• NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    Hundreds of Questions Highly Detailed Reporting Expert Explanations TAKE A FREE GMAT QUIZ
  • 7 CATs FREE!
    If you earn 100 Forum Points

    Engage in the Beat The GMAT forums to earn
    100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE

    Veritas Prep
    VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS
    Earn 10 Points Per Post
    Earn 10 Points Per Thanks
    Earn 10 Points Per Upvote
    REDEEM NOW

If y is 80% greater than x, than x is what % less than y?

This topic has 3 expert replies and 0 member replies

If y is 80% greater than x, than x is what % less than y?

Post
If y is 80% greater than x, than x is what % less than y?

(A) 20
(B) 25
(C) 33 1/3
(D) 44 4/9
(E) 80

OA: D

Experts, please share an approach in solving this problem. Thank you

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Legendary Member
Joined
14 Jan 2015
Posted:
2667 messages
Followed by:
122 members
Upvotes:
1153
GMAT Score:
770
Post
ardz24 wrote:
If y is 80% greater than x, than x is what % less than y?

(A) 20
(B) 25
(C) 33 1/3
(D) 44 4/9
(E) 80

OA: D

Experts, please share an approach in solving this problem. Thank you
We could pick a simple number for x. Say x = 100. If y is 80% greater, y = 180. Now we want to know how much less 100 is than 180.

If we plug our values into our trusty % change = (New-Old)/Old * 100 formula, we get (180-100)/180 = 80/180 = (4/9) * 100 = 44.44%. The answer is D

(And once we see that we need to find 80/180, it's clear that 80 is too big, as that would be 80/100, and 33 1/3 is too small, as that would be 60/180, so we can derive that the answer must be D without doing the math. )

_________________
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor

Veritas Prep Reviews
Save $100 off any live Veritas Prep GMAT Course

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Enroll in a Veritas Prep GMAT class completely for FREE. Wondering if a GMAT course is right for you? Attend the first class session of an actual GMAT course, either in-person or live online, and see for yourself why so many students choose to work with Veritas Prep. Find a class now!

GMAT/MBA Expert

Elite Legendary Member
Joined
23 Jun 2013
Posted:
10197 messages
Followed by:
496 members
Upvotes:
2867
GMAT Score:
800
Post
Hi ardz24,

This question is perfect for TESTing VALUES (the approach used by David). You can also approach it algebraically (although either way you will also need to use the Percentage Change Formula).

We're told that Y is 80% greater than X....
Y = 1.8X

We're asked what percent LESS is X than Y, so we're asked to compare X to 1.8X

Percent Change = (Difference)/(Original) = .8X/1.8X = 8X/18X = 8/18 = 4/9 = 44 4/9%

Final Answer: D

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

_________________
Contact Rich at Rich.C@empowergmat.com

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Post
ardz24 wrote:
If y is 80% greater than x, than x is what % less than y?

(A) 20
(B) 25
(C) 33 1/3
(D) 44 4/9
(E) 80
We can create the following equation:

y = 1.8x

Thus:

(x - y)/y * 100 = (x - 1.8x)/1.8x * 100 = -0.8x/1.8x * 100 = -8/18 * 100 = -4/9 * 100 = -44 4/9

We see that x is 44 4/9 percent less than y.

Answer: D

_________________

Scott Woodbury-Stewart
Founder and CEO
scott@targettestprep.com



See why Target Test Prep is rated 5 out of 5 stars on BEAT the GMAT. Read our reviews

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • The Princeton Review
    FREE GMAT Exam
    Know how you'd score today for $0

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    The Princeton Review

Top First Responders*

1 Brent@GMATPrepNow 41 first replies
2 Ian Stewart 37 first replies
3 Jay@ManhattanReview 32 first replies
4 GMATGuruNY 26 first replies
5 Scott@TargetTestPrep 14 first replies
* Only counts replies to topics started in last 30 days
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members

Most Active Experts

1 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

199 posts
2 image description Max@Math Revolution

Math Revolution

92 posts
3 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

74 posts
4 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

45 posts
5 image description Ian Stewart

GMATiX Teacher

43 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts