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Ellipsis in comparison

This topic has 4 expert replies and 3 member replies

Ellipsis in comparison

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If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those in 1990, according to official projections.
A. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those
B. will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that

Correct ans is B
I want to know how the ellipsis works in B?
[/i]

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aflaam wrote:
I want to know how the ellipsis works in B?
B: Carbon emissions will soar to a level more than one-third higher than that in 1990.
Here, that serves to refer to level.
Implied comparison:
Carbon emissions will soar to a level more than one-third higher than the level in 1990.

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Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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Thanks for your reply Mitch,
but A also looks perfectly ok

If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those in 1990, according to official projections

If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were carbon emissions in 1990, according to official projections

emissions in 2010 compared with emissions in 1990
How can i decide that compared entities are levels and not carbon emissions ?

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aflaam wrote:
Thanks for your reply Mitch,
but A also looks perfectly ok

If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were those in 1990, according to official projections

If current trends continue, by the year 2010 carbon emissions in the United States will soar to a level more than one-third higher than were carbon emissions in 1990, according to official projections

emissions in 2010 compared with emissions in 1990
How can i decide that compared entities are levels and not carbon emissions ?
Only LIKE THINGS may be compared.
A LEVEL may be compared to another LEVEL.
EMISSIONS in one year may be compared to EMISSIONS in another year.
A LEVEL may not be compared to EMISSIONS.

A: a level more than one-third higher than...emissions
This comparison is illogical:
A LEVEL may not be compared to EMISSIONS.
Elininate A.

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GMATGuruNY wrote:
Only LIKE THINGS may be compared.
A LEVEL may be compared to another LEVEL.
EMISSIONS in one year may be compared to EMISSIONS in another year.
A LEVEL may not be compared to EMISSIONS.

A: a level more than one-third higher than...emissions
This comparison is illogical:
A LEVEL may not be compared to EMISSIONS.
Elininate A.
gmatguru,
don't get this clearly.

here "level" indicates the level of emissions. so, why can't we consider "level" to emissions itself ?

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ngk4mba3236 wrote:
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Only LIKE THINGS may be compared.
A LEVEL may be compared to another LEVEL.
EMISSIONS in one year may be compared to EMISSIONS in another year.
A LEVEL may not be compared to EMISSIONS.

A: a level more than one-third higher than...emissions
This comparison is illogical:
A LEVEL may not be compared to EMISSIONS.
Elininate A.
gmatguru,
don't get this clearly.

here "level" indicates the level of emissions. so, why can't we consider "level" to emissions itself ?
A level is a STATISTIC, whereas emissions are GASES.
It is illogical to compare a statistic to gases.
Eliminate A.

Only LIKE things may be compared:
ONE STATISTIC may be compared to ANOTHER STATISTIC.
EMISSIONS IN ONE YEAR may be compared to EMISSIONS IN ANOTHER YEAR.

In the OA, the level in 2010 is compared to the level in 1990.
This comparison is logical.

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Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Default Avatar
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can understand your point. but a doubt remains on the following aspect -
GMATGuruNY wrote:
EMISSIONS IN ONE YEAR may be compared to EMISSIONS IN ANOTHER YEAR.
when we say emissions in current year is higher than in last year , I guess, we mean that amount or volume or level of GASES is being compared. isn't so ?

if yes, then these are - amount or volume or level - themselves STATISTICS. so,in any way we're comparing STATISTICS in the above sentence as well.

then why we can't compare emissions to a level of emissions -- don't these two actually appear to be two STATISTICS ?

where I'm getting this wrong ? please clarify!

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ngk4mba3236 wrote:
can understand your point. but a doubt remains on the following aspect -
GMATGuruNY wrote:
EMISSIONS IN ONE YEAR may be compared to EMISSIONS IN ANOTHER YEAR.
when we say emissions in current year is higher than in last year ?
It is illogical to say that emissions were higher.
An emission is a GAS.
A gas cannot be high.
Incorrect: Carbon emissions in 2010 were higher than those in 1990.
Correct: The LEVEL of carbon emissions in 2010 was higher than THAT in 1990.

The following comparison is logical:
Carbon emissions in 2010 were far less damaging than those in 1990.
Here, GASES in 2010 are logically compared to GASES in 1990.

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