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## Papgust's GMAT SENTENCE CORRECTION FLASHCARDS directory

This topic has 8 expert replies and 339 member replies
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simone88 Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
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Tue May 08, 2012 6:58 am
papgust wrote:
--[IMPORTANT]--

"Would" Vs "Will":

"Would" is the past tense of "Will".

(i) If you are talking about predicting or expecting an event that still lies in the future, then you use "WILL".

(ii) If you are talking about a PAST PREDICTION or expectation of an event whose timeframe has ALREADY PASSED, then you use "WOULD".

Courtesy: Ron Purewal, GMAT Expert.
could you, please, make an example with the use of will?

subratdash24 Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts
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Fri May 18, 2012 1:00 pm
HI All,

I have one basic doubt in finding the noun in the below sentence, can anybody please help me what are the nouns in this sentence below

" Keli's ambition is to win the state lottery"

Best Regards,
Subrat

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lunarpower GMAT Instructor
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Sat May 19, 2012 9:48 pm

1/

Quote:
could you, please, give me some example? because I don't understand what ESSENTIAL mean
--> if you have a question about general definitions, the best thing to do is to google the topic.
so, if you are interested in the distinction between "essential" and "non-essential" modifiers (a distinction that is NOT explicitly tested on the gmat, by the way), just type any of the following into google...
essential modifier
nonessential modifier
essential modifier english
nonessential modifier english

--

2/

simone88 wrote:
papgust wrote:
"twice as many as":

"..., twice as many as ..." is an APPOSITIVE modifier. Appositives must modify some noun that comes immediately before the comma.

NOTE:
If you have an appositive modifier as an ABSTRACT NOUN - such as "strategy", "figure", "statistic", "findings", "situation", "change", "difference" etc. - then such an appositive may be allowed to describe the entire situation described in the preceding clause
Could you, please, make some example of the note?
thx
check out the correct answer to SC #83 in OG 12th edition.
in that sentence, "phenomenon" (an abstract term) is used to describe the entire idea of the clause that precedes it.

more examples here:
http://www.beatthegmat.com/modifier-confusion-t10582.html#366042

--

3/

Quote:
since that I don't know what a prepositional phrase is, could you, please, explain me it making me some other example?
type "prepositional phrase" into google, and read a bunch of the pages that come up.

--

4/

http://www.beatthegmat.com/a-tense-problem-t72364.html#327988

--

5/

covered in the same link i gave you for #4.

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Puja3838 Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts
Joined
25 Apr 2012
Posted:
2 messages
Tue May 29, 2012 2:13 pm
Dear Papgust,

First of all, thank you so much for such a wonderful notes...I find it very useful.

I have 1 doubt and wanted to clear my concept -

In SC part - Page 16 - Verb Phrase Ellipsis - Says that you can omit verb comparators when you use a comparison using "than" or "as"

Page 21 - Comparison of action - here also we are using "than" to compare, still we cant omit "do"

TC

suavesin Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts
Joined
03 Oct 2011
Posted:
7 messages
Tue May 29, 2012 7:55 pm

Just wanted to add this to the list.starters who might get confused with S-V agreement can just refer this page. I found it on a site and thought its pretty useful for starters.

bek_gmat Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts
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Tue Jun 12, 2012 10:18 am
Papgust,

first of all, thanks for the effort and helpful flashcards! I was reading and came across to something odd. You mentioned "that" can modify people/things, but Manhattan strategy book says we cannot use That to modify people.

So can you give us your source. And maybe we need third person's opinion on this.

hey_thr67 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Fri Jun 22, 2012 10:24 am
Read all the posts. Your doubt has been answered in the post by Ron. manhattan is right ...

Suz Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
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Wed Jul 11, 2012 7:12 am
Yes! Please continue-- these flashcards are great

swaroop Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts
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01 Nov 2011
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Mon Jul 16, 2012 2:54 am
Hi,

Could someone tell me what is the difference between 'Native Of' & 'Native To' ?
It would be helpful if the concept is explained with an example.

-
swp

bubbliiiiiiii Legendary Member
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Mon Jul 16, 2012 3:00 am
swaroop wrote:
Hi,

Could someone tell me what is the difference between 'Native Of' & 'Native To' ?
It would be helpful if the concept is explained with an example.

-
swp
Native of - Is used when you are describe the origin of something.

Native to - Is used to describe about the current state.

Ex:

I am native of Rajasthan, India.
I am native to Andhra Pradesh, India.

The above two statements mean, Although I am born in Andhra Pradesh, India, my family originated in Rajasthan, India.

Hope it helps.

Experts/fellow bloggers, please correct in case my understanding is improper.

_________________
Regards,

Pranay

DeepikaShukla201122 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts
Joined
12 Oct 2011
Posted:
10 messages
Wed Jul 18, 2012 7:25 am
papgust wrote:
-- IMPORTANT --

Myth of "One of.."

1. One of the X's that/who
2. One of the X's
3. Only one of the X's
4. Only one of the X's that/who
5. The only one of the X's that/who

Thank you so much for providing such wonderful flashcards. They r really very helpful.
Can u please explain the above mentioned point in detail with examples or please give the link from where u quoted this.

Courtesy: Ron Purewal, GMAT Expert.

sunder_710 Newbie | Next Rank: 10 Posts
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Tue Aug 14, 2012 8:34 pm

hemant_rajput Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Sat Jan 26, 2013 10:50 am
papgust wrote:
If-Then Clause Rules:

Examples:
If John arrives, we will start -- Present (If Clause). WILL + Base Verb (Then Clause).
If John arrived, we would start -- Past (If Clause). Would + Base Verb (Then Clause).
If John had arrived, we would have started -- Past Perfect (If Clause). Would + HAVE + Past Participle (Then Clause).

Key Points to Remember:

1. "Would" and "Could NEVER appear in the IF Clause.
2. The verb "was" NEVER appears in the IF Clause because of subjunctive mood.

_________________
I'm no expert, just trying to work on my skills. If I've made any mistakes please bear with me.

hemant_rajput Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Sat Jan 26, 2013 11:53 am
papgust wrote:
"twice as many as":

"..., twice as many as ..." is an APPOSITIVE modifier. Appositives must modify some noun that comes immediately before the comma.

NOTE:
If you have an appositive modifier as an ABSTRACT NOUN - such as "strategy", "figure", "statistic", "findings", "situation", "change", "difference" etc. - then such an appositive may be allowed to describe the entire situation described in the preceding clause.

Examples:
"... rose sharply in 1990, twice as many as ... " -- WRONG!!
"... rose sharply in 1990, doubling the increase of the previous year." -- RIGHT!!

_________________
I'm no expert, just trying to work on my skills. If I've made any mistakes please bear with me.

tisrar02 Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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Tue Feb 05, 2013 5:04 pm
The correct answer is 2). You have two time frames. The earthquake and the construction of these buildings. You need "had been" to make the sentence clear and concise as to which event happened first and which event happened later.

Option 5) distorts the meaning a bit which is why 2) is the correct answer.

destiny0411 wrote:
Some of the buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in viloatio of the city's building code.

1)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
2)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
3)Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year have been
4)Last year the earthquake destroyed and heavily damaged last year have been
5)Last year some the buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake had been

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