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## OG 2016 RC 130-136

This topic has 2 member replies
Crystal W Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
02 Mar 2016
Posted:
154 messages
2

#### OG 2016 RC 130-136

Mon May 16, 2016 12:00 am
Jacob Burckhardt’s view that Renaissance European women “stood on a footing of equality” with Renaissance men has been cited by feminist scholars as a prelude to their a presentation of rich historical evidence of women's inequality. In striking contrast to Burckhardt, Joan Kelly in her famous 1977 essay, “Did Women Have a Renaissance?" argued that the Renaissance was a period of economic and social decline for women relative both to Renaissance men and to medieval women. Recently. however, a significant trend among feminist [gl]scholars[/gl] has entailed a rejection of both Kelly's dark vision of the Renaissance and Burckhardt’s rosy one. Many recent works by these scholars stress the ways in which differences among Renaissance women－especially in terms of social status and religion－work to complicate the kinds of generalizations both Burckhardt and Kelly made on the basis of their observations about upper-class Italian women.

The trend is also evident, however, in works focusing on those middle- and upper-class European women whose ability to write gives them disproportionate representation in the historical record. Such women were, simply by virtue of their literacy, members of a tiny minority of the population, so it is risky to take their descriptions of their experiences as typical of “female experience” in any general sense. Tina Krontiris, for example, in her fascinating study of six Renaissance women writers, does tend at times to conflate “women” and“women writers,” assuming that women’s gender, irrespective of other social differences, including literacy, allows us to view women as a homogeneous social group and make that group an object of analysis. Nonetheless, Krontiris makes a significant contribution to the field and is representative of those authors who offer what might be called a cautiously Optimistic assessment of Renaissance women’s achievements, although she also stresses the social obstacles Renaissance women faced when they sought to raise their “oppositional voices." Krontiris is concerned to show women intentionally negotiating some power for themselves (at least in the realm of public discourse) against potentially constraining ideologies, but in her sober and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests that such verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes was highly circumscribed; women seldom attacked the basic assumptions in the ideologies that oppressed them.

I believe in this passage, JB's view is women got equality in Renaissance, and JK disagreed it and believed women were treated inequality. Then feminist scholars which mentioned in line 12 disagrees both JB and JK, and then TK is an example of feminist scholars. However, I think in Qs 131(According to the passage, Krontiris’s work differs from that of the scholars mentioned in line 12 in which of the following ways?) ask the difference of feminist scholars and TK. Qs 133 (It can be inferred that both Burckhardt and Kelly have been criticized by the scholars mentioned in line 12 for which of the following?) also has this problem. I am confused about that. Can someone explain it?

Crystal W Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
02 Mar 2016
Posted:
154 messages
2
Mon May 16, 2016 12:25 am
Crystal W wrote:
Jacob Burckhardt’s view that Renaissance European women “stood on a footing of equality” with Renaissance men has been cited by feminist scholars as a prelude to their a presentation of rich historical evidence of women's inequality. In striking contrast to Burckhardt, Joan Kelly in her famous 1977 essay, “Did Women Have a Renaissance?" argued that the Renaissance was a period of economic and social decline for women relative both to Renaissance men and to medieval women. Recently. however, a significant trend among feminist [gl]scholars[/gl] has entailed a rejection of both Kelly's dark vision of the Renaissance and Burckhardt’s rosy one. Many recent works by these scholars stress the ways in which differences among Renaissance women－especially in terms of social status and religion－work to complicate the kinds of generalizations both Burckhardt and Kelly made on the basis of their observations about upper-class Italian women.

The trend is also evident, however, in works focusing on those middle- and upper-class European women whose ability to write gives them disproportionate representation in the historical record. Such women were, simply by virtue of their literacy, members of a tiny minority of the population, so it is risky to take their descriptions of their experiences as typical of “female experience” in any general sense. Tina Krontiris, for example, in her fascinating study of six Renaissance women writers, does tend at times to conflate “women” and“women writers,” assuming that women’s gender, irrespective of other social differences, including literacy, allows us to view women as a homogeneous social group and make that group an object of analysis. Nonetheless, Krontiris makes a significant contribution to the field and is representative of those authors who offer what might be called a cautiously Optimistic assessment of Renaissance women’s achievements, although she also stresses the social obstacles Renaissance women faced when they sought to raise their “oppositional voices." Krontiris is concerned to show women intentionally negotiating some power for themselves (at least in the realm of public discourse) against potentially constraining ideologies, but in her sober and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests that such verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes was highly circumscribed; women seldom attacked the basic assumptions in the ideologies that oppressed them.

I believe in this passage, JB's view is women got equality in Renaissance, and JK disagreed it and believed women were treated inequality. Then feminist scholars which mentioned in line 12 disagrees both JB and JK, and then TK is an example of feminist scholars. However, I think in Qs 131(According to the passage, Krontiris’s work differs from that of the scholars mentioned in line 12 in which of the following ways?) ask the difference of feminist scholars and TK. Qs 133 (It can be inferred that both Burckhardt and Kelly have been criticized by the scholars mentioned in line 12 for which of the following?) also has this problem. I am confused about that. Can someone explain it?
Also, in question 136 OG explanation of Choice E, it refers" The author does not suggest that feminist scholars in general are more interested in the concerns of middle- and upper-class literate women than they are with women of other classes." As i talked earlier, I believe TK is an example of feminist scholars so feminist scholars should be interested in the concerns of middle- and upper-class literate women than they are with women of other classes as the passage refered it for TK.

Crystal W Master | Next Rank: 500 Posts
Joined
02 Mar 2016
Posted:
154 messages
2
Mon May 16, 2016 12:25 am
Crystal W wrote:
Jacob Burckhardt’s view that Renaissance European women “stood on a footing of equality” with Renaissance men has been cited by feminist scholars as a prelude to their a presentation of rich historical evidence of women's inequality. In striking contrast to Burckhardt, Joan Kelly in her famous 1977 essay, “Did Women Have a Renaissance?" argued that the Renaissance was a period of economic and social decline for women relative both to Renaissance men and to medieval women. Recently. however, a significant trend among feminist [gl]scholars[/gl] has entailed a rejection of both Kelly's dark vision of the Renaissance and Burckhardt’s rosy one. Many recent works by these scholars stress the ways in which differences among Renaissance women－especially in terms of social status and religion－work to complicate the kinds of generalizations both Burckhardt and Kelly made on the basis of their observations about upper-class Italian women.

The trend is also evident, however, in works focusing on those middle- and upper-class European women whose ability to write gives them disproportionate representation in the historical record. Such women were, simply by virtue of their literacy, members of a tiny minority of the population, so it is risky to take their descriptions of their experiences as typical of “female experience” in any general sense. Tina Krontiris, for example, in her fascinating study of six Renaissance women writers, does tend at times to conflate “women” and“women writers,” assuming that women’s gender, irrespective of other social differences, including literacy, allows us to view women as a homogeneous social group and make that group an object of analysis. Nonetheless, Krontiris makes a significant contribution to the field and is representative of those authors who offer what might be called a cautiously Optimistic assessment of Renaissance women’s achievements, although she also stresses the social obstacles Renaissance women faced when they sought to raise their “oppositional voices." Krontiris is concerned to show women intentionally negotiating some power for themselves (at least in the realm of public discourse) against potentially constraining ideologies, but in her sober and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests that such verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes was highly circumscribed; women seldom attacked the basic assumptions in the ideologies that oppressed them.

I believe in this passage, JB's view is women got equality in Renaissance, and JK disagreed it and believed women were treated inequality. Then feminist scholars which mentioned in line 12 disagrees both JB and JK, and then TK is an example of feminist scholars. However, I think in Qs 131(According to the passage, Krontiris’s work differs from that of the scholars mentioned in line 12 in which of the following ways?) ask the difference of feminist scholars and TK. Qs 133 (It can be inferred that both Burckhardt and Kelly have been criticized by the scholars mentioned in line 12 for which of the following?) also has this problem. I am confused about that. Can someone explain it?
Also, in question 136 OG explanation of Choice E, it refers" The author does not suggest that feminist scholars in general are more interested in the concerns of middle- and upper-class literate women than they are with women of other classes." As i talked earlier, I believe TK is an example of feminist scholars so feminist scholars should be interested in the concerns of middle- and upper-class literate women than they are with women of other classes as the passage refered it for TK.

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