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100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS Earn 10 Points Per Post Earn 10 Points Per Thanks Earn 10 Points Per Upvote ## OG2017 Using study groups managed by the principal popular o tagged by: ceilidh.erickson ##### This topic has 2 expert replies and 3 member replies ## OG2017 Using study groups managed by the principal popular o ## Timer 00:00 ## Your Answer A B C D E ## Global Stats Difficult Using study groups managed by the principal popular organizations and political parties, the Swedish public was informed by the government about energy and nuclear power. A) the Swedish public was informed by the government about energy and nuclear power B) the government informed the Swedish public about energy and nuclear power C) energy and nuclear power information was given to the Swedish public by the government D) information about energy and nuclear power was given to the Swedish public by the government E) the public of Sweden was given energy and nuclear power information by the government OG 2017 New Question ### GMAT/MBA Expert GMAT Instructor Joined 04 Dec 2012 Posted: 2094 messages Followed by: 238 members Upvotes: 1443 Top Reply This questions is testing the use of opening MODIFIERS. When a sentence begins with a present participle such as "using," that participial phrase must modify the SUBJECT of the independent clause following the comma. This is a very common SC structure on the GMAT: an opening modifier that is not underlined, and an underlined portion that being right after the comma. "Using study groups managed by the principal popular organizations and political parties..." So who is using study groups? Logically it should be the government, not the public. Think about rearranging the sentence: "the government informed the public... by using study groups." It does not make sense to say "the public was informed by the government... by using study groups." The only answer that has a logical subject is B. A) the Swedish public was informed by the government about energy and nuclear power The public isn't using study groups to *be* informed by the government. The government is using them to inform. B) the government informed the Swedish public about energy and nuclear power Correct. C) energy and nuclear power information was given to the Swedish public by the government "Information" doesn't use study groups. D) information about energy and nuclear power was given to the Swedish public by the government Same issue as in C. E) the public of Sweden was given energy and nuclear power information by the government Same issue as in A. _________________ Ceilidh Erickson Manhattan Prep GMAT & GRE instructor EdM in Mind, Brain, and Education Harvard Graduate School of Education Manhattan Prep instructors all have 99th+ percentile scores and expert teaching experience. Sign up for a FREE TRIAL, and learn why we have the highest ratings in the GMAT industry! Free Manhattan Prep online events - The first class of every online Manhattan Prep course is free. Classes start every week. Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Joined 16 Feb 2016 Posted: 42 messages Followed by: 1 members Upvotes: 1 Ans B Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts Joined 18 Dec 2017 Posted: 1 messages B ### GMAT/MBA Expert GMAT Instructor Joined 04 Dec 2012 Posted: 2094 messages Followed by: 238 members Upvotes: 1443 _________________ Ceilidh Erickson Manhattan Prep GMAT & GRE instructor EdM in Mind, Brain, and Education Harvard Graduate School of Education Manhattan Prep instructors all have 99th+ percentile scores and expert teaching experience. Sign up for a FREE TRIAL, and learn why we have the highest ratings in the GMAT industry! Free Manhattan Prep online events - The first class of every online Manhattan Prep course is free. Classes start every week. ### Top Member GMAT Instructor Joined 20 Jul 2015 Posted: 178 messages Followed by: 4 members Hello Everyone! This is a great example of a GMAT question that deals with modifiers! Let's start by taking a quick look at each option, and highlight the major differences between them in orange: Using study groups managed by the principal popular organizations and political parties, the Swedish public was informed by the government about energy and nuclear power. (A) the Swedish public was informed by the government about energy and nuclear power (B) the government informed the Swedish public about energy and nuclear power (C) energy and nuclear power information was given to the Swedish public by the government (D) information about energy and nuclear power was given to the Swedish public by the government (E) the public of Sweden was given energy and nuclear power information by the government Whenever we see options that are all drastically different from one another, we have to ask: what's the bigger picture? For this question, it's clear that we're dealing with modifiers because the modifier isn't underlined, but the rest of the sentence is. The most common mistake that writers make concerning modifiers is placement. Modifiers should immediately precede or follow what they're modifying. So, let's take a closer look at each option, and ask ourselves: WHO/WHAT used study groups managed by the principal popular organizations and political parties? It makes the most sense to say the government used study groups, and then told the public about their findings! Let's see which options place the government directly next to the modifier: (A) the Swedish public was informed by the government about energy and nuclear power (B) the government informed the Swedish public about energy and nuclear power (C) energy and nuclear power information was given to the Swedish public by the government (D) information about energy and nuclear power was given to the Swedish public by the government (E) the public of Sweden was given energy and nuclear power information by the government It's clear that the only option that places the modifier and antecedent next to each other is option B, which is the correct choice! If you can identify the grammar concept you need to focus on, sometimes you can find the correct option rather quickly! Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it. • Award-winning private GMAT tutoring Register now and save up to$200

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