• EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • examPAL
    Most awarded test prep in the world
    Now free for 30 days

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    examPAL

leaf cutters and most other ants in having nests...

This topic has 3 expert replies and 3 member replies
songqianru Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
21 Jul 2014
Posted:
10 messages

leaf cutters and most other ants in having nests...

Post Mon Aug 03, 2015 4:37 pm
Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, situated underground or in pieces of wood, raider ants make a portable nest by entwining their long legs to form "curtains" of ants that hang from logs or boulders, providing protection for the queen and the colony larvae and pupae.

(A) the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants
(B) the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, which are
(C) leaf cutters and most other ants, whose nests are
(D) leaf cutters and most other ants in having nests
(E) those of leaf cutters and most other ants with nests

I can correctly choose the answer choice C, but I cannot easily get rid of the choice D. Please someone could explain the answer D (according to the explanation from OG 16, the prepositional phrase in having nests suggests that it is raider ants, not leaf cutters and most other ants, that have nests situated underground or in pieces of wood; however, the rest of the sentence indicates that in fact raider ants’ nests are not situated in such locations.) I get confused, why does in having nests imply raider ants rather than leaf cutters and most other ants?

Thank you in advance.

Best

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
KngDi45 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
16 Sep 2016
Posted:
10 messages
Post Wed Nov 23, 2016 6:27 pm
GMATGuruNY wrote:
songqianru wrote:
But there is not any comma to separate in having nests from unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, should in having nests modify the closer preceding noun?

Thank you very much again.
Please revisit my post above, in which I have clarified the reasoning.
in + VERBing is an ADVERB.
An adverb cannot serve to modify a noun.
Thus, it is not possible for in having to serve to modify leaf cutters and most other ants (two nouns).
In D, the only eligible referent for in having is make -- the verb in the following clause.
Mr. Hunt--
Sorry to refresh this older topic. I understand that "in helping" would modify the word "make"; however, I'm a little more confused about "In + Verb-ing" serving the function as an adverbial modifier.

I always understood it that if you have a preposition immediately following a noun (as in "in" following "ants" in this circumstance) then that prepositional phrase would serve as a noun modifier for the previous noun.

Thanks in advance!

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post Sat Nov 26, 2016 10:57 am
KngDi45 wrote:
I always understood it that if you have a preposition immediately following a noun (as in "in" following "ants" in this circumstance) then that prepositional phrase would serve as a noun modifier for the previous noun.

Thanks in advance!
A prepositional phrase following a noun may or may not serve to modify the immediately preceding noun.

SC15 in the OG12:
Many regard the increase in credit card borrowing as a sign.
Here, in credit card borrowing is an adjective serving to modify the immediately preceding noun (the increase).
What KIND of increase?
An increase IN CREDIT CARD BORROWING.

SC5 in the OG12:
the wave that brought 12 million immigrants onto American shores
Here, onto American shores does not serve to modify the immediately preceding noun (immigrants).
We know from context that this prepositional phrase is an ADVERB serving to modify the preceding verb -- brought -- expressing WHERE 12 million immigrants were BROUGHT.
WHERE were 12 million immigrants brought?
They were brought ONTO AMERICAN SHORES.

To determine the function of a prepositional phrase, we must consider both position AND context.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "UPVOTE" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post Tue Aug 04, 2015 7:28 am
songqianru wrote:
I cannot easily get rid of the choice D. Please someone could explain the answer D (according to the explanation from OG 16, the prepositional phrase in having nests suggests that it is raider ants, not leaf cutters and most other ants, that have nests situated underground or in pieces of wood; however, the rest of the sentence indicates that in fact raider ants’ nests are not situated in such locations.) I get confused, why does in having nests imply raider ants rather than leaf cutters and most other ants?
in + VERBing is an ADVERB.
Generally, in + VERBing serves to modify the VERB IN THE FOLLOWING CLAUSE.
D: In having nests, situated underground or in pieces of wood, raider ants make a portable nest.
Here, in having seems to modify make -- the action performed by raider ants.
Since a VERBing modifier implies CONCURRENT action, the following meaning is conveyed:
When raider ants MAKE A PORTABLE NEST, they are simultaneously HAVING NESTS SITUATED UNDERGROUND OR IN PIECES OF WOOD.
This meaning is nonsensical.
Eliminate D.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "UPVOTE" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.



Last edited by GMATGuruNY on Thu Aug 06, 2015 2:03 am; edited 1 time in total

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
songqianru Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
21 Jul 2014
Posted:
10 messages
Post Wed Aug 05, 2015 2:20 pm
But there is not any comma to separate in having nests from unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, should in having nests modify the closer preceding noun?

Thank you very much again.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post Thu Aug 06, 2015 2:11 am
songqianru wrote:
But there is not any comma to separate in having nests from unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, should in having nests modify the closer preceding noun?

Thank you very much again.
Please revisit my post above, in which I have clarified the reasoning.
in + VERBing is an ADVERB.
An adverb cannot serve to modify a noun.
Thus, it is not possible for in having to serve to modify leaf cutters and most other ants (two nouns).
In D, the only eligible referent for in having is make -- the verb in the following clause.

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "UPVOTE" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Free GMAT Practice Test How can you improve your test score if you don't know your baseline score? Take a free online practice exam. Get started on achieving your dream score today! Sign up now.
songqianru Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
21 Jul 2014
Posted:
10 messages
Post Thu Aug 06, 2015 3:51 pm
Ya, I got your point. Thank you very much for your explanation

Best, Song

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

Best Conversation Starters

1 lheiannie07 108 topics
2 Roland2rule 63 topics
3 ardz24 63 topics
4 LUANDATO 50 topics
5 AAPL 42 topics
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members...

Most Active Experts

1 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

152 posts
2 image description Jeff@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

106 posts
3 image description Rich.C@EMPOWERgma...

EMPOWERgmat

104 posts
4 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

96 posts
5 image description Max@Math Revolution

Math Revolution

87 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts