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OG CR: During the earliest period of industrialization in

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NandishSS Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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OG CR: During the earliest period of industrialization in

Post Fri Sep 16, 2016 10:19 pm

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During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engines were more expensive to build and operate than either windmills or water mills, the other practicable sources of power for factories. Yet despite their significant cost disadvantages, steam-powered factories were built in large numbers well before technical improvements brought their cost down. Furthermore, they were built even in regions where geographical conditions permitted the construction of wind- and water-powered factories close to major markets.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the proliferation of steam-powered factories during the earliest period of industrialization in Britain?

A) In many areas of Britain, there were fewer steam-powered factories than wind- or water-powered factories in the earliest period of industrialization.
B) Unlike wind- or water-powered factories, steam-powered factories were fueled with coal, which sometimes had to be transported significant distances from the mine to the site of the factory.
C) It was both difficult and expensive to convert a factory from wind power or water power to steam power.
D) In the early period of industrialization, many goods sold in towns and cities could not be mass-produced in factories.
E) In Britain, the number of sites where a wind or water-powered factory could be built was insufficient to provide for all of the demand for factory-produced goods at the time.

OA:E

Source:OG 2017.

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Post Tue Feb 28, 2017 5:54 pm
Bumping the thread for the experts review.

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crackverbal Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Post Tue Mar 07, 2017 7:23 am
The discrepancy is -

1. Steam engines were more expensive to build and operate than windmills or watermills
2. they were built in large numbers well before their costs were reduced by technical advancements. they were even built in regions where geographical conditions permitted construction of wind- and water-powered factories.

Option A - Incorrect.
Does not explain why steam engines were built in large numbers even though they were cost inefficient.

Option B - Incorrect.
Worsens the paradox by stating a significant cost disadvantage.

Option C - Incorrect.
Worsens the paradox. Does not tell us why steam engines were built in large numbers.

Option D - Incorrect.
Does not tell us why steam engines were built in large numbers.

Option E - Correct answer.
This explains why they were built in large numbers despite the significant cost disadvantages.

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