Confusion - Prononouns

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Confusion - Prononouns

by HarvardDreamin » Sun Mar 23, 2008 12:25 am
1) Many teenagrs undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than are those that boys experience

a) are those that boys experience
b) what boys experience
a) boys experience would
a) boys stress patterns do
a) stress patterns of boys


2) The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that
the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

a) the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent
b) the money be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
c) the money is to be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
d)local school districts are in control of the money, but it allows them to spend the money only
e) local school districts are to be in control of the money, but it can only spend it


Can anyone tell what the answers are and why ? What is the determining factor: clarity, avoiding redundancy or avoiding passive??
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by HarvardDreamin » Mon Mar 24, 2008 1:04 am
Any suggestions?
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by ritu_gmat » Tue Mar 25, 2008 11:19 am
IMO answers are
1) a
2)b

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by michelsmithm » Thu Mar 27, 2008 2:47 am
My answers:
1. a
2. c

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by camitava » Thu Mar 27, 2008 4:06 am
IMO - 1. A 2. A; HarvardDreamin, pls let us know the OAs!
Correct me If I am wrong


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by rajmirra » Thu Mar 27, 2008 8:32 am
1. A
2. B

The word demands that x be Y ... If that is true B might sound right. But later part of B seems awkward. Does the word 'it' refers to the administration? I am confused too. Any help is much apprecited.

Please let us know the OA.

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Re: Confusion - Prononouns

by AleksandrM » Thu Mar 27, 2008 9:43 am
HarvardDreamin wrote:1) Many teenagrs undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than are those that boys experience

a) are those that boys experience
b) what boys experience
a) boys experience would
a) boys stress patterns do
a) stress patterns of boys


2) The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that
the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

a) the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent
b) the money be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
c) the money is to be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
d)local school districts are in control of the money, but it allows them to spend the money only
e) local school districts are to be in control of the money, but it can only spend it


Can anyone tell what the answers are and why ? What is the determining factor: clarity, avoiding redundancy or avoiding passive??
In the first one, it seems as if E would be right, however the sentence is really discussing stress EXPERIENCE, not boys or girls, so ending the sentence in boys does not appear to be correct. So I would go with A, since I could not eliminate it (I was down to A or E).

For 2, I would go with B. "...money BE controlled by..." is less wordy and is therefore more concise than choice C. Also, if you look at the second part of both choices (part following comma) they are identical. E seems to say that the money is going to spend the school district. D messes up the tense completely. So I will have to go with B on that one.

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Re: Confusion - Prononouns

by xeqtr » Thu Mar 27, 2008 1:27 pm
I agree with 1)E and 2)B

1) the patterns of stress that girls experience.....more likely to result in depression than .... result in depression. when you see it like it, it seems obvious to me that the answer is E. since you compare "the results of" the patterns of stress of girls (yea weird expression) to "the results of" stress patterns of boys.. it may be D as well, "boys stress patterns do" but that just doesnt seem parallel to me with the patterns of stress of girls..not sure though..


2) "demand that x be" is the structure with subjunctive. so seems like B!

please let us know the QAs..
AleksandrM wrote:
HarvardDreamin wrote:1) Many teenagrs undergo stress, but results of a recent study indicate that the patterns of stress that girls experience are more likely to result in depression than are those that boys experience

a) are those that boys experience
b) what boys experience
a) boys experience would
a) boys stress patterns do
a) stress patterns of boys


2) The budget for education reflects the administration's demand that
the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent on teachers, not on books, computers, or other materials or activities.

a) the money is controlled by local school districts, but it can only be spent
b) the money be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
c) the money is to be controlled by local school districts, but it allows them to spend the money only
d)local school districts are in control of the money, but it allows them to spend the money only
e) local school districts are to be in control of the money, but it can only spend it


Can anyone tell what the answers are and why ? What is the determining factor: clarity, avoiding redundancy or avoiding passive??
In the first one, it seems as if E would be right, however the sentence is really discussing stress EXPERIENCE, not boys or girls, so ending the sentence in boys does not appear to be correct. So I would go with A, since I could not eliminate it (I was down to A or E).

For 2, I would go with B. "...money BE controlled by..." is less wordy and is therefore more concise than choice C. Also, if you look at the second part of both choices (part following comma) they are identical. E seems to say that the money is going to spend the school district. D messes up the tense completely. So I will have to go with B on that one.

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by michelsmithm » Sat Mar 29, 2008 3:16 am
It is 1.A, 2.B

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by HarvardDreamin » Mon Mar 31, 2008 2:11 pm
michelsmithm wrote:It is 1.A, 2.B
Correct on both counts. these questions are particularly tricky and would definitely appreciate an explanation
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by AGJAMESNEWYORK » Thu Apr 10, 2008 3:44 pm
Answers

1) The correct answer is A. We are comparing the stress patterns of girls to those of boys. In order to keep parallelism and to ensure we keep the comparison between the patterns of stress between girls and boys we need "those of" in the sentence.

All the other choices use faulty comparison.

2) The correct answer is B. Because the sentence used demand, the correct verb that completes the sentence is "be". All other choices use the wrong verb.

I hope this helps1

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by AGJAMESNEWYORK » Thu Apr 10, 2008 4:21 pm
By the way, sentence number 2 is in the subjunctive for, thus requiring the verb "be".