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Register now and save up to $200 Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Most awarded test prep in the world Now free for 30 days Available with Beat the GMAT members only code ## Analysis of Argument - Template - Premise or Assumption? This topic has 5 member replies John Faber Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Joined 19 Feb 2011 Posted: 7 messages Upvotes: 1 #### Analysis of Argument - Template - Premise or Assumption? Sat Feb 26, 2011 1:38 pm Hey guys, I used the template provided here: http://www.beatthegmat.com/argument-essay-template-if-anyone-wants-it-t38032.html a couple of times and I really really like it. However, I don't understand when do draw a distinction between premise and assumption. In general I understand what the difference is, just in the context of an analysis of an argument I don't. I am taking my test on Monday and I am going nuts here. Could somebody, maybe based on the very first Analysis of an Argument Statement on page 796 in the OG 12, explain me what the difference is? THANKS chojung Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Joined 08 Feb 2014 Posted: 1 messages Thu Apr 10, 2014 1:14 pm "All men are mortal, therefore Socrates is mortal" Premise: All men are mortal Assertion: Socrates is mortal Assumption: Socrates is a man (unstated condition) Ruca Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts Joined 09 Nov 2012 Posted: 11 messages Thu Nov 29, 2012 9:28 am I also have a problem understanding the difference between the two. Is there anyone who could explain? Thanks in advance navami Legendary Member Joined 20 Dec 2008 Posted: 540 messages Followed by: 6 members Upvotes: 37 Fri Mar 04, 2011 10:31 pm Assumption is information unstated that, when added to the premises, proves the conclusion. The assumption underlying a conditional statement is that the necessary condition must occur in order for the sufficient condition to occur. The assumption in these arguments always protects the necessary condition. Premise indicators: because since for for example for the reason that in that given that as indicated by due to owing to this can be seen from we know this by Furthermore Moreover Besides In addition Whatâ€™s more _________________ This time no looking back!!! Navami VivianKerr GMAT Instructor Joined 17 Dec 2010 Posted: 1035 messages Followed by: 364 members Upvotes: 474 Mon Mar 14, 2011 6:37 am I think of it like Evidence (stated facts) + Assumptions (unstated facts) = Conclusion. The assumptions are what need to be true in order for the given evidence to logically lead to the stated conclusion. _________________ Vivian Kerr GMAT Rockstar, Tutor https://www.GMATrockstar.com https://www.yelp.com/biz/gmat-rockstar-los-angeles Former Kaplan and Grockit instructor, freelance GMAT content creator, now offering affordable, effective, Skype-tutoring for the GMAT at$150/hr. Contact: GMATrockstar@gmail.com

Thank you for all the "thanks" and "follows"!

talueng Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts
Joined
09 Nov 2012
Posted:
15 messages
1
Mon Nov 12, 2012 4:49 am
I am opening this again because the replies above don't satisfy me. Can someone please elaborate the difference between a premise and an assumption?

Is it correct to say that a premise can be (but not necessarily has to be) an assumption made?

For instance, in:
"Since all men are mortal and Socrates is a man, Socrates is mortal."

The premises for the conclusion that Socrates is mortal is that "all men are mortal" and "Socrates is a man". While both are premises, the first premise, "all men are mortal" is an assumption.

In sum, a premise is a claim that is a reason for, or an objection against, a conclusion in an argument. A might be an assumption or be based on an assumption, but could as well be a fact or be based on a fact.

Please also clarify what a stimulus is in the context of an argument or passage to read.

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