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Among the largest of the flying squirrels is the Japanese gi

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Among the largest of the flying squirrels is the Japanese gi

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Among the largest of the flying squirrels is the Japanese giant flying squirrel , measuring two feet from the top of its head to the tip of its tail, with a wingspan of more than a foot and a half , and it weights up to five pounds.

a.measuring two feet from the top of its head to the tip of its tail, with a wingspan of more than a foot and a half , and it weights
b. measuring two feet from the top of its head to the tip of its tail , a wingspan of more than a foot and a half , and weighing
c. which measures two feet from the top of its head to the tip of its tail , its wingspan is more than a foot and a half , and weighing
d. which measures two feet from the top of its head to the tip of its tail , with a wingspan of more than a foot and a half , weighing
e. which measures two feet from the top of its head to the tip of its tail , has a wingspan of more than a foot and a half , and weighs

OA: E

What's wrong with options B and D

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GMAT/MBA Expert

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Our big issue here is that we have a list of three ideas that we want to be parallel. In E, this is done correctly:

Among the largest of the flying squirrels is the Japanese giant flying squirrel, which:
    measures two feet from the top of its head to the tip of its tail

    has a wingspan of more than a foot and a half

    weighs up to five pounds


In B, we have

Among the largest of the flying squirrels is the Japanese giant flying squirrel:
    measuring two feet from the top of its head to the tip of its tail

    a wingspan of more than a foot and a half

    weighing up to five pounds


This is not grammatical. The sentence would be grammatical if "a wingspan of more than a foot and a half" described "two feet from the top of its head to the tip of its tail", as in

Among the largest of the flying squirrels is the Japanese giant flying squirrel, :
    measuring two feet from the top of its head to the tip of its tail (a wingspan of more than a foot and a half)

    weighing up to five pounds


But wingspan is a measurement of wingtip to wingtip (or fingertip to fingertip) - not head to tail. So this meaning doesn't work.

In D, we have a similar issue - a list that isn't parallel

Among the largest of the flying squirrels is the Japanese giant flying squirrel, which:
    measures two feet from the top of its head to the tip of its tail

    with a wingspan of more than a foot and a half

    weighing up to five pounds

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This is a question based on parallelism.
A. “it weighs” is not parallel to “measuring”. So, A is out.
B. “a wingspan” doesn’t give a clear picture that flying squirrel has a wingspan.
C. “which measure”, “its wingspan” and “weighing” are not parallel.
D. “which measure”, “with a wingspan” and “weighing” are not parallel.
E. It has a complete parallel structure. Hence, E is the answer.

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