The United States has by far the highest murder rate of any industrialized country, and it is one of the few countries

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The United States has by far the highest murder rate of any industrialized country, and it is one of the few countries to lack rigorous gun-control laws. Therefore, the United States should adopt more stringent gun-control laws.

Which of the following is an assumption of the argument above?

A. Other countries tend to enforce their laws more rigorously than does the United States.

B. Strict gun-control laws contribute to the low murder rate of other industrialized countries.

C. Many in the United States believe that gun control would not lead to lower murder rates.

D. Citizens in other countries are less violent by nature than are U.S. citizens.

E. More people are murdered every year in the U.S. than in all other industrialized countries combined.



OA B

Source: Princeton Review

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Answer choice A - Incorrect
This is incorrect - we cannot be so sure, according to the passage, if other countries enforce their laws more rigorously than the United States because the United States is also included 'among the few countries' that lack rigorous gun-control laws.

Answer choice B - Correct
For the United States to have a low murder rate, they must adopt more stringent gun-control laws. On the other hand, this implies that industrialized countries with a low murder rate have strict gun control laws.

Answer choice C - Incorrect
This assumption is off-topic because people's opinions on the impact of gun-control laws on murder rates are irrelevant to the argument.

Answer choice D - Incorrect
This is false and not relevant to the argument!

Answer choice E - Incorrect
This goes too far in its assumption. We can't know from the passage if the United States has the highest number of people murdered "every year" when compared to other industrialized countries because the passage only gives a general summary of the rate of murder among countries.