If the capacity of tank X is less than the capacity of tank Y and both tanks begin to fill at the same time, which tank will be filled first?
(1) Tank X is filled at a constant rate of 1.5 liters per minute.
(2) Tank Y is filled at a constant rate of 120 liters per hour.
OA E
Source: GMAT Prep
If the capacity of tank X is less than the capacity of tank Y and both tanks begin to fill at the same time, which tank
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Given: The capacity of tank X is less than the capacity of tank Y and both tanks begin to fill at the same timeBTGmoderatorDC wrote: ↑Fri Feb 24, 2023 8:47 pmIf the capacity of tank X is less than the capacity of tank Y and both tanks begin to fill at the same time, which tank will be filled first?
(1) Tank X is filled at a constant rate of 1.5 liters per minute.
(2) Tank Y is filled at a constant rate of 120 liters per hour.
OA E
Source: GMAT Prep
Target question: Which tank will be filled first?
Statement 1: Tank X is filled at a constant rate of 1.5 liters per minute.
Since we have no information about the rate at which tank Y is filled, statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT
Statement 2: Tank Y is filled at a constant rate of 120 liters per hour.
Since we have no information about the rate at which tank X is filled, statement 2 is NOT SUFFICIENT
Statements 1 and 2 combined
Statement 1 tells us that tank X is filled at a constant rate of 1.5 liters per minute.
Statement 2 tells us that tank Y is filled at a constant rate of 120 liters per hour
In other words, tank Y is filled at a constant rate of 120 liters per 60 MINUTES
In other words, tank Y is filled at a constant rate of 2 liters per MINUTE
We can see that tank Y is filled at a faster rate that tank X is filled.
However, since tank Y has a greater volume that tank X, it's impossible to determine which tank gets filled first.
To better understand what I mean, consider these two possible cases:
Case a: Tank X holds 15 liters and tank Y holds 16 liters.
Time to fill a tank = (tank's volume)/(rate)
So, time to fill tank X = 15/1.5 = 10 hours
Time to fill tank Y = 16/2 = 8 hours
In this case, the answer to the target question is tank Y is filled first
Case b: Tank X holds 1.5 liters and tank Y holds 16 liters.
Time to fill a tank = (tank's volume)/(rate)
So, time to fill tank X = 1.5/1.5 = 1 hour
Time to fill tank Y = 16/2 = 8 hours
In this case, the answer to the target question is tank X is filled first
Since we cannot answer the target question with certainty, the combined statements are NOT SUFFICIENT
Answer: E
Cheers,
Brent