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Inductive learning vs Deductive learning

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hk MBA Student
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Inductive learning vs Deductive learning Post Fri May 08, 2009 7:22 am
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    Try this one. Very interesting question.

    In science, inductive reasoning, or working from examples to discover abstract concepts, is often considered superior to deductive reasoning, or using abstract concepts to make sense of examples. However, a recent study found that the most famous scientific discoveries have been made through the use of deductive reasoning. This confirms the alternative view that deductive reasoning is actually more successful than inductive reasoning in advancing science.

    The conclusion above is based on which of the following assumptions?

    (A) More famous scientific discoveries advance science more than less famous scientific discoveries do.

    (B) The most famous scientific discoveries probably employ both inductive and deductive reasoning.

    (C) Using abstract concepts to make sense of single examples is an inappropriate way to make scientific discoveries.

    (D) The most famous scientists employ deductive reasoning in the majority of their scientific work.

    (E) The discoveries made by working scientists can be made just as easily using either inductive or deductive reasoning.

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    poonam1279 Really wants to Beat The GMAT! Default Avatar
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    Post Fri May 08, 2009 7:30 am
    E

    The discoveries made by working scientists can be made just as easily using either inductive or deductive reasoning.
    If we negate the assumption then conclusion does not hold true

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    rs2010 Really wants to Beat The GMAT! Default Avatar
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    Post Fri May 08, 2009 7:34 am
    B because if we using both X and Y and then X is producing better than we can compare that X has eage over Y.

    hk MBA Student
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    Post Fri May 08, 2009 7:37 am
    I would suggest you to reconsider your reasonings..

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    hk MBA Student
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    Post Fri May 08, 2009 8:14 am
    The OA is A

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    ManSab Rising GMAT Star Default Avatar
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    Post Fri May 08, 2009 9:27 am
    I am confused between A and D.

    will pick A though. 'Advance science' makes it logical.

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    mehravikas GMAT Titan Default Avatar
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    Post Fri May 08, 2009 4:39 pm
    (A) More famous scientific discoveries advance science more than less famous scientific discoveries do.

    Reverse this statement and the argument will be invalid, because argument says that most famous scientific discoveries are done deductive reasoning, therefore deductive reasoning is more successful than inductive reasoning.

    Therefore, answer should be A

    Student87 Just gettin' started! Default Avatar
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    Post Sat Jun 13, 2009 11:06 am
    hye there.. im new here.. can anyone briefly explain me whats inductive and deductive? plus, please give me example for inductive and deductive so that i can fully understand.. its really important for me to understand it.. please anyone!! thanks! Crying or Very sad

    ket Rising GMAT Star Default Avatar
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    Post Sat Jun 13, 2009 1:41 pm
    Thanks hk for a nice c/r problem:)

    It's definitely A, I am glad I got it right Smile

    turbo jet Really wants to Beat The GMAT!
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    Post Wed Jun 17, 2009 12:50 am
    IMO: A

    Trick words here are: famous scientific discoveries & advance science more( meaning more successful)

    Cheers
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    hazpazfaz Just gettin' started! Default Avatar
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    Post Wed Jun 17, 2009 1:10 am
    A

    Because the statement is talking about advancing science vs. number of famous scientific discoveries

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