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Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to

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Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to

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Source: Manhattan Prep

Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad dressing. If Larry has 8 cups of oil, 7 cups of vinegar, and access to any amount of water, what is the maximum number of cups of salad dressing he can make with the ingredients he has available, if fractional cup measurements are possible?

A. 12
B. 13
C. 14
D. 15
E. 16

The OA is E.

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BTGmoderatorLU wrote:
Source: Manhattan Prep

Oil, vinegar, and water are mixed in a 3 to 2 to 1 ratio to make salad dressing. If Larry has 8 cups of oil, 7 cups of vinegar, and access to any amount of water, what is the maximum number of cups of salad dressing he can make with the ingredients he has available, if fractional cup measurements are possible?

A. 12
B. 13
C. 14
D. 15
E. 16
Excellent opportunity for the k technique!
$$\left\{ \matrix{
\,{\rm{oil}} = 3k\,\,\,\,\,\, \to \,\,\,\,\,\,3k \le 8\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,k \le 2{2 \over 3} \hfill \cr
\,{\rm{vin}} = 2k\,\,\,\,\,\, \to \,\,\,\,\,\,2k \le 7\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,k \le 3{1 \over 2} \hfill \cr
\,{\rm{wat}} = k \hfill \cr} \right.$$
$$?\,\,:\,\,\left( {3k + 2k + k} \right)\,\,{\rm{where}}\,\,k = 2{2 \over 3}\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,? = 6\left( {2 + {2 \over 3}} \right) = 12 + 4 = 16$$

This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method.

Regards,
Fabio.

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