• NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    Hundreds of Questions Highly Detailed Reporting Expert Explanations TAKE A FREE GMAT QUIZ
  • 7 CATs FREE!
    If you earn 100 Forum Points

    Engage in the Beat The GMAT forums to earn
    100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE

    Veritas Prep
    VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS
    Earn 10 Points Per Post
    Earn 10 Points Per Thanks
    Earn 10 Points Per Upvote
    REDEEM NOW

A paint mixture was formed by mixing exactly 3 colors of

This topic has 2 expert replies and 0 member replies

A paint mixture was formed by mixing exactly 3 colors of

Post

Timer

00:00

Your Answer

A

B

C

D

E

Global Stats

Difficult



A paint mixture was formed by mixing exactly 3 colors of paint. By volume, the mixture was x% blue paint, y% green paint, and z% red paint. If exactly 1 gallon of blue paint and 3 gallons of red paint were used, how many gallons of green paint were used?

(1) x = y
(2) z = 60

D

Source: Official Guide 2020

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag

GMAT/MBA Expert

Post
AbeNeedsAnswers wrote:
A paint mixture was formed by mixing exactly 3 colors of paint. By volume, the mixture was x% blue paint, y% green paint, and z% red paint. If exactly 1 gallon of blue paint and 3 gallons of red paint were used, how many gallons of green paint were used?

(1) x = y
(2) z = 60

D

Source: Official Guide 2020
Target question: How many gallons of green paint were used?

Given: A paint mixture was formed by mixing exactly 3 colors of paint. By volume, the mixture was x% blue paint, y% green paint, and z% red paint. 1 gallon of blue paint and 3 gallons of red paint were used.
In other words, we have:
1 gallon of BLUE paint representing x% of the mixture
3 gallons of RED paint representing z% of the mixture
? gallons of GREEN paint representing y% of the mixture


Statement 1: x = y
In other words, BLUE paint and GREEN paint comprise the same PERCENTAGE of volume in the mixture
This means the volume of BLUE paint in the mixture = the volume of GREEN paint in the mixture
Since we know there's 1 gallon of BLUE paint in the mixture, we must also have 1 gallon of GREEN paint in the mixture
Since we can answer the target question with certainty, statement 1 is SUFFICIENT

Statement 2: z = 60
In other words, RED paint comprises 60% of the mixture
In other words, 3 gallons of RED paint = 60% of the mixture's TOTAL volume
It also means that 1 gallon of BLUE paint = 20% of the mixture's TOTAL volume
This means the REMAINING 20% of the mixture must be GREEN paint.
We already know that 1 gallon = 20% of the mixture
So, we must also have 1 gallon of GREEN paint in the mixture
Since we can answer the target question with certainty, statement 2 is SUFFICIENT

Answer: D

Cheers,
Brent

_________________
Brent Hanneson – Creator of GMATPrepNow.com
Use my video course along with Beat The GMAT's free 60-Day Study Guide

Sign up for free Question of the Day emails
And check out all of these free resources

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
GMAT Prep Now's comprehensive video course can be used in conjunction with Beat The GMAT’s FREE 60-Day Study Guide and reach your target score in 2 months!

GMAT/MBA Expert

Elite Legendary Member
Joined
23 Jun 2013
Posted:
10197 messages
Followed by:
496 members
Upvotes:
2867
GMAT Score:
800
Most Active Expert
Post
Hi All,

We're told that a paint mixture was formed by mixing exactly 3 colors of paint. By volume, the mixture was X% blue paint, Y% green paint, and Z% red paint and exactly 1 gallon of BLUE paint and 3 gallons of RED paint were used. We're asked for the number of gallons of green paint that were used. This question is built around 'System math' and has a great, built-in math shortcut that we can take advantage of....

To start, since there are only 3 colors in the mixture - and each color represents a certain percentage of the total, we can create the following equation:
X + Y + Z = 100.

In addition, we know exactly how much blue paint and red paint were used, so we can create a second equation (based around the percentages) - we used 3 times the amount of RED paint as BLUE paint, so...
Z = 3X

We now have 3 variables and 2 unique equations. If we have a third unique equation, then we'll have a System of equations and can solve for all 3 variables - meaning that we COULD answer the question that's asked (and without actually having to do all of that math).

(1) X = Y

Fact 1 gives us a third unique equation, so COULD determine the amount of green paint.
Fact 1 is SUFFICIENT

(2) Z = 60

Fact 2 also gives us a third unique equation, so COULD determine the amount of green paint.
Fact 2 is SUFFICIENT

Final Answer: D

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

_________________
Contact Rich at Rich.C@empowergmat.com

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • The Princeton Review
    FREE GMAT Exam
    Know how you'd score today for $0

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    The Princeton Review
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep

Top First Responders*

1 Ian Stewart 49 first replies
2 Brent@GMATPrepNow 39 first replies
3 Jay@ManhattanReview 35 first replies
4 GMATGuruNY 29 first replies
5 ceilidh.erickson 14 first replies
* Only counts replies to topics started in last 30 days
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members

Most Active Experts

1 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

206 posts
2 image description Max@Math Revolution

Math Revolution

90 posts
3 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

82 posts
4 image description Ian Stewart

GMATiX Teacher

56 posts
5 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

50 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts