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In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have

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In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have

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In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed to found new businesses.

A. who have
B. with
C. having
D. who are those with
E. who are the ones to have

OA: A.

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Hello!

Let's break down what is wrong with each of the incorrect answers:

In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed to found new businesses.

A. who have
This one is correct because it's telling us young people have this particular quality without being overly wordy.

B. with
By changing it to "with," we now have a sentence fragment. If you read it aloud, you'll find yourself wanting to know more information to complete the thought. Young people with these qualities do....what??

C. having
This is also a sentence fragment. What happens as a result of young people "having" these qualities? The sentence doesn't just state that young people have these things, but that there is some effect we need to talk about.

D. who are those with
This is redundant because it uses both "who" and "those," where only one of them is necessary.

E. who are the ones to have
Again, this is redundant. You don't need to say "who" and "the ones" to make your point. They both essentially mean the same thing.

I hope this helps! I'm available if you'd like any follow up.

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Bumping for experts POE

Source: Verbal Review 18

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Source: Verbal Review 18[/quote]A.correct.Lets hold on on to it and look to other choices for POE.
B.young people lacks a verb
C.that it is young people (having...describing young people) lacks a verb .
Note needed is acting as a modifier here and not VERB.
D.wordy..twice young people are refrred with who and those..
E.same as D
Note:(Some extra information for opton B)
For option B
with acts as a prepositional phrase..and here it is modifying young people..
So it reads as
...young people (extra information )the contempt of risk and vvv success needed...

For example...
The people (needed to finish the task) are on leave.
here needed --is modifier...(we dont know the doer of action needed)
Subject --people
Verb --are..

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Option A seems close to the answer but i will prefer Option D as the correct answer because it properly link the two parts of the sentence- the object (young people) and a description of the object ("the contempt ans risk..."). This is done with the combination of pronouns and conjunctions.
Option B is wrong because because a preposition is used in place of a conjunction.
Option C is wrong as the continuous tense of the verb "have" disagrees with the tense of the initial verb -"...Adam smith wrote..." which is clearly past.
Option E is equally wrong since "who are the ones to have " represents a future tense which again disagrees with the tense of the first verb which is past.

Therefore, with the explanation above, i can confidently say option D is the correct answer

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