• examPAL
    Most awarded test prep in the world
    Now free for 30 days

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    examPAL
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep

OG 16 Q80 Network computers

This topic has 4 expert replies and 7 member replies
Neilsheth2 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
Joined
03 Jun 2012
Posted:
65 messages
Upvotes:
1

OG 16 Q80 Network computers

Post Fri Sep 18, 2015 2:01 am
80. Companies are relying more and more on networked computers for such critical tasks as inventory management, electronic funds transfer, and electronic data interchange, in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper.



(A) in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper


(B) where computers handle standard business transactions rather than on paper


(C) in which computers handle standard business transactions instead of on paper


(D) where standard business transactions are handled, not with paper, but instead via computer


(E) in which standard business transactions are being handled via computer, in place of on paper


The OA is A I need some help on the usage of Instead of vs Rather than . Is there any rule for these idioms?
Also in which= where ? Is it okay to use ?

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
hardwork Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
26 Oct 2016
Posted:
9 messages
Post Wed Oct 26, 2016 12:34 am
[quote="GMATGuruNY"]
richachampion wrote:
GMATGuruNY wrote:
A preposition must be followed by a NOUN serving as the OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION.
l
Can you please help me to understand the part in bold.

You mean to say that -
in place = preposition phrase
of on paper is also a prepositional phrase

Here prepositional phrase is modifying a prepositional phrase, Right? And this is a nonsensical as the object needs to be a noun for any prepositional phrase.p\
in place of -- the entire three-word phrase -- functions as a preposition.
This three-word phrase must be followed by a NOUN:
in place of THE BOOK
in place of THE TABLE
in place of JOHN.

in place of may not be followed by another prepositional phrase (such as on paper).

Quote:
In A, C, and E what is "in which" modifying is it Critical Tasks?

Thanks
Please read through the entire thread before posting a question.
In my second post above, I discuss the function of in which.
If the explanation in the second post is unclear to you, please ask your question with respect to the second post.[/quotP

Please help! If in place of is a preposition need a noun object, what about instead of? I think instead of is a preposition too. Why we just need to consider the parallelism? cold we delete this answer according to the same rule?

Another question please! Companies are relying more and more on networked computers (where computers handle standard business transactions )rather than on paper.Should we treat the where clause as a modifier, and then on network computers rather than on paper is parallel.
Thanks a lot!

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post Wed Oct 26, 2016 10:58 am
hardwork wrote:
Please help! If in place of is a preposition need a noun object, what about instead of? I think instead of is a preposition too.
instead of is a preposition and -- like in place of -- should be followed by a noun form.

Quote:
Another question please! Companies are relying more and more on networked computers (where computers handle standard business transactions )rather than on paper.Should we treat the where clause as a modifier, and then on network computers rather than on paper is parallel.
Thanks a lot!
B: Companies are relying more and more on networked computers for such critical tasks as inventory management, electronic funds transfer, and electronic data interchange, where computers handle standard business transactions rather than on paper.
Here, the portion in red is a NON-ESSENTIAL RELATIVE CLAUSE.
A prepositional phrase in a non-essential relative clause cannot be parallel with a prepositional phrase in a main clause.
Thus, on paper (a prepositional phrase in the non-essential relative where-clause) cannot be parallel with on networked computers (a prepositional phrase in the main clause).

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "UPVOTE" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.



Last edited by GMATGuruNY on Thu Oct 27, 2016 4:06 am; edited 1 time in total

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post Sun Sep 20, 2015 2:32 am
Neilsheth2 wrote:
80. Companies are relying more and more on networked computers for such critical tasks as inventory management, electronic funds transfer, and electronic data interchange, in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper.



(A) in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper


(B) where computers handle standard business transactions rather than on paper


(C) in which computers handle standard business transactions instead of on paper


(D) where standard business transactions are handled, not with paper, but instead via computer


(E) in which standard business transactions are being handled via computer, in place of on paper

where must serve to refer to a PHYSICAL PLACE.
In B and D, where cannot serve to refer to electronic data interchange.
Eliminate B and D.

X instead of Y must serve to connect PARALLEL FORMS.
C: computers handle standard business transactions instead of on paper.
Here, handle standard business transactions (verb + direct object) and on paper (modifier) are not parallel forms.
Eliminate C.

in place of is a PREPOSITION.
A preposition must be followed by a NOUN serving as the OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION.
E: in place of on paper
Here, on paper (modifier) cannot serve as the object of in place of.
Eliminate E.

The correct answer is A.

I discuss the difference between instead of and rather than in my second post here:
http://www.beatthegmat.com/someone-plz-explain-the-diff-b-w-rather-than-and-instead-of-t243049.html

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "UPVOTE" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
Neilsheth2 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
Joined
03 Jun 2012
Posted:
65 messages
Upvotes:
1
Post Sun Sep 20, 2015 2:48 am
Great Explanation !


Thank you so much.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
thang Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
31 Oct 2007
Posted:
111 messages
Upvotes:
11
Test Date:
May 2015
Target GMAT Score:
650
Post Wed Oct 21, 2015 12:29 am
it seems that gmat dose not test us to choose between instead of and rather than.
look for another error when you see split between two words.

for fun, I tell you the difference which is instead of is a preposition and conjunction and rather than is only conjunction.

preposition can be used before a noun. instead of learning gmat, I learn english
conjuction is used to connect two similar entities, two nouns, two clause, two verbs...

_________________
looking for the girl living in Bradford UK, visiting Halong bay, Vietnam on 26- 27 Jan 2014. all persons, pls, forward this message to all persons you know to help me find her: my email: usavictory47@gmail.com, call: 84904812758

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Smartbank Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
10 Feb 2016
Posted:
1 messages
Post Fri Aug 26, 2016 2:45 pm
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Neilsheth2 wrote:
80. Companies are relying more and more on networked computers for such critical tasks as inventory management, electronic funds transfer, and electronic data interchange, in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper.



(A) in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper


(B) where computers handle standard business transactions rather than on paper


(C) in which computers handle standard business transactions instead of on paper


(D) where standard business transactions are handled, not with paper, but instead via computer


(E) in which standard business transactions are being handled via computer, in place of on paper

where must serve to refer to a PHYSICAL PLACE.
In B and D, where cannot serve to refer to electronic data interchange.
Eliminate B and D.

X instead of Y must serve to connect PARALLEL FORMS.
C: computers handle standard business transactions instead of on paper.
Here, handle standard business transactions (verb + direct object) and on paper (modifier) are not parallel forms.
Eliminate C.

in place of is a PREPOSITION.
A preposition must be followed by a NOUN serving as the OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION.
E: in place of on paper
Here, on paper (modifier) cannot serve as the object of in place of.
Eliminate E.

The correct answer is A.

I discuss the difference between instead of and rather than in my second post here:
http://www.beatthegmat.com/someone-plz-explain-the-diff-b-w-rather-than-and-instead-of-t243049.html
Hi GMATGuru, could you help me explain what does "in which..." modify in the OA? "in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper " I understand why "where" is wrong but couldn't understand how does "in which" work here? Thanks!

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post Sat Aug 27, 2016 2:24 am
Smartbank wrote:
Hi GMATGuru, could you help me explain what does "in which..." modify in the OA? "in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper " I understand why "where" is wrong but couldn't understand how does "in which" work here? Thanks!
COMMA + PREPOSITION + which serves to refer to the nearest preceding noun.
Companies are relying more and more on networked computers for such critical tasks as inventory management, electronic funds transfer, and electronic data interchange, in which standard business transactions are handled via computer rather than on paper.
Here, which serves to refer to electronic data interchange (the nearest preceding noun).
The phrase in which is an ADVERB serving to modify are handled.
Conveyed meaning:
Standard business transactions are handled in electronic data interchange.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "UPVOTE" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
richachampion Legendary Member
Joined
21 Jul 2015
Posted:
698 messages
Followed by:
25 members
Upvotes:
32
Test Date:
∞ →
Target GMAT Score:
760
GMAT Score:
740
Post Sat Oct 15, 2016 11:42 pm
GMATGuruNY wrote:
A preposition must be followed by a NOUN serving as the OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION.
l
Can you please help me to understand the part in bold.

You mean to say that -
in place = preposition phrase
of on paper is also a prepositional phrase

Here prepositional phrase is modifying a prepositional phrase, Right? And this is a nonsensical as the object needs to be a noun for any prepositional phrase.

In A, C, and E what is "in which" modifying is it Critical Tasks?

Thanks

_________________
R I C H A,
My GMAT Journey: 470 → 720 → 740
Target Score: 760+
richacrunch2@gmail.com
1. Press thanks if you like my solution.
2. Contact me if you are not improving. (No Free Lunch!)

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post Sun Oct 16, 2016 3:52 am
richachampion wrote:
GMATGuruNY wrote:
A preposition must be followed by a NOUN serving as the OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION.
l
Can you please help me to understand the part in bold.

You mean to say that -
in place = preposition phrase
of on paper is also a prepositional phrase

Here prepositional phrase is modifying a prepositional phrase, Right? And this is a nonsensical as the object needs to be a noun for any prepositional phrase.p\
in place of -- the entire three-word phrase -- functions as a preposition.
This three-word phrase must be followed by a NOUN:
in place of THE BOOK
in place of THE TABLE
in place of JOHN.

in place of may not be followed by another prepositional phrase (such as on paper).

Quote:
In A, C, and E what is "in which" modifying is it Critical Tasks?

Thanks
Please read through the entire thread before posting a question.
In my second post above, I discuss the function of in which.
If the explanation in the second post is unclear to you, please ask your question with respect to the second post.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "UPVOTE" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
hardwork Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
26 Oct 2016
Posted:
9 messages
Post Wed Oct 26, 2016 5:32 pm
GMATGuruNY wrote:
hardwork wrote:
Please help! If in place of is a preposition need a noun object, what about instead of? I think instead of is a preposition too.
instead of is a preposition and -- like in place of -- should be followed by a noun form.

Quote:
Another question please! Companies are relying more and more on networked computers (where computers handle standard business transactions )rather than on paper.Should we treat the where clause as a modifier, and then on network computers rather than on paper is parallel.
Thanks a lot!
B: Companies are relying more and more on networked computers for such critical tasks as inventory management, electronic funds transfer, and electronic data interchange, where computers handle standard business transactions rather than on paper.
Here, the portion in red is a NON-ESSENTIAL MODIFIER.
A prepositional phrase in a non-essential modifier cannot be parallel with a prepositional phrase in a main clause.
Thus, on paper (a prepositional phrase in the non-essential where-clause) cannot be parallel with on networked computers (a prepositional phrase in the main clause).
Thanks for your quick reply! Your answers inspire me to think deeper. If the part in non-essential modifier could not parallel to the part in main clause,what about answer D"where standard business transactions are handled, not with paper, but instead via computer "? the not...but...instruction is not parallel, because"not but with"is set off by a pair of commas while"but instead via computer"seems to in the main clause.Is my understanding right? OR It is comma for us to ignore parenthesis when we analyse the sentence. We could just ignore the "not with paper"and then the" not...but.."construction is incomplete?


When I see"instead of"as a comparison marker next time, I need not to consider about the parallel if the preposition is followed by a not-noun word? That seems to be a quick split to solve problem.Could you tell me what is the property of "rather than",it seems that "rather than"can connect lots element.

Thanks in advance!
Best wishes!

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
hardwork Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
26 Oct 2016
Posted:
9 messages
Post Fri Oct 28, 2016 11:25 pm
GMATGuruNY wrote:
hardwork wrote:
Please help! If in place of is a preposition need a noun object, what about instead of? I think instead of is a preposition too.
instead of is a preposition and -- like in place of -- should be followed by a noun form.

Quote:
Another question please! Companies are relying more and more on networked computers (where computers handle standard business transactions )rather than on paper.Should we treat the where clause as a modifier, and then on network computers rather than on paper is parallel.
Thanks a lot!
B: Companies are relying more and more on networked computers for such critical tasks as inventory management, electronic funds transfer, and electronic data interchange, where computers handle standard business transactions rather than on paper.
Here, the portion in red is a NON-ESSENTIAL RELATIVE CLAUSE.
A prepositional phrase in a non-essential relative clause cannot be parallel with a prepositional phrase in a main clause.
Thus, on paper (a prepositional phrase in the non-essential relative where-clause) cannot be parallel with on networked computers (a prepositional phrase in the main clause).
Thanks GMATGuruNY Sir! Could you answer the question that is in my above post?

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

Best Conversation Starters

1 lheiannie07 112 topics
2 ardz24 71 topics
3 Roland2rule 69 topics
4 LUANDATO 53 topics
5 swerve 45 topics
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

Most Active Experts

1 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

154 posts
2 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

EMPOWERgmat

107 posts
3 image description Jeff@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

106 posts
4 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

98 posts
5 image description EconomistGMATTutor

The Economist GMAT Tutor

91 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts