ? _________________ If my post helped you- let me know by pushing the thanks button. Thanks Legendary Member Joined 03 Nov 2011 Posted: 1665 messages Followed by: 70 members Upvotes: 165 Target GMAT Score: 750 OA is D 1947 wrote: whats the OA ? _________________ Regards, Karthik The source of the questions that i post from JUNE 2013 is from KNEWTON ---If you find my post useful, click "Thank" --- ---Never stop until cracking GMAT--- Last edited by karthikpandian19 on Wed Jun 06, 2012 8:45 pm; edited 1 time in total Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 15 Feb 2012 Posted: 109 messages Followed by: 2 members Upvotes: 8 karthikpandian19 wrote: OA is A 1947 wrote: whats the OA ? OA is not A Refer to OG 12 Sentence correction Q74 Correct OA D _________________ Ankita Legendary Member Joined 03 Nov 2011 Posted: 1665 messages Followed by: 70 members Upvotes: 165 Target GMAT Score: 750 I corrected my post....sorry about tht, got messed up with something else ankita1709 wrote: karthikpandian19 wrote: OA is A 1947 wrote: whats the OA ? OA is not A Refer to OG 12 Sentence correction Q74 Correct OA D _________________ Regards, Karthik The source of the questions that i post from JUNE 2013 is from KNEWTON ---If you find my post useful, click "Thank" --- ---Never stop until cracking GMAT--- Legendary Member Joined 03 Nov 2011 Posted: 1665 messages Followed by: 70 members Upvotes: 165 Target GMAT Score: 750 Quote: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes. (A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump (B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping (C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump (D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump (E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities OE is An agreement that occurred in 1972 is correctly described with the past tense verb reduced. Since the dumping continued after the date of the agreement, the past perfect verb had been allowed should instead be the present are allowed (if the agreement remained in eff ect when the sentence was written) or the past were allowed (if the agreement was no longer in eff ect when the sentence was written). Since were allowed does not appear in any of the options, we can assume that the correct verb tense is are allowed. The phrase amount of phosphates is clear and idiomatically correct, whereas phosphate amount is not idiomatic A Had been allowed should be are allowed. B The phosphate amount should be the amount of phosphates; the omission of some form of allow is incorrect since the agreement changed not the amount dumped, but the amount permitted to be dumped. C Present tense reduces should be the past tense reduced; the phosphate amount should be the amount of phosphates; have been allowed should be are allowed. D Correct. Th e past tense reduced is correctly used in this sentence to describe a past action, and the present tense are allowed is used to describe the present situation. E Present tense reduces should be the past tense reduced; allowed for dumping is an incorrect idiom; allowed for dumping by municipalities is awkward _________________ Regards, Karthik The source of the questions that i post from JUNE 2013 is from KNEWTON ---If you find my post useful, click "Thank" --- ---Never stop until cracking GMAT--- • Free Practice Test & Review How would you score if you took the GMAT Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Free Trial & Practice Exam BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • 5-Day Free Trial 5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • 5 Day FREE Trial Study Smarter, Not Harder Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Free Veritas GMAT Class Experience Lesson 1 Live Free Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Get 300+ Practice Questions 25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Magoosh Study with Magoosh GMAT prep Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • 1 Hour Free BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Award-winning private GMAT tutoring Register now and save up to$200

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