• NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    NEW! FREE Beat The GMAT Quizzes
    Hundreds of Questions Highly Detailed Reporting Expert Explanations TAKE A FREE GMAT QUIZ
  • 7 CATs FREE!
    If you earn 100 Forum Points

    Engage in the Beat The GMAT forums to earn
    100 points for $49 worth of Veritas practice GMATs FREE

    Veritas Prep
    VERITAS PRACTICE GMAT EXAMS
    Earn 10 Points Per Post
    Earn 10 Points Per Thanks
    Earn 10 Points Per Upvote
    REDEEM NOW

more today's archaeologists learn about ancient Zoroastrian

This topic has 4 member replies

more today's archaeologists learn about ancient Zoroastrian

Post
The more today's archaeologists learn about ancient Zoroastrian civilization, the more they understand its contributions to modern world religions. As religious scrolls found in their temples record, they were one of the earliest religions to have an organized system of law, and some scholars argue that their dualist beliefs (a belief in two gods) provided the transition between the widespread polytheism of the time and the subsequent spread of monotheism. Clearly, most Zoroastrians were remarkably capable of engaging with deep religious questions.

The argument's reasoning is most vulnerable to criticism on the ground that the argument:

(A) Generalizes based on a sample that is unlikely to be representative.
(B) Privileges one type of religious system over another without justification.
(C) Ignores the remarkable theological accomplishments of other ancient civilizations.
(D) Fails to properly characterize "deep religious questions."
(E) Oversimplifies the historical relationship between monotheism and polytheism.

Source: Grockit

Please discuss your reasoning for each option so that other members can be benefited.

OA: A



Last edited by magpie16 on Fri Jun 07, 2013 7:14 pm; edited 2 times in total

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
15 May 2013
Posted:
36 messages
Followed by:
1 members
Upvotes:
4
Post
IMO D

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts
Joined
22 Feb 2013
Posted:
43 messages
Upvotes:
3
Post
Even I would go D

what is the OA?

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
12 Mar 2013
Posted:
44 messages
Upvotes:
3
Post
The more today's archaeologists learn about ancient Zoroastrian civilization, the more they understand its contributions to modern world religions. As religious scrolls found in their temples record, they were one of the earliest religions to have an organized system of law, and some scholars argue that their dualist beliefs (a belief in two gods) provided the transition between the widespread polytheism of the time and the subsequent spread of monotheism. Clearly, most Zoroastrians were remarkably capable of engaging with deep religious questions.

The argument's reasoning is most vulnerable to criticism on the ground that the argument:

(A) Generalizes based on a sample that is unlikely to be representative.

Clearly most Z is a huge generalization. may have been a few select leaders.

(B) Privileges one type of religious system over another without justification.
no privileges given

(C) Ignores the remarkable theological accomplishments of other ancient civilizations.
not talking about other civilizations

(D) Fails to properly characterize "deep religious questions."
gives example mono vs polytheism

(E) Oversimplifies the historical relationship between monotheism and polytheism.

no oversimplification, talks about transition from poly to mono and dualist as a bridge ; does not address main conclusion , Clearly, most Zoroastrians were remarkably capable of engaging with deep religious questions

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
Senior | Next Rank: 100 Posts Default Avatar
Joined
25 May 2013
Posted:
31 messages
Upvotes:
1
Post
Explanation from Grockit:

A) Correct answer. Evidence from Temple scrolls provides evidence from the sample of Temple scholars, but these are not likely to be representative of the people as a whole.
B) No value-laden comparison between religious systems is given here, just a description.
C) Although it's true that this argument looks only at Zoroastrian civilization, not other civilizations, this is not its flaw. We are looking for a flaw within the given argument, which is made about Zoroastrians themselves, without needing to compare them to other civilizations.
D) It's true that the argument doesn't specify what it means by this term, but it also seems clear from context that a civilization that innovates religiously must be engaging with deep religious questions in some fashion, in at least some corner of that civilization. This answer choice, though perhaps true, doesn't indicate a problem with the argument.
E) We don't have enough information to know whether or not this answer choice is true, but what we do know is that, even if true, it would not affect the conclusion, which relates to the Zoroastrians specifically and their ability to engage with religious questions.

Congratulations J N for getting the correct answer and for writing some explanation!

  • +1 Upvote Post
  • Quote
  • Flag
  • PrepScholar GMAT
    5 Day FREE Trial
    Study Smarter, Not Harder

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    PrepScholar GMAT
  • Magoosh
    Magoosh
    Study with Magoosh GMAT prep

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Magoosh
  • The Princeton Review
    FREE GMAT Exam
    Know how you'd score today for $0

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    The Princeton Review
  • Veritas Prep
    Free Veritas GMAT Class
    Experience Lesson 1 Live Free

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Veritas Prep
  • EMPOWERgmat Slider
    1 Hour Free
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    EMPOWERgmat Slider
  • Kaplan Test Prep
    Free Practice Test & Review
    How would you score if you took the GMAT

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Kaplan Test Prep
  • Target Test Prep
    5-Day Free Trial
    5-day free, full-access trial TTP Quant

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Target Test Prep
  • Economist Test Prep
    Free Trial & Practice Exam
    BEAT THE GMAT EXCLUSIVE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Economist Test Prep
  • e-gmat Exclusive Offer
    Get 300+ Practice Questions
    25 Video lessons and 6 Webinars for FREE

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    e-gmat Exclusive Offer
  • Varsity Tutors
    Award-winning private GMAT tutoring
    Register now and save up to $200

    Available with Beat the GMAT members only code

    MORE DETAILS
    Varsity Tutors

Top First Responders*

1 Brent@GMATPrepNow 39 first replies
2 Ian Stewart 37 first replies
3 Jay@ManhattanReview 32 first replies
4 GMATGuruNY 26 first replies
5 Scott@TargetTestPrep 15 first replies
* Only counts replies to topics started in last 30 days
See More Top Beat The GMAT Members

Most Active Experts

1 image description Scott@TargetTestPrep

Target Test Prep

199 posts
2 image description Max@Math Revolution

Math Revolution

90 posts
3 image description Brent@GMATPrepNow

GMAT Prep Now Teacher

71 posts
4 image description GMATGuruNY

The Princeton Review Teacher

45 posts
5 image description Ian Stewart

GMATiX Teacher

43 posts
See More Top Beat The GMAT Experts