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If three different integers are selected at random from the

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If three different integers are selected at random from the

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If three different integers are selected at random from the integers 1 through 8, what is the probability that the three selected integers can be the side lengths of a triangle?

A. 11/28
B. 27/56
C. 1/2
D. 4/7
E. 5/8

OA=A

Source: Manhattan GMAT

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VJesus12 wrote:
If three different integers are selected at random from the integers 1 through 8, what is the probability that the three selected integers can be the side lengths of a triangle?

A. 11/28
B. 27/56
C. 1/2
D. 4/7
E. 5/8

OA=A

Source: Manhattan GMAT
In order for the three numbers selected to be the side lengths of a triangle, we need the sum of the two smallest numbers to be greater than the largest number. Thus, we have:

2 + 3 > 4, 2 + 4 > 5, 2 + 5 > 6, 2 + 6 > 7, 2 + 7 > 8 --- (5 instances if the smallest number is 2)

3 + 4 > 5, 3 + 4 > 6, 3 + 5 > 6, 3 + 5 > 7, 3 + 6 > 7, 3 + 6 > 8, 3 + 7 > 8 --- (7 instances if the smallest is 3)

4 + 5 > 6, 4 + 5 > 7, 4 + 5 > 8, 4 + 6 > 7, 4 + 6 > 8, 4 + 7 > 8 --- (6 instances if the smallest is 4)

5 + 6 > 7, 5 + 6 > 8, 5 + 7 > 8 --- (3 instances if the smallest is 5)

6 + 7 > 8 --- (1 instance if the smallest is 6)

Therefore, there are a total of 5 + 7 + 6 + 3 + 1 = 22 sets of three distinct numbers that can be selected from the integers 1 through 8 that can be the side lengths of a triangle. Since the total number of ways of selecting 3 numbers from 8 is 8C3 = (8 x 7 x 6)/(3 x 2) = 56, the probability that the 3 numbers can be the side lengths of a triangle is 22/56 = 11/28.

Answer: A

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