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GMAT Official Guide 2019 Last year a record number of

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GMAT Official Guide 2019 Last year a record number of

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Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created. Will this year bring another record? Well, any new manufacturing job is created either within an existing company or by the start-up of a new company. Within existing firms, new jobs have been created this year at well below last year’s record pace. At the same time, there is considerable evidence that the number of new companies starting up will be no higher this year than it was last year and there is no reason to think that new companies starting up this year will create more jobs per company than did last year's start-ups. Clearly, it can be concluded that the number of new jobs created this year will fall short of last year’s record.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first is presented as an obvious truth on which the argument is based; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
B) The first is presented as an obvious truth on which the argument is based; the second is a conclusion drawn in order to support the main conclusion of the argument.
C) The first and the second each provide evidence in support of the main conclusion of the argument.
D) The first is a generalization that the argument seeks to establish; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
E) The first is a generalization that the argument seeks to establish; the second is a conclusion that has been drawn in order to challenge that generalization.

A

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Option A - CORRECT.
The option best describe the reasoning in this argument. The first is presented as an obvious truth on which the argument is based. That is, the availability of new jobs at both new and existing organization last year was on the high side compared to this year's record. However, the second is the main conclusion of the argument, which is the uncertainty of availability of jobs within existing company and newly established company. Though this year's record of newly established organization is good but the creation of new jobs is uncertain.

Option B - INCORRECT.
The first is presented as an obvious truth on which the argument is based; the second is a conclusion drawn not to support the main conclusion of the argument, but rather presumes the possibility of the existence of the first.

Option C - INCORRECT.
This option is almost true but lacks evidence. The first is a fact that has existed, but the second provide prediction base on the fact gathered from the first in support of the main conclusion of the argument.

Option D - INCORRECT.
The first is a generalized fact that the argument seeks to establish, while the second is a generalization based as evidence to provide certainty of the main conclusion of the argument.

Option E - INCORRECT.
The first is a generalization that the argument seeks to establish; the second is a conclusion that has been drawn in order to ascertain the possibility of the generalization.

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