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## GMAT PREP SC

This topic has 3 expert replies and 4 member replies
vid_800 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts
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#### GMAT PREP SC

Fri Oct 07, 2016 7:45 am
Naked mole rats form colonies of approximately twenty animals, each of which consists of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her.

A. each of which consists
B. with each of them consisting
C. each colony consisting
D. and each of them consist
E. and each colony consisting

What is wrong with the constructions "each of which" or each of them"?

I though the whole clause after comma is acting as noun modifier . Modifying the colony.

vid_800 Junior | Next Rank: 30 Posts
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Fri Oct 07, 2016 10:21 am

### GMAT/MBA Expert

GMATGuruNY GMAT Instructor
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Sat Oct 08, 2016 3:27 am
vid_800 wrote:
Naked mole rats form colonies of approximately twenty animals, each of which consists of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her.

A. each of which consists
B. with each of them consisting
C. each colony consisting
D. and each of them consist
E. and each colony consisting
Generally, each of which and each of them must serve to refer to the NEAREST PRECEDING PLURAL NOUN.

A: twenty animals, each of which consists of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her
Here, the portion in red seems to refer to animals -- the nearest preceding plural noun -- implying that TWENTY ANIMALS consist of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her.
Since the intended meaning is that the COLONIES consist of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her, eliminate A.

B: twenty animals, with each of them consisting of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her
Here, the portion in red seems to refer to animals -- the nearest preceding plural noun -- implying that TWENTY ANIMALS are consisting of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her.
Since the intended meaning is that the COLONIES consist of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her, eliminate B.

In D, each (singular) does not agree with consist (plural).
Eliminate D.

and must serve to connect PARALLEL FORMS.
E: Naked mole rats form...and each colony consisting
Here, the red portion = SUBJECT + VERB, while the blue portion = NOUN + MODIFIER.
Since these colored portions are not parallel forms, eliminate E.

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Mo2men Legendary Member
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Thu May 04, 2017 11:49 pm
GMATGuruNY wrote:
vid_800 wrote:
Naked mole rats form colonies of approximately twenty animals, each of which consists of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her.

A. each of which consists
B. with each of them consisting
C. each colony consisting
D. and each of them consist
E. and each colony consisting
Generally, each of which and each of them must serve to refer to the NEAREST PRECEDING PLURAL NOUN.

A: twenty animals, each of which consists of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her
Here, the portion in red seems to refer to animals -- the nearest preceding plural noun -- implying that TWENTY ANIMALS consist of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her.
Since the intended meaning is that the COLONIES consist of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her, eliminate A.

B: twenty animals, with each of them consisting of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her
Here, the portion in red seems to refer to animals -- the nearest preceding plural noun -- implying that TWENTY ANIMALS are consisting of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her.
Since the intended meaning is that the COLONIES consist of a single reproductive female and workers that defend her, eliminate B.

In D, each (singular) does not agree with consist (plural).
Eliminate D.

and must serve to connect PARALLEL FORMS.
E: Naked mole rats form...and each colony consisting
Here, the red portion = SUBJECT + VERB, while the blue portion = NOUN + MODIFIER.
Since these colored portions are not parallel forms, eliminate E.

In OA :C, is the modifier 'each colony consisting' called resumptive modifier?? I assumed that because it repeats a key word.

Thanks

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GMATGuruNY GMAT Instructor
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Fri May 05, 2017 4:58 am
Mo2men wrote:
In OA :C, is the modifier 'each colony consisting' called resumptive modifier?? I assumed that because it repeats a key word.
Sounds reasonable.

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Mo2men Legendary Member
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Fri Nov 10, 2017 4:25 am
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Mo2men wrote:
In OA :C, is the modifier 'each colony consisting' called resumptive modifier?? I assumed that because it repeats a key word.
Sounds reasonable.
Dear Mitch,

How come a sentence does not have a main verb? There is no main clause. Just modifiers.

Do I miss something here?

Thanks

### GMAT/MBA Expert

GMATGuruNY GMAT Instructor
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Fri Nov 10, 2017 4:33 am
Mo2men wrote:
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Mo2men wrote:
In OA :C, is the modifier 'each colony consisting' called resumptive modifier?? I assumed that because it repeats a key word.
Sounds reasonable.
Dear Mitch,

How come a sentence does not have a main verb? There is no main clause. Just modifiers.

Do I miss something here?

Thanks
The main verb is in the non-underlined portion:
Naked mole rats FORM colonies.
Here, form is the main verb for naked mole rats (subject).

_________________
Mitch Hunt
GMAT Private Tutor
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "UPVOTE" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.

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Mo2men Legendary Member
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Fri Nov 10, 2017 4:36 am
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Mo2men wrote:
GMATGuruNY wrote:
Mo2men wrote:
In OA :C, is the modifier 'each colony consisting' called resumptive modifier?? I assumed that because it repeats a key word.
Sounds reasonable.
Dear Mitch,

How come a sentence does not have a main verb? There is no main clause. Just modifiers.

Do I miss something here?

Thanks
The main verb is in the non-underlined portion:
Naked mole rats FORM colonies.
Here, form is the main verb for naked mole rats (subject).
Thanks Mitch. However, I misread FORM to be FROM.

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