• 7 CATs FREE!
    If you earn 100 Forum Points

    Engage in the Beat The GMAT forums to earn
    100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE

    Veritas Prep
    VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS
    Earn 10 Points Per Post
    Earn 10 Points Per Thanks
    Earn 10 Points Per Upvote
    REDEEM NOW

Lindsay can paint 1/x of a certain room in 20 minutes. What

This topic has 3 expert replies and 1 member reply

Lindsay can paint 1/x of a certain room in 20 minutes. What

Post

Timer

00:00

Your Answer

A

B

C

D

E

Global Stats

Difficult



Lindsay can paint 1/x of a certain room in 20 minutes. What fraction of the same room can Joseph paint in 20 minutes if the two of them can paint the room in an hour, working together at their respectives rates?

A. 1/3x
B. 3x/(x - 3)
C. (x - 3) / 3x
D. x / (x - 3)
E. (x - 3) / x

The OA is C.

Source: GMAT Prep

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post
Quote:
Lindsay can paint 1/x of a certain room in 20 minutes. What fraction of the same room can Joseph paint in 20 minutes if the two of them can paint the room in an hour, working together at their respectives rates?

A. 1/3x
B. 3x/(x - 3)
C. (x - 3) / 3x
D. x / (x - 3)
E. (x - 3) / x
Let the room = 20 units.
Let x = 4.

Since Lindsay paints 1/x of the room in 20 minutes -- the equivalent of 1/3 hour -- Lindsay's rate = (1/4) * 20 = 5 units per 1/3 hour = 15 units per hour.
Since Lindsay and Joseph paint the entire room in 1 hour, their combined rate = 20 units per hour.
Thus, Joseph's rate = (combined rate) - (Lindsay's rate) = 20-15 = 5 units per hour.

In 20 minutes -- the equivalent of 1/3 hour -- the amount of work produced by Joseph = r*t = 5 * (1/3) = 5/3 units.
Thus, the fraction painted by Joseph = (5/3)/20 = 1/12. This is the target.

Now plug x=4 into the answers to see which yields the target value of 1/12.
Only C works:
(x-3)/3x = (4-3)/(3*4) = 1/12.

The correct answer is C.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
Private Tutor for the GMAT and GRE
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com

If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "UPVOTE" icon.

Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.
Student Review #1
Student Review #2
Student Review #3



Last edited by GMATGuruNY on Sun Sep 30, 2018 9:48 am; edited 1 time in total

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
Post
$$In\ 20\ \min utes\ lindsay\ can\ paint\ \frac{1}{x}$$
$$In\ 60\ \min utes\ \left(1hr\right)lindsay\ can\ paint\ =\frac{\left(\frac{1}{x}\cdot\ 60\right)}{20}$$
$$=\frac{\left(\frac{60}{x}\right)}{20}$$
$$=\frac{60}{x}\cdot\frac{1}{20\ }=\frac{3}{x}in\ 60\ \min utes\ \left(1hour\right)$$
$$If\ lindsay\ can\ paint\ \frac{3}{x}part\ of\ the\ room\ in\ 1\ hour,\ let\ the\ remaining\ part\ of\ the\ room\ be\ =y.$$
Bearing in mind that Joseph paints the remaining pat of the room .
Therefore, Joseph can paint y in 60 minutes,
$$\frac{3}{x\ }+y=x\ \left(total\ room\right)$$
$$y\ =\ x-\frac{3}{x}$$
$$If\ Joseph\ work\ for\ 60\ \min utes\ =\ x-\frac{\left(3\right)}{x},\ then,$$
$$20\ \min utes\ =\ \frac{\left(\left(\frac{x}{1}-\frac{3}{x}\right)\cdot\frac{20}{1}\right)}{60}$$
$$=\ \frac{\left(\frac{x}{1}-\frac{3}{x}\right)}{3}\ =\ \left(\frac{x}{1}-\frac{3}{x}\right)\cdot\frac{1}{3}$$
$$\frac{\left(x-3\right)}{3x}$$

Option C is CORRECT.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post
swerve wrote:
Lindsay can paint 1/x of a certain room in 20 minutes. What fraction of the same room can Joseph paint in 20 minutes if the two of them can paint the room in an hour, working together at their respectives rates?

A. 1/3x
B. 3x/(x - 3)
C. (x - 3) / 3x
D. x / (x - 3)
E. (x - 3) / x

The OA is C.

Source: GMAT Prep
Given: Lindsay can paint 1/x of a certain room in 20 minutes
So, in 1 HOUR, Lindsay can paint 3/x of the room

Given: Lindsay and Joseph can paint the room in 1 HOUR.
During that one hour, Lindsay can paint 3/x of the room.
So, during that 1 HOUR, Joseph must paint the rest (whatever Lindsay did not paint)
So, during the 1 HOUR, the fraction of the room that Joseph paints = 1 - 3/x
= x/x - 3/x
= (x-3)/x

So, (x-3)/x = the fraction of the room that Joseph paints in one hour.
Since 20 minutes = 1/3 of an hour, Joseph can paint (1/3)[(x-3)/x] of the room in 20 minutes.
(1/3)[(x-3)/3x]
= (x-3)/3x

Answer: C

Cheers,
Brent

_________________
Brent Hanneson – Creator of GMATPrepNow.com
Use our video course along with Beat The GMAT's free 60-Day Study Guide

Sign up for our free Question of the Day emails
And check out all of our free resources

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
GMAT Prep Now's comprehensive video course can be used in conjunction with Beat The GMAT’s FREE 60-Day Study Guide and reach your target score in 2 months!
Post
swerve wrote:
Lindsay can paint 1/x of a certain room in 20 minutes. What fraction of the same room can Joseph paint in 20 minutes if the two of them can paint the room in an hour, working together at their respectives rates?

A. 1/3x
B. 3x/(x - 3)
C. (x - 3) / 3x
D. x / (x - 3)
E. (x - 3) / x
We are given that Lindsay can paint 1/x of a room in 20 minutes; thus, she can paint 3/x of a room in 60 minutes (or in 1 hour). Thus, her hourly rate is 3/x room/hr. We are also given that when she works with Joseph, they can paint the entire room in 1 hour. If we let total work = 1 and j = the number of hours it takes Joseph to paint the room by himself, then Joseph’s rate = 1/j room/hr. We can create the following equation and isolate j:

work of Lindsay + work of Joseph = 1

(3/x)(1) + (1/j)(1) = 1

3/x + 1/j = 1

Multiplying the entire equation by xj, we obtain:

3j + x = xj

x = xj - 3j

x = j(x - 3)

x/(x - 3) = j

Since j = x/(x - 3) and 1/j = Joseph’s rate, then Joseph’s rate, in terms of x, is (x - 3)/x.

Since 20 minutes = 1/3 of an hour, and since work = rate x time, Joseph can complete:

[(x - 3)/x](1/3) = (x - 3)/(3x) of the job in 20 minutes.

Alternate Solution:

Since Lindsay and Joseph, working together, can paint the entire room in 1 hour, then in 20 minutes, they can paint 1/3 of the room. If we let r be the fraction of the room that Joseph can paint in 20 minutes, then it must be true that:

1/x + r = 1/3

r = 1/3 - 1/x

r = x/(3x) - 3/(3x)

r = (x - 3)/(3x)

Answer: C

_________________
Scott Woodbury-Stewart Founder and CEO

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • The Princeton Review
    FREE GMAT Exam
    Know how you'd score today for $0

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    The Princeton Review
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh

Top First Responders*

1 fskilnik@GMATH 76 first replies
2 Brent@GMATPrepNow 52 first replies
3 Jay@ManhattanReview 46 first replies
4 GMATGuruNY 39 first replies
5 Rich.C@EMPOWERgma... 32 first replies
* Only counts replies to topics started in last 30 days
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members

Most Active Experts

1 image description fskilnik@GMATH

GMATH Teacher

198 posts
2 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

177 posts
3 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

134 posts
4 image description Max@Math Revolution

Math Revolution

92 posts
5 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

86 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts