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100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS Earn 10 Points Per Post Earn 10 Points Per Thanks Earn 10 Points Per Upvote 1000SC #24 & #31 This topic has 9 member replies 1000SC #24 & #31 A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance. (A) had elected early retirement rather than face (B) had elected early retirement instead of facing (C) have elected retiring early instead of facing (D) have elected to retire early rather than facing (E) have elected to retire early rather than face the answer is E.why not D???should'nt facing be parallel to rising ?? A star will compress itself into a whitedwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giantstage, depending on mass. (A) A star will compress itself into awhite dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a redgiant stage, depending on mass. (B) After passing through a red giantstage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, aneutron star, or a black hole. (C) After passing through a red giantstage, a star's mass will determine if it compresses itself into a white dwarf,a neutron star, or a black hole. (D) Mass determines whether a star,after passing through the red giant stage, will compress itself into a whitedwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole. (E) The mass of a star, after passingthrough the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into awhite dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole. correct answer is D.but i have been reading it from the begining that whether should only be used to choose between two options.for more than two options if should be used. here there are three cases.which is correct in this case 'if' or 'whether'. why B is wrong. Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Joined 09 Dec 2006 Posted: 4 messages For the first SC i think your doubt is 'why not C?' (C) cannot be the answer as the idiomatic expression is 'elected to' (D) cannot be the answer as 'facing' is not in parallel with 'retire ' for the second SC, the 'if' and 'whether' rule that you mentioned is a general rule that does hold true in most cases. However here, in option (C) modifier is not placed correctly ie . 'After passing through a red giantstage, a star's mass will determine'... the start's mass does not pass through the red giant stage... the entire star does Legendary Member Joined 20 Apr 2006 Posted: 2469 messages Followed by: 15 members Upvotes: 85 Target GMAT Score: 801- saurabhbansal18 wrote: A star will compress itself into a whitedwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giant stage, depending on mass. (A) A star will compress itself into awhite dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a redgiant stage, depending on mass. (B) After passing through a red giantstage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, aneutron star, or a black hole. (C) After passing through a red giantstage, a star's mass will determine if it compresses itself into a white dwarf,a neutron star, or a black hole. (D) Mass determines whether a star,after passing through the red giant stage, will compress itself into a whitedwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole. (E) The mass of a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole. correct answer is D.but i have been reading it from the begining that whether should only be used to choose between two options.for more than two options if should be used. here there are three cases.which is correct in this case 'if' or 'whether'. why B is wrong. very clever. very clever indeed. why not B. first of all let me tell you this is not whether / if problem; you are asked to check whether the idioms are placed here properly to modify correct words. Its a modifiers problem If you see option B , C & E have subtle errors in placing the idioms they joins mass with the stage... that makes us think the mass of the red giant stage. (which is not the case) D on the other hand has no such wrong modifiers hope that helps _________________ Getting started @BTG? Please do not PM me, (not active anymore) contact Eric. Legendary Member Joined 20 Apr 2006 Posted: 2469 messages Followed by: 15 members Upvotes: 85 Target GMAT Score: 801- saurabhbansal18 wrote: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance. (A) had elected early retirement rather than face (B) had elected early retirement instead of facing (C) have elected retiring early instead of facing (D) have elected to retire early rather than facing (E) have elected to retire early rather than face the answer is E.why not D???should'nt facing be parallel to rising ?? YOu can bring down your options in many ways first: have/ had down to C D E 2nd: correct parallel construction: retiring-facing / retire-face down to C E now correct idiom as inforeqd rightly point out is elected to so cut it down to E. bytheway parallel construction here is not facing & rising cost its thread & the rising cost .... & other parallel and important construction is retire & face.. _________________ Getting started @BTG? Please do not PM me, (not active anymore) contact Eric. Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 11 Aug 2008 Posted: 248 messages Upvotes: 13 saurabhbansal18 wrote: A star will compress itself into a whitedwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a red giantstage, depending on mass. (A) A star will compress itself into awhite dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole after it passes through a redgiant stage, depending on mass. (B) After passing through a red giantstage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, aneutron star, or a black hole. (C) After passing through a red giantstage, a star's mass will determine if it compresses itself into a white dwarf,a neutron star, or a black hole. (D) Mass determines whether a star,after passing through the red giant stage, will compress itself into a whitedwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole. (E) The mass of a star, after passingthrough the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into awhite dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole. correct answer is D.but i have been reading it from the begining that whether should only be used to choose between two options.for more than two options if should be used. here there are three cases.which is correct in this case 'if' or 'whether'. why B is wrong. Adding some more explanation to this old thread: (A)A star will compress itself into awhite dwarf, or a black hole after it passes through a redgiant stage, depending on mass...misplaced modifier....INCORRECT (B) After passing through a red giant stage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole.... misplaced modifier - After passing through a red giant stage... should have been closer to star! (C) After passing through a red giant stage, a star's mass will determine if it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole..... After passing.....stage is incorretly modifying star's mass instead of star; (E) The mass of a star, after passing through the red giant stage, will determine whether it compresses itself into a white dwarf, a neutron star, or a black hole. - mass is subject so if itself is for mass then it changes meaning of sentence Incorrect Correct answer is D (though there is an error there as well (Mass of what??.. but D is the best option) Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 14 Jan 2010 Posted: 293 messages Followed by: 5 members Upvotes: 36 GMAT Score: 730 Also, correct me if i am wrong but, Instead should be used to compare nouns, here we are comparing retire to face or retiring to facing, hence,...correct answer should be E Legendary Member Joined 29 Aug 2009 Posted: 758 messages Followed by: 2 members Upvotes: 67 Takeaway: Have + ed + ing constructions are always wrong ( i think from spidy notes) so, C is wrong. ||ism is b/w retire and face so choose E. Instead vs Rather than - im not aware of such rule..anyone pls help !! _________________ I am on a break !! Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 14 Jan 2010 Posted: 293 messages Followed by: 5 members Upvotes: 36 GMAT Score: 730 There IS a crucial difference between "rather than" and "instead of" that you should know. "Rather than" is a conjunction and so can be followed by basically anything, whereas "instead of" is a (complex) preposition -- and a preposition should be followed only by a noun. Now, the noun can be an "-ing" verb, known as a gerund. So, the sentences you quote are not grammatically wrong in this regard. However, the GMAT seems to prefer "rather than" in comparisons of verbs, because the parallelism is clearest: (1) "I ski rather than snowboard." -- Correct. (2) "I ski instead of snowboarding." -- Correct, but a 'little' less parallel, so (1) is slightly preferable. Manhattan GMAT Staff - http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/rather-than-accept-the-conventional-wisdom-that-the-earth-t1177.html Hope it helps Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Joined 27 Mar 2010 Posted: 90 messages Option B says After passing through a red giantstage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, aneutron star, or a black hole Had it been After passing through a red giantstage, a star, depending on its mass, will compress itself into a white dwarf, aneutron star, or a black hole Then what would have been the correct choice? Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts Joined 26 Jul 2009 Posted: 278 messages Upvotes: 17 Test Date: 14-09-2010 Target GMAT Score: 710 samyak wrote: Option B says After passing through a red giantstage, depending on its mass, a star will compress itself into a white dwarf, aneutron star, or a black hole Had it been After passing through a red giantstage, a star, depending on its mass, will compress itself into a white dwarf, aneutron star, or a black hole Then what would have been the correct choice? if thats the case, then i believe gramatically both are correct, but we will still prefer Option D as in you structure above, you have created lot of fragmentation by adding commas. _________________ Sonu -------- When you want something desperately, the whole Universe conspires in helping to give it to you - The Alchemist • Free Veritas GMAT Class Experience Lesson 1 Live Free Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Free Practice Test & Review How would you score if you took the GMAT Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Get 300+ Practice Questions 25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • 1 Hour Free BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Free Trial & Practice Exam BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE Available with Beat the GMAT members only code • Award-winning private GMAT tutoring Register now and save up to$200

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