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p(12)+11

This topic has 3 expert replies and 2 member replies

p(12)+11

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If n is a positive integer greater than 1, then p(n) represents the product of all the prime numbers less than or equal to n. The second smallest prime factor of p(12)+11 is

A)2
B)11
C)13
D)17
E)211

OAE

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GMAT/MBA Expert

Post
j_shreyans wrote:
If n is a positive integer greater than 1, then p(n) represents the product of all the prime numbers less than or equal to n. The second smallest prime factor of p(12)+11 is

A)2
B)11
C)13
D)17
E)211

OAE
By the definition, p(12) = (11)(7)(5)(3)(2)

So, p(12) + 11 = (11)(7)(5)(3)(2) + 11
= 11[(7)(5)(3)(2) + 1] I factored out the 11
= 11[210 + 1]
= 11(211)

NOTE: 11 is prime and 211 is prime

The second smallest prime factor of p(12)+11 is
p(12)+11 has only 2 prime factors: 11 and 211
So, the second smallest is 211 (the smallest is 11)

Answer: E

Cheers,
Brent

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Last edited by Brent@GMATPrepNow on Thu Apr 19, 2018 3:00 pm; edited 2 times in total

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Brent@GMATPrepNow wrote:
The second smallest prime factor of p(12)+11 is
p(12)+11 has only 2 prime factors: 11 and 211
So, the second smallest is 11

Cheers,
Brent
Brent,

I think that you're misinterpreting the meaning of second smallest.
Of the two prime factors of p(12)+11, 11 is the smallest, so 211 is the second smallest.

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GMAT/MBA Expert

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GMATGuruNY wrote:
Brent@GMATPrepNow wrote:
The second smallest prime factor of p(12)+11 is
p(12)+11 has only 2 prime factors: 11 and 211
So, the second smallest is 11

Cheers,
Brent
Brent,

I think that you're misinterpreting the meaning of second smallest.
Of the two prime factors of p(12)+11, 11 is the smallest, so 211 is the second smallest.
Good catch, Mitch.
I read it as second largest the whole time.

I have edited my response.

Cheers,
Brent

_________________
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j_shreyans wrote:
If n is a positive integer greater than 1, then p(n) represents the product of all the prime numbers less than or equal to n. The second smallest prime factor of p(12)+11 is

A)2
B)11
C)13
D)17
E)211

OAE
P(12) = 2 x 3 x 5 x 7 x 11

Therefore, P(12)+11 = 2 x 3 x 5 x 7 x 11 + 11 = 11(2x3x5x7+1) = 11(211)

Only two primes therefore
first smallest- 11
Second smallest- 211

Answer: 211

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What a great question

I have heard the term "second smallest" in any GMAT question for the first time

first smallest -11
second smallest -211 is the answer.

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