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by mehrasa » Wed Oct 12, 2011 3:35 am
All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists.
From which of the following can the statement above be most properly inferred?
A. Except for Marx, if someone is an idealist philosopher, then he or she is
German.
B. Marx is the only non-German philosopher who is an idealist.
C. If a German is an idealist, then he or she is a philosopher, as long as he or
she is not Marx.
D. Marx is not an idealist German philosopher.
E. Aside from the philosopher Marx, if someone is a German philosopher, then
he or she is an idealist.


[spoiler]OA: E[/spoiler].. why d is wrong

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by shovan85 » Wed Oct 12, 2011 4:39 am
mehrasa wrote:All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists.
From which of the following can the statement above be most properly inferred?
A. Except for Marx, if someone is an idealist philosopher, then he or she is
German.
B. Marx is the only non-German philosopher who is an idealist.
C. If a German is an idealist, then he or she is a philosopher, as long as he or
she is not Marx.
D. Marx is not an idealist German philosopher.
E. Aside from the philosopher Marx, if someone is a German philosopher, then
he or she is an idealist.


[spoiler]OA: E[/spoiler].. why d is wrong
Consider that, you do not know who is Marx (if he is a German or Not) and you do not know what is the base for someone to be idealist. Now see between the two options you are getting confused with. I guess you can Infer the correct option now :)
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by sl750 » Wed Oct 12, 2011 6:55 am
mehrasa wrote:All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists.
From which of the following can the statement above be most properly inferred?
A. Except for Marx, if someone is an idealist philosopher, then he or she is
German.
B. Marx is the only non-German philosopher who is an idealist.
C. If a German is an idealist, then he or she is a philosopher, as long as he or
she is not Marx.
D. Marx is not an idealist German philosopher.
E. Aside from the philosopher Marx, if someone is a German philosopher, then
he or she is an idealist.


[spoiler]OA: E[/spoiler].. why d is wrong

D is wrong as the prompt says All German philosophers , except Marx are idealists. This means that Marx is a German philosopher but he is an exception to the rule

Choice E rephrases the prompt

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by boltu_gmat » Wed Oct 12, 2011 7:09 am
OptionD. Marx is not an idealist German philosopher. can mean ---- Marx may or may not be German.
Marx may or may not be a philosopher.


But "All German philosophers, except for Marx, are idealists. " -> says Marx is philosopher and a German.
We can not come to this conclusion with the info available in option D