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In a certain office, the ratio of men to women is 3/4.

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In a certain office, the ratio of men to women is 3/4.

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In a certain office, the ratio of men to women is 3/4. If 10 men were added to the office, the ratio of men to women would be 7/6. How many men and women total are currently in the office?

A. 18
B. 24
C. 28
D. 42
E. 52

OA=D

Source: Princeton Review

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Gmat_mission wrote:
In a certain office, the ratio of men to women is 3/4. If 10 men were added to the office, the ratio of men to women would be 7/6. How many men and women total are currently in the office?

A. 18
B. 24
C. 28
D. 42
E. 52

OA=D

Source: Princeton Review
In a certain office, the ratio of men to women is 3/4.
This tells us that, out of EVERY 7 people in the office, 3 are men and 4 are women.
It also tells us that the TOTAL number of men and women currently in the office is divisible by 7
When we check the answer choices, we see that A, B and E are NOT divisible by 7
So, we can ELIMINATE A, B and E

Now that we have just 2 answer choices remaining, we can just TEST the 2 remaining answer choices...

If 10 men were added to the office, the ratio of men to women would be 7/6.
This tells us that the NEW number of men and women in the office is divisible by 13 [since 7+6 = 13]
Let's check the REMAINING answer choices.

C) 28
When we add 10 to 28, we get 38
Since 38 is NOT divisible by 13, we can ELIMINATE C

D) 42
When we add 10 to 42, we get 52, which IS divisible by 13

Answer: D

Cheers,
Brent

_________________
Brent Hanneson – Creator of GMATPrepNow.com
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Gmat_mission wrote:
In a certain office, the ratio of men to women is 3/4. If 10 men were added to the office, the ratio of men to women would be 7/6. How many men and women total are currently in the office?

A. 18
B. 24
C. 28
D. 42
E. 52

OA=D

Source: Princeton Review
Another approach:

Let M = number of men CURRENTLY in the office
Let W = number of women CURRENTLY in the office

In a certain office, the ratio of men to women is CURRENTLY 3/4.
We can write: M/W = 3/4
Cross multiply to get: 4M = 3W
Rewrite as: 4M - 3W = 0

If 10 men were added to the office, the ratio of men to women would be 7/6
So, M+10 = number of men HYPOTHETICALLY in the office
We can write: (M + 10)/W = 7/6
Cross multiply to get: 6(M + 10) = 7W
Expand left side to get: 6M + 60 = 7W
Rewrite as: 6M - 7W = -60


How many men and women total are CURRENTLY in the office?
We have the following system of equations:
4M - 3W = 0
6M - 7W = -60

Take the TOP equation and multiply both sides by 3.
Take the BOTTOM equation and multiply both sides by 2.
We get:
12M - 9W = 0
12M - 14W = -120

Subtract bottom equation from top equation to get: 5W = 120
Solve: W = 120/5 = 24
So, there are CURRENTLY 24 women

To find the value of M, plug W = 24 into any equation.
Take 4M = 3W and replace W with 24 to get: 4M = 3(24)
Solve: M = 18
So, there are CURRENTLY 18 men


The TOTAL number of people CURRENTLY in the office = 24 + 18 = 42

Answer: D

Cheers,
Brent

_________________
Brent Hanneson – Creator of GMATPrepNow.com
Use my video course along with Beat The GMAT's free 60-Day Study Guide

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$$The\ ratio\ of\ men\ to\ women\ =>3:4\ =>\frac{3}{4}$$
$$If\ 10\ men\ were\ added\ ,\ ratio\ of\ men\ to\ women\ =>7:6$$
$$And\ the\ total\ number\ of\ men\ and\ omen\ working\ in\ the\ office\ is\ \frac{\left(3x+10\right)}{4x}=\frac{7}{6}$$
$$Therefore,\ \frac{\left(3x+10\right)}{4x}=\frac{7}{6}$$
$$6\left(3x+10\right)=4x\cdot7$$
$$18x+60=28x$$
$$60=28x-18x$$
$$60=10x$$
$$x=6$$
$$So,\ total=7x=7\cdot6=42\ \ \ \ \ OPTION\ D$$

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Gmat_mission wrote:
In a certain office, the ratio of men to women is 3/4. If 10 men were added to the office, the ratio of men to women would be 7/6. How many men and women total are currently in the office?

A. 18
B. 24
C. 28
D. 42
E. 52

OA=D

Source: Princeton Review
We can let 3x = the number of men and 4x = the number of women currently in the office. Thus we have:

(3x + 10)/4x = 7/6

6(3x + 10) = 7(4x)

18x + 60 = 28x

60 = 10x

6 = x

So there are 18 men and 24 women, or a total of 42 men and women in the office.

Answer: D

_________________

Scott Woodbury-Stewart
Founder and CEO
scott@targettestprep.com



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