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No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor

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No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor

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No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor, because sore throats will recover without medical
intervention. In recent years several cases of epiglottitis have occurred. Epiglottitis is a condition that begins
with a sore throat and deteriorates rapidly in such a way that the throat becomes quite swollen, thus restricting
breathing. Sometimes the only way to save a patient’s life in these circumstances is to insert a plastic tube into
the throat belowthe blockage so that the patient can breathe. It is highly advisable in such cases that sufferers
seek medical attention when the first symptoms occur, that is, before the condition deteriorates.
Which one of the following is the best statement of the flaw in the argument?

(A) The author draws a general conclusion on the basis of evidence of a particular instance.
(B) The author assumes that similar effects must have similar causes.
(C) The author uses a medical term, “epiglottitis,” and does not clarify its meaning.
(D) The author makes two claims that contradict each other.
(E) The author bases her conclusion at the end of the passage on inadequate evidence.

What is wrong with other Options?

OA D

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lheiannie07 wrote:
No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor, because sore throats will recover without medical
intervention. In recent years several cases of epiglottitis have occurred. Epiglottitis is a condition that begins
with a sore throat and deteriorates rapidly in such a way that the throat becomes quite swollen, thus restricting
breathing. Sometimes the only way to save a patient’s life in these circumstances is to insert a plastic tube into
the throat belowthe blockage so that the patient can breathe. It is highly advisable in such cases that sufferers
seek medical attention when the first symptoms occur, that is, before the condition deteriorates.
Which one of the following is the best statement of the flaw in the argument?

(A) The author draws a general conclusion on the basis of evidence of a particular instance.
(B) The author assumes that similar effects must have similar causes.
(C) The author uses a medical term, “epiglottitis,” and does not clarify its meaning.
(D) The author makes two claims that contradict each other.
(E) The author bases her conclusion at the end of the passage on inadequate evidence.

What is wrong with other Options?

OA D
The argument makes two claims:

Claim #1: Don't bother going to the doctor if you have a sore throat - it'll get better on its own.

Claim #2: If you have a particular kind of sore throat, you better go to the doctor, as you might die if you don't.

These two claims are not exactly compatible. The answer is D

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