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In the figure above, what is the area of region PQRST ?

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In the figure above, what is the area of region PQRST ?

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In the figure above, what is the area of region PQRST ?

(1) PQ = RS
(2) PT = QT

C

Source: Official Guide 2020

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Hi All,

We're asked for the area of region PQRST. This question is based around a couple of Geometry rules. To properly find the area, we can break this shape into 2 pieces (a rectangle and a triangle), so we need to know the dimensions of the rectangle and the exact type of triangle - since we have one of the sides, we either need the 3 angles or the 2 missing sides - to calculate the overall area.

(1) PQ = RS

With the information in Fact 1, we know that the width of the rectangle is 6 and one of the two missing triangle sides is also 6. Along with the diagonal of the rectangle, we can now calculate its length (it's 8, since we have a 6/8/10 right triangle in the rectangle) but without the 3rd side of the triangle (or its 3 angles), we cannot calculate that other area.
Fact 1 is INSUFFICIENT

(2) PT = QT

The information in Fact 2 tells us that the triangle is either Isosceles or Equilateral, but we still do not know enough to determine its area and we don't know the length or width of the rectangle, so we cannot determine its area either.
Fact 2 is INSUFFICIENT

Combined, we know...
PQ = RS
PT = QT

With both Facts, we know that the triangle's sides are 6/6/6, so it's Equilateral and we can calculate its area. We also know the area of the rectangle (it's 6x8 = 48), so we CAN determine the area of PQRST.
Combined, SUFFICIENT

Final Answer: C

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

_________________
Contact Rich at Rich.C@empowergmat.com

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