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OG A, B, C, and D are points on a line.

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AbeNeedsAnswers Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
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OG A, B, C, and D are points on a line.

Thu Aug 24, 2017 8:29 pm
A, B, C, and D are points on a line. If C is the midpoint of line segment AB and if D is the midpoint of line segment CB, is the length of line segment DB greater than 5?

1) The length of line segment AC is greater than 8
2) The length of line segment CD is greater than 6

B

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Rich.C@EMPOWERgmat.com Elite Legendary Member
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Tue Sep 05, 2017 10:33 am

We're told that A, B, C, and D are points on a line, C is the midpoint of line segment AB and D is the midpoint of line segment CB. We're asked if the length of line segment DB is greater than 5. This is a YES/NO question.

You might find it useful to draw a picture (and it would likely help you to make the algebraic 'deductions' that are needed to answer this question).

< - - A - - - - - C - - D - - B - - >

In the above example, C is the midpoint of AB and D is the midpoint of CB, so...
AC = CB = X
CD = DB = Y
X = 2Y

The question essentially asks if Y is greater than 5.

1) The length of line segment AC is greater than 8

With Fact 1, we know that X is greater than 8. This means that Y is greater than 4.
IF... Y = 6, then the answer to the question is YES.
IF... Y = 5, then the answer to the question is NO.
Fact 1 is INSUFFICIENT

2) The length of line segment CD is greater than 6

With Fact 2, we know that Y is greater than 6. Thus, the answer to the question is ALWAYS YES.
Fact 2 is SUFFICIENT

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

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Contact Rich at Rich.C@empowergmat.com

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