• NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    Hundreds of Questions Highly Detailed Reporting Expert Explanations TAKE A FREE GMAT QUIZ
  • 7 CATs FREE!
    If you earn 100 Forum Points

    Engage in the Beat The GMAT forums to earn
    100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE

    Veritas Prep
    VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS
    Earn 10 Points Per Post
    Earn 10 Points Per Thanks
    Earn 10 Points Per Upvote
    REDEEM NOW

George bought a large electronic item with a 15% off coupon

This topic has 3 expert replies and 0 member replies

George bought a large electronic item with a 15% off coupon

Post

Timer

00:00

Your Answer

A

B

C

D

E

Global Stats

Difficult



George bought a large electronic item with a 15% off coupon and paid a total bill. When he got outside, he studied the receipt and realize that he mistakenly had been given double the discount of the coupon, even though there was no double-coupon offer in effect that day. He went back inside and pointed this mistake out to the manager, offering to make the difference between what he paid and what he should have paid. The manager was so grateful for George's honesty that he allowed George to pay just half that difference, so George paid him $40.50. What was the original price of the item, before any coupons? Assume that there was no tax at all in this scenario.

A. $135
B. $270
C. $405
D. $540
E. $810

The OA is D

Source: Magoosh

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post
swerve wrote:
George bought a large electronic item with a 15% off coupon and paid a total bill. When he got outside, he studied the receipt and realize that he mistakenly had been given double the discount of the coupon, even though there was no double-coupon offer in effect that day. He went back inside and pointed this mistake out to the manager, offering to make the difference between what he paid and what he should have paid. The manager was so grateful for George's honesty that he allowed George to pay just half that difference, so George paid him $40.50. What was the original price of the item, before any coupons? Assume that there was no tax at all in this scenario.

A. $135
B. $270
C. $405
D. $540
E. $810

The OA is D

Source: Magoosh
George was SUPPOSED to receive a 15% discount, but he received a 30% discount.
So, he should have returned 15% of the original cost.
However, the manager asked for half that amount (i.e., 7.5% of the original cost)
In other words, 7.5% of the original cost = $40.50

IMPORTANT: at this point, we COULD divide $40.50 by 0.075 to determine the original cost.
HOWEVER, since the answer choices are quite spread apart, we can apply some logic and estimation to answer the question without resorting to long division. Here's what I mean:

7.5% of the original cost ≈ $40
So, 15% of the original cost ≈ $80
So, 45% of the original cost ≈ $240
So, 90% of the original cost ≈ $480

This means 100% of the original cost (aka the ORIGINAL COST Smile must be a little more than $480

Answer: D

Cheers,
Brent

_________________
Brent Hanneson – Creator of GMATPrepNow.com
Use my video course along with Beat The GMAT's free 60-Day Study Guide

Sign up for free Question of the Day emails
And check out all of these free resources

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
GMAT Prep Now's comprehensive video course can be used in conjunction with Beat The GMAT’s FREE 60-Day Study Guide and reach your target score in 2 months!

GMAT/MBA Expert

Elite Legendary Member
Joined
23 Jun 2013
Posted:
10197 messages
Followed by:
496 members
Upvotes:
2867
GMAT Score:
800
Most Active Expert
Post
Hi All,

We're told that George bought a large electronic item with a 15% off coupon and paid a total bill. When he got outside, he studied the receipt and realize that he mistakenly had been given DOUBLE the discount of the coupon, even though there was no double-coupon offer in effect that day. He went back inside and pointed this mistake out to the manager, offering to make the difference between what he paid and what he should have paid. The manager was so grateful for George's honesty that he allowed George to pay just half that difference, so George paid him $40.50. We're asked for the original price of the item, before any coupons? (and we're told to assume that there was no tax at all in this scenario). This question can be solved in a number of different ways, including by TESTing THE ANSWERS.

To start, since the end results of all of these math 'steps' is $40.50, it's likely that we're starting with a nice 'round' number, so the correct answer is probably NOT Answer A or Answer C. Let's TEST Answer D first:

Answer D: $540
IF... the original item cost $540...
then a 15% coupon would have saved George (.15)($540) = $81
and a 30% coupon would have saved George (.3)($540) = $162
The difference in those discounts = $162 - $81 = $81
HALF of that 'extra' discount = $81/2 = $40.50
This is an exact match for what we were told, so this must be the answer!

Final Answer: D

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

_________________
Contact Rich at Rich.C@empowergmat.com

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Post
swerve wrote:
George bought a large electronic item with a 15% off coupon and paid a total bill. When he got outside, he studied the receipt and realize that he mistakenly had been given double the discount of the coupon, even though there was no double-coupon offer in effect that day. He went back inside and pointed this mistake out to the manager, offering to make the difference between what he paid and what he should have paid. The manager was so grateful for George's honesty that he allowed George to pay just half that difference, so George paid him $40.50. What was the original price of the item, before any coupons? Assume that there was no tax at all in this scenario.

A. $135
B. $270
C. $405
D. $540
E. $810

The OA is D

Source: Magoosh
We can let the original price of the item = x dollars. After 15% off and had the sale been done correctly, George should have paid 0.85x dollars. However, because of the mistake, he received 30% off, so he actually paid 0.7x dollars. Therefore, the difference is 0.85x - 0.7x = 0.15x dollars, which he should pay back to the store. However, since the manager allowed him to pay half the difference, which amounts to $40.50, we can create the equation

½(0.15x) = 40.5

0.15x = 81

x = 81/0.15 = 540

Alternate Solution:

The $40.50 payment that George paid back to the store represents half of the 15% discount, which is 7.5%. Thus, if we let x = the original price of the item, we can create the following equation:

0.075x = 40.5

75x = 40,500

x = 540

Answer: D

_________________

Scott Woodbury-Stewart
Founder and CEO
scott@targettestprep.com



See why Target Test Prep is rated 5 out of 5 stars on BEAT the GMAT. Read our reviews

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • The Princeton Review
    FREE GMAT Exam
    Know how you'd score today for $0

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    The Princeton Review
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT

Top First Responders*

1 Ian Stewart 53 first replies
2 Brent@GMATPrepNow 36 first replies
3 Jay@ManhattanReview 29 first replies
4 GMATGuruNY 25 first replies
5 ceilidh.erickson 15 first replies
* Only counts replies to topics started in last 30 days
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members

Most Active Experts

1 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

199 posts
2 image description Max@Math Revolution

Math Revolution

90 posts
3 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

76 posts
4 image description Ian Stewart

GMATiX Teacher

62 posts
5 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

44 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts